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NCT ID: NCT03642704 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Mother to Child HIV Transmission

HIV Diagnosis and Treatment at Birth for Newborn With High Risk HIV Exposure

DIAVINA
Start date: February 22, 2017
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

Principal objective Assess the operational efficacy of a strategy combining early diagnosis and preventive antiretroviral treatment systematically reinforced from the birth* among infants at high risk of infection with HIV** . - in a maximum of 48 hours after delivery - born from HIV infected mothers who received less than 4 weeks of antiretroviral therapy prior delivery and / or HIV infection diagnosed at delivery Intervention, a combined strategy : After positive HIV infection screening from mother in the delivery room and put on antiretroviral treatment of mothers with post partum according to national guidelines , newborns benefit : - Early detection of HIV infection at birth - Without awaiting the outcome of early detection result, a preventive reinforced antiretroviral treatment (zidovudine, lamivudine, nevirapine or zidovudine, lamivudine if their mother is infected with HIV-2), from birth for 12 weeks. - Regular HIV screening until the end of breastfeeding or later to 18 months. - In case of positive results of an HIV test, an antiretroviral treatment with zidovudine, lamivudine, lopinavir, ritonavir whatever serology HIV 1 or 2.

NCT ID: NCT03356665 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Sleeping Sickness; West African

Diagnostic Tools for Human African Trypanosomiasis Elimination and Clinical Trials: WP2 Passive Case Detection

DiTECT-WP2
Start date: August 1, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The study determines the diagnostic performance and cost of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) performed on human African trypanosomiasis clinical suspects in peripheral health centres, whether or not followed by serological and/or molecular tests on dried blood spots done at regional reference centres

NCT ID: NCT03303963 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant

DIAgnostics for Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis in Africa

DIAMA
Start date: May 4, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

Recent advances in molecular diagnostics of tuberculosis, especially the GeneXpert Mycobacterium tuberculosis/Rifampicin test have reduced the time to diagnose Rifampicin Resistant Tuberculosis (RR-TB) but only rifampicin resistance is diagnosed, leading to presumptive diagnosis of resistance to isoniazid and maybe other drugs. Thus in low and middle income countries, most drug sensitivity testing relies on phenotypic drug resistance testing, which takes up to 4 months. In addition, currently, culture on monthly sputum samples is recommended by the World Health Organization for follow-up of Rifampicin Resistant Tuberculosis patients under treatment. Unfortunately, culture is often not locally available and samples need to be transported from field to culture laboratories. The associated transport delays lead to high rates of contamination and false negative culture, particularly in laboratories in low resource settings. Many gaps for the diagnosis and management of RR-TB patients still need to be addressed and the DIAMA project (DIAgnostics for Multidrug resistant tuberculosis in Africa) study aims to address some of them.

NCT ID: NCT03231449 Active, not recruiting - Stroke Clinical Trials

A Survey of Hospitalizations in Cardiology Units in Sub-Saharan Africa

FEVRIER
Start date: February 1, 2017
Phase:
Study type: Observational

FEVRIER study is an observatory of hospitalizations in cardiology units in sub-Saharan Africa.

NCT ID: NCT03087955 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Trypanosomiasis, African

Prospective Study on Efficacy and Safety of SCYX-7158 in Patients Infected by Human African Trypanosomiasis Due to T.b. Gambiense

OXA002
Start date: October 11, 2016
Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The goal of this study is to assess efficacy and safety of SCYX-7158 given as a single dose oral treatment for adult patients (above or equal 15) in the fasting state with T.b. Gambiense HAT

NCT ID: NCT03072030 Recruiting - Prevention Clinical Trials

International Multicenter Study of the Immunogenicity of Medicinal Product GamEvac-Combi

Start date: August 3, 2017
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to evaluate immunogenicity, epidemiological efficacy and safety of medicinal product GamEvac-Combi - Combined Vector-Based Vaccine against Ebola Virus Disease, 0.5 ml+0.5 ml/dose

NCT ID: NCT03025789 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Trypanosomiasis, African

Fexinidazole in Human African Trypanosomiasis Due to T.b. Gambiense at Any Stage

Start date: November 2016
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

This study evaluates the effectiveness of fexinidazole administered to patients with g-HAT at all stages of the disease. The aim of the present study is to provide additional information on the effectiveness and safety of fexinidazole and to assess its use under conditions as close as possible to those in real life, both in patients treated on an out-patient basis and in the hospital setting, depending on clinical status

NCT ID: NCT03017872 Recruiting - HIV Infections Clinical Trials

Dolutegravir and Darunavir Evaluation in Adults Failing Therapy

D²EFT
Start date: November 23, 2017
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

D²EFT is a randomised, open-label study in HIV-1 infected patients failing first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART). The study compares 2 regimens of second-line ART (dolutegravir and darunavir pharmaco-enhanced with ritonavir and dolutegravir and 2 prespecified NRTIs) with the WHO recommended regimen of 2NRTIs plus a ritonavir-boosted PI (Standard of Care (SOC)). 1,010 participants from 14 predominantly low-middle income countries will be followed for 96 weeks with the primary endpoint at week 48. The design is based on the hypothesis that one or both of the new regimens will be non-inferior to SOC in terms of virologic control while being easier to take, economically viable and affording simplification of treatment programs.

NCT ID: NCT02876328 Recruiting - Ebola Virus Disease Clinical Trials

Partnership for Research on Ebola VACcinations

PREVAC
Start date: March 31, 2017
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of three vaccine strategies that may prevent Ebola virus disease (EVD) events in children and adults. Participants will receive either the Ad26.ZEBOV (rHAd26) vaccine with a MVA-BN-Filo (MVA) boost, or the rVSVĪ”G-ZEBOV-GP (rVSV) vaccine with or without boosting, or placebo.

NCT ID: NCT02818582 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Persistent Ebola Virus

GS-5734 to Assess the Antiviral Activity, Longer-Term Clearance of Ebola Virus, and Safety in Male Ebola Survivors With Evidence of Ebola Virus Persistence in Semen

Start date: June 28, 2016
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

Background: Some people have Ebola virus in their body for months after they recover from Ebola virus disease. Some may have health problems from the virus while others are fine. These people may be able to pass the virus to others. There are currently no drugs for people who have survived Ebola virus disease but still have the virus in their body. A new drug, GS-5734, might help get rid of Ebola virus in semen. Objective: To test if GS-5734 helps get rid of Ebola virus in semen and is safe for humans. Eligibility: Men who participated in the Ebola survivor study (PREVAIL III) and have evidence of the Ebola virus in their semen Design: Participants will be screened with: Questions Physical exam Eye exam Blood tests 2 semen samples if they have not had it tested recently Participants must live near the study site in Liberia for 6 months. Participants will be put into 1 of 2 study groups. They will have an infusion of either GS-5734 or a placebo every day for 5 days. A plastic tube is put into an arm vein. The infusion lasts 1 hour. Participants will be observed for 1 hour after. They will provide a semen sample on infusion day 4. After the infusions, participants will have 5 visits in the first month, then 1 per month for 5 more months. These include giving a blood and semen sample. Blood tests are performed before and after each infusion and the last visit (5 month visit) will also include an eye exam. When the study is over, if the study drug works and is safe, participants who got the placebo can get the study drug.