There are about 31 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Guam. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The people of the U.S. Affiliated Pacific Islands (USAPI) face higher cancer incidence, especially lung/bronchia and head-and-neck cancer, and poorer cancer outcomes, compared with the U.S. nationally. This may partly be driven by the high rates of cigarette smoking and betel (areca) nut use in the USAPI. Previous data suggest that that adolescents on Guam, as young as middle school students report markedly higher e-cigarette and tobacco product use prevalence in the USAPI compared with the USAPI nationally. Guam youths are also at risk for the use of betel nuts. Yet, currently there are no tobacco product/areca nut use prevention programs that have been developed for and tested specifically USAPI adolescents. The proposed study will develop a school-based substance use prevention curriculum for e-cigarette, tobacco product, and areca nut use prevention among Guam youths. The curriculum will use lessons incorporating innovative videos and culturally grounded activities. The study's specific aims are: 1. To develop a school-based curriculum for e-cigarette, tobacco product (i.e., cigarette, smokeless tobacco), and betel nut use prevention among middle school students in Guam. 2. Test the efficacy of the school-based curriculum in a randomized controlled trial.
This phase II Lung-MAP treatment trial studies the effect of AMG 510 in treating non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer that is stage IV or has come back (recurrent) and has a specific mutation in the KRAS gene, known as KRAS G12C. Mutations in this gene may cause the cancer to grow. AMG 510, a targeted treatment against the KRAS G12C mutation, may help stop the growth of tumor cells.
This phase II trial studies how well green tea catechins work in preventing progression of prostate cancer from a low risk stage to higher risk stages in men who are on active surveillance. Green tea catechins may stabilize prostate cancer and lower the chance of prostate growing.
This trial studies the implementation of web-based decision support tools for patients with atypical hyperplasia or lobular carcinoma in situ and healthcare providers. Decision support tools are designed to improve informed choice about breast cancer chemoprevention. Recognizing barriers and facilitators that can influence the adoption of decision support tools at recruitment centers may help researchers learn how to best implement them into clinical practice.
This trial studies whether the blood marker micro ribonucleic acid (miRNA) 371 can predict the chance of cancer returning in patients with germ cell cancers. Studying samples of blood from patients with germ cell cancers in the laboratory may help doctors predict how likely the cancer will come back.
This treatment protocol is designed to provide convalescent plasma as a therapeutic option for patients diagnosed with and hospitalized for COVID-19 with symptoms ranging from mild to life-threatening.
This phase II trial studies how well paclitaxel with and without nivolumab works in treating patients with soft tissue sarcoma that have not received taxane drugs, and how well nivolumab and cabozantinib work in treating taxane pretreated patients with soft tissue sarcoma. Nivolumab works through the body's immune system to help the immune system act against tumor cells. Chemotherapy drugs, such as paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Cabozantinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. This trial is being done to see if the combination of nivolumab and paclitaxel or cabozantinib can shrink soft tissue sarcoma and possibly prevent it from coming back.
Disease caused by 2019 Novel Coronavirus also known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)
This phase III ALCHEMIST trial tests the addition of pembrolizumab to usual chemotherapy for the treatment of stage IIA, IIB, IIIA or IIIB non-small cell lung cancer that has been removed by surgery. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Chemotherapy drugs, such as cisplatin, pemetrexed, carboplatin, gemcitabine hydrochloride, and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving pembrolizumab with usual chemotherapy may help increase survival times in patients with stage IIA, IIB, IIIA or IIIB non-small cell lung cancer.
This phase II trial studies how a diet intervention works in improving bowel dysfunction symptoms related in colon or rectal cancer survivors. Changing a diet may be helpful in reducing the severity of bowel symptoms, including diarrhea and constipation, and improve quality of life in colon or rectal cancer survivors and help doctors learn how to help patients better in the future.