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NCT ID: NCT04956692 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Subcutaneous (SC) Versus Pembrolizumab Intravenous (IV) Administered With Platinum Doublet Chemotherapy in Participants With Metastatic Squamous or Nonsquamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) (MK-3475-A86)

Start date: August 5, 2021
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to evaluate pembrolizumab (MK-3475) subcutaneous (SC) administration as the first-line therapy in the treatment of metastatic squamous and nonsquamous NSCLC by assessing the pharmacokinetics (PK), safety, and efficacy of pembrolizumab SC injection in combination with standard-of-care chemotherapy. The primary hypothesis of the study is Pembrolizumab SC is noninferior to pembrolizumab intravenous (IV) for Cycle 1 Area Under Curve (AUC) and Cycle 6 minimal concentration (Ctrough) at steady state. Participants who discontinue study treatment after receiving the first course of 35 administrations of pembrolizumab (approximately up to 2 years) for reasons other than disease progression or intolerability, may be eligible for a second course of pembrolizumab for up to approximately 1 additional year if they have experienced radiographic disease progression per RECIST 1.1 as assessed by BICR after stopping first course treatment.

NCT ID: NCT04895358 Recruiting - Breast Neoplasms Clinical Trials

Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Plus Chemotherapy Versus Placebo Plus Chemotherapy for HR+/HER2- Locally Recurrent Inoperable or Metastatic Breast Cancer (MK-3475-B49/KEYNOTE-B49)

Start date: June 18, 2021
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The safety and efficacy of pembrolizumab plus the investigator's choice of chemotherapy will be assessed compared to placebo plus the investigator's choice of chemotherapy in the treatment of chemotherapy-candidate hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HR+/HER2-) locally recurrent inoperable or metastatic breast cancer. The primary hypotheses are that the combination of pembrolizumab and chemotherapy is superior to placebo and chemotherapy in regards to Progression-Free Survival (PFS) or overall survival (OS) in participants with programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) combined positive score (CPS) ≥1 and ≥10.

NCT ID: NCT04888377 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Neurodevelopmental Abnormality

ASPIRIN: Neurodevelopmental Follow-up Trial

Start date: September 2021
Phase:
Study type: Observational

A total of 620 children will be enrolled in this study from six sites in sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, and Latin America. Half of the children's mothers will have taken aspirin and half will have taken placebo. This will allow the researchers to compare results of the two groups of children and determine if children exposed antenatally to low dose aspirin will have scores on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-III (BSID-III) examination at 36 months of life (+/-3months) that are not inferior to the child's peers who were not exposed (i.e., by no more than a margin of 4 points).

NCT ID: NCT04738487 Recruiting - Lung Neoplasms Clinical Trials

Coformulation of Pembrolizumab/Vibostolimab (MK-7684A) Versus Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Monotherapy for Programmed Cell Death 1 Ligand 1 (PD-L1) Positive Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (MK-7684A-003)

Start date: April 7, 2021
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The primary hypotheses are that coformulated pembrolizumab/vibostolimab is superior to pembrolizumab alone with respect to progression-free survival (PFS) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 by blinded independent central review (BICR), and with respect to overall survival (OS), in participants with non-small cell lung cancer.

NCT ID: NCT04736706 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Carcinoma, Renal Cell

A Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in Combination With Belzutifan (MK-6482) and Lenvatinib (MK-7902), or Pembrolizumab/Quavonlimab (MK-1308A) in Combination With Lenvatinib, Versus Pembrolizumab and Lenvatinib, for Treatment of Advanced Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma (MK-6482-012)

Start date: April 14, 2021
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The goal of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab plus belzutifan plus lenvatinib or pembrolizumab/quavonlimab plus lenvatinib versus pembrolizumab plus lenvatinib as first-line treatment in participants with advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). The primary hypotheses are (1) pembrolizumab plus belzutifan plus lenvatinib is superior to pembrolizumab plus lenvatinib with respect to progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), in advanced ccRCC participants and (2) pembrolizumab/quavonlimab plus lenvatinib is superior to pembrolizumab plus lenvatinib with respect to PFS and OS, in advanced ccRCC participants.

