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NCT ID: NCT05130632 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Environmental Exposure

Plastic Waste and Human Health Effects in Guatemala

Start date: January 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The goal of this cluster-randomized trial in rural Guatemala is to assess intervention strategies to reduce plastic burning in 8 intervention villages compared to 8 control villages. The intervention group participants will participate in 12 weekly behavioral working group sessions; the control group will not receive any specific activities. Two hundred women of reproductive age as well as other community members from these villages will be enrolled in each group. The follow-up period is 12 months. A Community Advisory Board will be formed in order to provide input on study activities, evaluate working group intervention strategies, and discuss the potential to expand activities regionally. Data will be collected via interviews, focus groups, air pollution sampling, plastic waste collection, urinary biomarker assessments, and ambient air sampling. Program evaluation and results dissemination will occur in the last year of the project.

NCT ID: NCT04961996 Recruiting - Early Breast Cancer Clinical Trials

A Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Adjuvant Giredestrant Compared With Physician's Choice of Adjuvant Endocrine Monotherapy in Participants With Estrogen Receptor-Positive, HER2-Negative Early Breast Cancer (lidERA Breast Cancer)

Start date: August 27, 2021
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

This is a Phase III, global, randomized, open-label, multicenter, study evaluating the efficacy and safety of adjuvant giredestrant compared with endocrine therapy of physician's choice in participants with medium- and high-risk Stage I-III histologically confirmed estrogen receptor (ER)-positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative early breast cancer.

NCT ID: NCT04956692 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Subcutaneous (SC) Versus Pembrolizumab Intravenous (IV) Administered With Platinum Doublet Chemotherapy in Participants With Metastatic Squamous or Nonsquamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) (MK-3475-A86)

Start date: August 5, 2021
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to evaluate pembrolizumab (MK-3475) subcutaneous (SC) administration as the first-line therapy in the treatment of metastatic squamous and nonsquamous NSCLC by assessing the pharmacokinetics (PK), safety, and efficacy of pembrolizumab SC injection in combination with standard-of-care chemotherapy. The primary hypothesis of the study is Pembrolizumab SC is noninferior to pembrolizumab intravenous (IV) for Cycle 1 Area Under Curve (AUC) and Cycle 6 minimal concentration (Ctrough) at steady state. Participants who discontinue study treatment after receiving the first course of 35 administrations of pembrolizumab (approximately up to 2 years) for reasons other than disease progression or intolerability, may be eligible for a second course of pembrolizumab for up to approximately 1 additional year if they have experienced radiographic disease progression per RECIST 1.1 as assessed by BICR after stopping first course treatment.

NCT ID: NCT04949256 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Metastatic Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Efficacy and Safety of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Plus Lenvatinib (E7080/MK-7902) Plus Chemotherapy in Participants With Metastatic Esophageal Carcinoma (MK-7902-014/E7080-G000-320/LEAP-014)

Start date: July 28, 2021
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab plus lenvatinib plus chemotherapy compared with pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy as first-line intervention in participants with metastatic esophageal carcinoma The primary hypotheses are that pembrolizumab plus lenvatinib plus chemotherapy is superior to pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy with respect to overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) by blinded independent central review (BICR).

NCT ID: NCT04939428 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

Study of MK-4482 for Prevention of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Adults (MK-4482-013)

MOVe-AHEAD
Start date: August 11, 2021
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The primary objectives of this phase 3, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study are to determine the efficacy, and safety/tolerability, of molnupiravir (MK-4482) in adults who reside with a person infected with COVID-19. It is hypothesized that molnupiravir is superior to placebo in preventing laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 infection through Day 14 in participants (regardless of baseline viral test result) who do not have confirmed or suspected COVID-19 at time of screening and randomization.

NCT ID: NCT04895358 Recruiting - Breast Neoplasms Clinical Trials

Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Plus Chemotherapy Versus Placebo Plus Chemotherapy for HR+/HER2- Locally Recurrent Inoperable or Metastatic Breast Cancer (MK-3475-B49/KEYNOTE-B49)

Start date: June 18, 2021
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The safety and efficacy of pembrolizumab plus the investigator's choice of chemotherapy will be assessed compared to placebo plus the investigator's choice of chemotherapy in the treatment of chemotherapy-candidate hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HR+/HER2-) locally recurrent inoperable or metastatic breast cancer. The primary hypotheses are that the combination of pembrolizumab and chemotherapy is superior to placebo and chemotherapy in regards to Progression-Free Survival (PFS) or overall survival (OS) in participants with programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) combined positive score (CPS) ≥1 and ≥10.

NCT ID: NCT04888377 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Neurodevelopmental Abnormality

ASPIRIN: Neurodevelopmental Follow-up Trial

Start date: September 1, 2021
Phase:
Study type: Observational

A total of 620 children will be enrolled in this study from six sites in sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, and Latin America. Half of the children's mothers will have taken aspirin and half will have taken placebo. This will allow the researchers to compare results of the two groups of children and determine if children exposed antenatally to low dose aspirin will have scores on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-III (BSID-III) examination at 36 months of life (+/-3months) that are not inferior to the child's peers who were not exposed (i.e., by no more than a margin of 4 points).

NCT ID: NCT04738487 Recruiting - Lung Neoplasms Clinical Trials

Coformulation of Pembrolizumab/Vibostolimab (MK-7684A) Versus Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Monotherapy for Programmed Cell Death 1 Ligand 1 (PD-L1) Positive Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (MK-7684A-003)

Start date: April 7, 2021
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The primary hypotheses are that coformulated pembrolizumab/vibostolimab is superior to pembrolizumab alone with respect to progression-free survival (PFS) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 by blinded independent central review (BICR), and with respect to overall survival (OS), in participants with non-small cell lung cancer.

NCT ID: NCT04736706 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Carcinoma, Renal Cell

A Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in Combination With Belzutifan (MK-6482) and Lenvatinib (MK-7902), or Pembrolizumab/Quavonlimab (MK-1308A) in Combination With Lenvatinib, Versus Pembrolizumab and Lenvatinib, for Treatment of Advanced Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma (MK-6482-012)

Start date: April 14, 2021
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The goal of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab plus belzutifan plus lenvatinib or pembrolizumab/quavonlimab plus lenvatinib versus pembrolizumab plus lenvatinib as first-line treatment in participants with advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). The primary hypotheses are (1) pembrolizumab plus belzutifan plus lenvatinib is superior to pembrolizumab plus lenvatinib with respect to progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), in advanced ccRCC participants and (2) pembrolizumab/quavonlimab plus lenvatinib is superior to pembrolizumab plus lenvatinib with respect to PFS and OS, in advanced ccRCC participants.

NCT ID: NCT04662710 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Advanced/Metastatic Gastroesophageal Adenocarcinoma

Efficacy and Safety of Lenvatinib (E7080/MK-7902) Plus Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Plus Chemotherapy in Participants With Advanced/Metastatic Gastroesophageal Adenocarcinoma (MK-7902-015/E7080-G000-321/LEAP-015)

LEAP-015
Start date: December 30, 2020
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of lenvatinib (E7080/MK-7902) plus pembrolizumab (MK-3475) plus chemotherapy compared with chemotherapy alone in participants with advanced/metastatic gastroesophageal cancer. The primary study hypotheses are that lenvatinib plus pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy is superior to chemotherapy alone for both overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) as assessed by blinded independent central review (BICR), in participants with programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) Combined Positive Score (CPS) ≥1 and in all participants.