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NCT ID: NCT05466630 Recruiting - Sleeping Sickness Clinical Trials

Prospective Evaluation of the Specificity of Serological Tests for Human African Trypanosomiasis

Start date: June 20, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This study evaluates and compares the diagnostic specificity of 5 serological field tests for screening of the population at risk for human African trypanosomiasis due to Trypanosoma brucei gambiense.

NCT ID: NCT05453253 Recruiting - Cholera Clinical Trials

Immune Response to a Delayed Second Dose of Oral Cholera Vaccine

Start date: July 20, 2022
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

Immune response to a delayed second dose of oral cholera vaccine A randomized, controlled, non-inferiority immunogenicity trial in Conakry, The Republic of Guinea

NCT ID: NCT05409300 Recruiting - COVID-19 Clinical Trials

Evaluation of the Immunogenicity and Safety of Sputnik V and BBIBP-CorV Vaccines for COVID-19 in Adult in Guinea

Start date: April 25, 2022
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

Phase II, non-randomized, open-label, comparative, single center national trial in Guinea, aimed to assess the humoral vaccine immune response induced by BBIBP-CorV or Sputnik V vaccines in 400 adults aged between 18 and 45 years or 55 or older (200 participants for each vaccine), one month after receiving the complete COVID-19 vaccination schedule.

NCT ID: NCT05256017 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Trypanosomiasis, African

Safety and Tolerability Study of Acoziborole in g-HAT Seropositive Subjects

Start date: December 30, 2021
Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

Acoziborole as an oral, single-dose treatment was studied in an open-label pivotal Phase II/III trial (DNDi-OXA-02-HAT) in DRC and Guinea. The safety and efficacy results on g-HAT confirmed cases (all disease stages) from the pivotal study provided data, that allows to envision the treatment of confirmed g-HAT cases but there is still a gap in the management of g-HAT seropositive non-parasitologically confirmed individuals. Indeed, the standard g-HAT case definition implies the demonstration of the parasite in any body fluid via microscopy. However, there are factors such as low parasitaemia and the complexity and low sensitivity of parasitological methods that make such demonstration difficult. It has been demonstrated that a variable proportion (mainly depending on the prevalence) of such g-HAT "sero-suspects" are confirmed cases and, therefore, remaining as potential reservoirs of the parasite and a source of new infections hindering the efforts to eliminate the disease. The present clinical trial intends to expand the safety data of acoziborole and complement the safety profile obtained from the pivotal trial by assessing the safety and tolerability of a single dose of acoziborole compared with placebo in seropositive individuals who are not confirmed parasitologically. In addition to this study, an exploratory sub-study named 'TrypSkin' is planned to assess the presence of extravascular dermal T.b. gambiense in the population enrolled.

NCT ID: NCT05202288 Not yet recruiting - Ebola Virus Disease Clinical Trials

Pilot Study Evaluating the Impact of Delay Between Administration of Inmazeb Administration and Vaccination by Ervebo on Vaccine Immune Response on Healthy Volunteers

Start date: March 2022
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

Ebola virus disease (EVD) is emerging regularly in various African countries for various reasons: during contact with mortal remains, during an unsafe burial or following the viral dissemination around a recovered patient. However, tools to fight the spread of the disease are being made available to countries affected by MVE. A vaccine (Ervebo), developed by the Merck laboratory, demonstrated its efficacy in protecting contacts and contacts of contacts in the "Ebola That's Enough" trial and two monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) have demonstrated their efficacy in reducing mortality in patients with EVM: REGN-E3B and Mab114. The question of their use in post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), defined as the treatment of contacts at very high risk of contracting EVD, is essential. Vaccination with Ervebo alone does not appear to be a good option for PEP, particularly because antibody synthesis is delayed, and the vaccine is likely to be inactive for 10 days after administration. Monoclonal antibodies, on the other hand, seem to be a promising avenue in this indication because of their rapid action on the inhibition of virus entry into the cell. Moreover, Ervebo vaccine and monoclonal antibodies share the same viral target. It is therefore possible that the vaccine is inhibited by the monoclonal antibodies, particularly in the case of concomitant administration. However, no data on vaccine efficacy in combination are available. The question of the interaction between the monoclonal antibody and Ervebo and the delay between the administration of these two strategies remains unresolved. The hypothesis of this trial is that Ervebo vaccine efficacy is diminished with the concomitant administration of a monoclonal antibody, especially if this administration is close (short time between Mabs and vaccination). We hypothesize that with an optimal delay between Mabs and vaccination, the immunogenicity of the vaccine combined with monoclonal antibodies could be non-inferior to the vaccine alone, thus providing optimal short and long term protection. The primary objective of this study is to compare the vaccine immune response at 24 weeks induced by Ervebo administered on the same day (D0) or at S3, S6, or S12 of Inmazeb administration, in healthy volunteers, with vaccination with Ervebo alone. The trial will have 5 arms. The control arm (vaccination alone) will serve as a comparator of vaccine response in the intervention arms. The 4 intervention arms will assess the minimum time between Mab and vaccination.

