There are about 1 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Guam. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Areca nut, also known as betel nut, is the fourth most commonly consumed psychoactive substance in the world, following only alcohol, nicotine, and caffeine in prevalence of consumption. Although betel nut is chewed by approximately 600 million people globally, its use is concentrated in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and some Pacific Islands. Betel nut has been classified as a Group 1 carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Despite the global significance and carcinogenicity of betel nut, there has been very little behavioral or psychological research about betel nut chewing, and there has been no systematic research on the topic of betel nut cessation interventions. The current intervention builds directly upon the National Institutes of Health - National Cancer Institute's U54 University of Guam/University of Hawaii Cancer Center Comprehensive Partnership to Advance Health Equity. Previous data collected through the partnership suggest that betel nut chewers, like smokers, generally want and intend to quit, but do not have specific plans of how or when they will quit. In addition, most betel nut chewers in the partnership's previous study already have tried to quit on one or more occasions. The findings suggest that betel nut chewers could benefit from cessation programs modeled after smoking cessation programs. During 2014, partnership investigators conducted a feasibility study of the betel nut cessation program. The program was well received and yielded surprisingly high rates of self-reported betel nut cessation. Specific Aim 1. To test the efficacy of an intensive group-based betel nut cessation program. Specific Aim 2. To quantitatively determine the efficacy of the group-based betel nut cessation intervention trial using bio-verification.