NCT ID: NCT04662710 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Advanced/Metastatic Gastroesophageal Adenocarcinoma

Efficacy and Safety of Lenvatinib (E7080/MK-7902) Plus Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Plus Chemotherapy in Participants With Advanced/Metastatic Gastroesophageal Adenocarcinoma (MK-7902-015/E7080-G000-321/LEAP-015)

LEAP-015
Start date: December 30, 2020
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of lenvatinib (E7080/MK-7902) plus pembrolizumab (MK-3475) plus chemotherapy compared with chemotherapy alone in participants with advanced/metastatic gastroesophageal cancer. The primary study hypotheses are that lenvatinib plus pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy is superior to chemotherapy alone for both overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) as assessed by blinded independent central review (BICR), in participants with programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) Combined Positive Score (CPS) ≥1 and in all participants.

NCT ID: NCT04575597 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

Efficacy and Safety of Molnupiravir (MK-4482) in Non-Hospitalized Adult Participants With COVID-19 (MK-4482-002)

Start date: October 19, 2020
Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

This study aims to evaluate the safety, tolerability and efficacy of molnupiravir (MK-4482) compared to placebo. The primary hypothesis is that molnupiravir is superior to placebo as assessed by the percentage of participants who are hospitalized and/or die through Day 29

NCT ID: NCT04566484 Recruiting - Chikungunya Clinical Trials

Seamless Controlled Trial To Evaluate Safety And Immunogenicity of Chikungunya Vaccine in LatinAmerica and Asia

IVICHIK001
Start date: August 1, 2021
Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

This study has a Phase II with part A and part B and a Phase III with part C. This Adaptive seamless design will prospectively include planned modifications and incorporate both dose selection (parts A and B) and confirmation of the selected dose (part C) based on the accumulation of subjects' data within the entire study period as shown below. Part C will be randomized for immunogenicity subset and will be open label for safety cohort. The participants assigned to the control group from all parts (i.e, Part A, B and C) will be continuously followed up from the enrollment until the end of the study.

NCT ID: NCT04447755 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Relapsed or Refractory Solid Tumors

A Study of Lenvatinib (MK-7902) in Pediatric Participants With Relapsed or Refractory Solid Malignancies (MK-7902-013/E7080)

E7080-G000-231
Start date: July 30, 2020
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the antitumor activity and safety of Lenvatinib (MK-7902/E7080) in children, adolescents, and young adults with relapsed or refractory solid malignancies after administration. Participants will be enrolled into initial tumor-specific cohorts which will be expanded based on observed response.

NCT ID: NCT04438200 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Vitamin A Deficiency

Liver and Bone Retinol Levels in Guatemalan Adolescents and Adults

GVAS
Start date: October 24, 2019
Phase:
Study type: Observational

Guatemala has enforced mandatory fortification of sugar with vitamin A (VA) since June 1974 and has led to a highly successful reduction in VA deficiency and associated disease. However, Ribaya-Mercado et al. 2014, estimated the biological impact of sugar fortified with retinyl palmitate that there may be a risk of chronic excess intake of preformed VA associated with programs of mass fortification. A recent food consumption survey in two departments in Guatemala found the average daily sugar intake in children under the age of two who aren´t being breastfed is 30.3 g, which translates into a daily intake of 272 μg of retinol (almost the full estimated average requirement (EAR) for that age group). Since data from the second National Survey on Micronutrients suggest a risk of VA toxicity, it is important to determine the levels of hepatic VA directly in corpses of individuals, of all ages, who have died of non-metabolic causes. Due to this, the investigators propose to assess liver and bone VA levels in combination with gene expression, histopathology and biochemical analyses, to elicit indications of hypervitaminosis A in Guatemala.