NCT ID: NCT05096091 Active, not recruiting - COVID-19 Clinical Trials

International Study on COVID-19 Vaccine to Assess Immunogenicity, Reactogenicity and Efficacy (InVITE)

Start date: August 16, 2021
Study type: Observational

InVITE is funded by NIAID and is conducted in multiple international sites (approximately 20 sites across 7 countries). This is a study of adults who receive locally available COVID-19 vaccines through local vaccination programs. Persons will be enrolled within one day (before or after) of receipt of a COVID-19 vaccine. The study will enroll participants who receive COVID-19 vaccination at local clinics and/or study sites.

NCT ID: NCT04920838 Recruiting - Covid19 Clinical Trials

Early Treatment of Vulnerable Individuals With Non-Severe SARS-CoV-2 Infection

Start date: April 12, 2021
Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

Coverage Africa is a nested study in the large Anticov platform trial that aims to generate data on new early treatment strategies for mild/moderate COVID-19 patients in resource-limited-settings to reduce the number progressing to severe forms requiring hospitalization, thereby relieving the burden on health care systems and contributing to "flattening the curve" in contexts where none pharmaceutical intervention such as quarantine are difficult to implement in large urban settings. Treating early when the virus is still present might also limit transmission. Coverage Africa will be conducted in Guinea and Burkina Faso. The main objective is to conduct an open-label, multicenter, randomized, adaptive platform trial to test the safety and efficacy of several marketed products, including antiviral therapies versus control in mild/moderate of coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) in resource-limited-settings. The study aims to recruit 600 patients in both countries, one site in Guinea and two sites in Burkina Faso. The current assessed treatments are now the association of Fluoxétine/Budésonide compared with a control arm: paracetamol. The adaptive design trial will allow for the removal of drugs, or the addition of new study arms when new data becomes available. Data on the primary efficacy parameters and safety will be integrated with the primary endpoint based on an oxygen saturation percentage (SpO2) ≤ 93% or death within 14 days after randomization to treatment, including death for any reason. Study will run until August 2022. However, with the proposed adaptive design, the study could also be interrupted for success earlier than planned with the identification of a treatment that significantly reduces hospitalization rate as evidence by results from the primary endpoint.

NCT ID: NCT04912284 Completed - Covid19 Clinical Trials

Africa COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy

Start date: May 5, 2021
Study type: Observational

Vaccine hesitancy is defined by the WHO's Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization as a 'delay in acceptance or refusal of vaccination despite availability of vaccination services'. This varies in form and intensity based on when and where it occurs and what vaccine is involved. Several prophylactic vaccines against COVID-19 are currently available. As the world is beginning the roll-out the first approved vaccines, little is known about people's potential acceptance of a COVID-19 vaccine in most of the African countries. ACHES (African COVID -19Vaccine Hesitancy) is an observational study aimed at measuring COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in five west African countries and exploring causes behind the hesitancy with the main objective of informing guidelines for the proficient roll-out of the vaccines in the region.

NCT ID: NCT04885543 Completed - Covid19 Clinical Trials

COVID-19 STAndard of Care in Sub-Saharan Africa

Start date: March 1, 2020
Study type: Observational

This study was conducted in three African countries on four COVID-19 care centers (CCCs). The CCCs were set up in collaboration with a medical NGO with long experience in recording and monitoring data for cohorts and clinical trials in emergency contexts. The data were recorded using the WHO COVID-19 rapid core case report form.

NCT ID: NCT04822376 Not yet recruiting - Ebola Virus Disease Clinical Trials

Prophylaxis Vaccine Antibodies Ebola

Start date: October 17, 2021
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

- Three measures are currently being implemented to control Ebola outbreaks: - Monitoring of contacts - Isolation and treatment of sick people - Vaccination of the population in high-risk areas. - In contacts with high viral exposure and therefore a high risk of incubation and rapid expression of infection, the r-VSV-ZEBOV vaccine does not provide adequate protection because vaccine antibody production is effective 6 to 10 days after administration. - Specific monoclonal antibodies (Mab) from the Regeneron and mAb114 research specialties have been shown to be effective in reducing mortality in patients with Ebola virus disease (EVD). - Their use in a single parenteral administration and good tolerability make them candidates for use in post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) in individuals at high risk of viral exposure. - A comprehensive strategy for the protection of high-risk contacts must therefore be implemented, including the vaccine and the Mabs, to ensure both immediate and prolonged protection. Indeed, the efficacy of the vaccine is likely to be diminished when co-administered with Mabs, as both strategies share the same viral target (the GP envelope glycoprotein) and the vaccine is replicative (and therefore may be inhibited by Mabs). PROVAE aim to evaluate the effectiveness of a comprehensive strategy to prevent transmission of MVE in contacts at high risk of infection, including (i) post-exposure prophylaxis with Mabs and (ii) vaccination with r-VSV-ZEBOV.