There are about 216 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Ghana. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
This will be the first, definitive, randomized control trial (N=424) to test the hypothesis that the Jada® System is effective, safe and cost-effective in treating PPH, compared to standard care.
The purpose of this implementation science study is to generate evidence that informs the successful uptake and adoption of the Ellavi UBT within Ghana's PPH management programs. The investigators aim to improve the likelihood that the Ellavi UBT will be integrated into the health care system by obtaining critical feedback from stakeholders and health care providers on the barriers and facilitators towards its successful adoption and roll out. The research will be done in three purposively selected facilities near Accra Ghana: Tema General Hospital, Ridge Hospital, and Kasoa Polyclinic. This study uses a nonexperimental design to collect data on implementation (e.g. # staff trained, usability, user confidence, acceptability, feasibility). The study team will train all obstetric healthcare staff (i.e. obstetricians, midwives, medical officers, clinical officers) involved in PPH management at the 3 participating healthcare facilities on the Ellavi UBT. The investigators will gather feedback from the obstetric healthcare workers (post-training and post-PPH) to understand the barriers to and facilitators of use in order to evaluate acceptability and feasibility among facilities providing different levels of care (level 4, level 5 (county), level 6 (tertiary)). This process will help to generate training and facility level recommendations for improved uptake and integration into the local maternal care package. Case report forms and semi-quantitative surveys will be completed by obstetrical care providers to evaluate the primary outcomes of acceptability and feasibility by measuring: context of use, accuracy of use, perceptions of the device, user confidence, acceptability, usability, facilitators of use, barriers to use, use-patterns, and insights into training effectiveness. The secondary outcomes will include financial data to determine the cost of introducing the Ellavi UBT into the Kenyan PPH management protocols and the health system. The study will not involve the storage of biological samples. There is not a direct benefit of the study to the individual participants. All study participants will sign consent forms.
The purpose of this project is to test and evaluate an innovative postpartum care, education, and support model that integrates recommended clinical care, education, and support for women in a group setting. Aim 1. Develop an innovative integrated group postpartum care, education, and support model entitled Focused-PPC for postpartum women up to one year after delivery. Aim 2. Implement and evaluate this integrated postpartum care model entitled Focused-PPC in a parallel randomized controlled trial with 192 postpartum women at 4 health centers in Tamale, Ghana.
Autoinflammatory diseases (AID) are clinical entities characterized by recurrent inflammatory attacks in absence of infection, neoplasm or deregulation of the adaptive immune system. Among them, hereditary periodic syndromes, also known as monogenic AID, represent the prototype of this disease group, caused by mutations in genes involved in the regulation of innate immunity, inflammation and cell death. Based on recent experimental acquisitions in the field of monogenic AID, several immunologic disorders have been reclassified as polygenic/multifactorial AID, sharing pathogenetic and clinical features with hereditary periodic fevers. This has paved the way to new treatment targets for patients suffering from rare diseases of unknown origin, including Behçet's disease, Still disease, Schnitzler's disease, PFAPA (periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis) syndrome, chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO), non-infectious uveitis and scleritis. Gathering information on such rare conditions is made difficult by the small number of patients, along with the difficulty of obtaining an accurate diagnosis in non-specialized clinical settings. In this context, the AIDA project promotes international collaboration among clinical centres to develop a permanent registry aimed at collecting demographic, genetic, clinical and therapeutic data of patients affected by monogenic and polygenic AID, in order to expand the current knowledge of these rare conditions.
The trial evaluates safety, tolerability, pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, dose-response, and efficacy of emodepside tablets, administrated as a range of dose regimens, in adults infected with Onchocerca Volvulus.
Background: Micronutrient (MN) deficiencies are severe and widespread in West Africa, particularly among young children and women of reproductive age. Bouillon is a promising food fortification vehicle because the product is centrally processed on large scale, consumed by most households in West African countries (even rural, poor households), and consumed by most members of the household in relatively constant amounts. However, several important research questions remain regarding whether the use of fortified bouillon would be feasible and effective for preventing or reducing micronutrient deficiencies in communities where such deficiencies are common. Specifically, no studies have assessed the impacts of multiple micronutrient-fortified bouillon on micronutrient status. The West Africa Condiment Micronutrient Innovation Trial (CoMIT) Project aims to address this gap, to inform future discussions around fortification of bouillon cubes and related products. Objective: This study aims to assess the impacts of household use of multiple micronutrient-fortified bouillon cubes (containing iodine in addition to vitamin A, folic acid, vitamin B12, iron, and zinc), compared to control bouillon cubes fortified with iodine only, on: 1. Micronutrient status among women 15-49 years of age and children 2-5 years of age after 9 months of intervention 2. Hemoglobin concentrations among women 15-49 years of age and children 2-5 years of age after 9 months of intervention 3. Breast milk micronutrient concentrations among lactating women 4-18 months postpartum after 3 months of intervention Methods: This randomized, controlled doubly-masked trial will be conducted in the Kumbungu and Tolon districts in the Northern Region of Ghana, where prior data indicate that deficiencies in the selected nutrients are common. Potential participants will be: 1) non-pregnant non-lactating women of reproductive age (15 - 49 years old), 2) children 2-5 years of age, and 3) non-pregnant lactating women 4-18 months postpartum. Eligible participants will be randomly assigned to receive household rations of one of two types of bouillon cubes: 1. a multiple micronutrient-fortified bouillon cube containing vitamin A, folic acid, vitamin B12, iron, zinc, and iodine, or 2. a control cube containing iodine only Each participant's household will receive a specific amount of bouillon cube every 2 weeks, and households will be advised to prepare their meals as usual, using the study-provided cubes. The trial duration will be 9 months (38 weeks) for non-pregnant, non-lactating women and children 2-5 years of age, and 3 months (12 weeks) for lactating women. The primary outcomes will be changes from baseline to endline in concentrations of haemoglobin and biomarkers of micronutrient status. Secondary outcomes will include change in prevalence of anaemia and micronutrient deficiency; dietary intake of bouillon and micronutrients; inflammation, malaria, and morbidity symptoms; and children's anthropometric measures and child development.
This study aims to evaluate the acceptability of bouillon cubes fortified with six micronutrients for which deficiency is common among women and children in Ghana and to assess the feasibility and reliability of data collection methods to be used in a planned, more detailed study to evaluate the effect of multiple micronutrient (MN)-fortified bouillon cube on biomarkers of nutrient status, health and development of women and children.
To implement an effective but low-cost strategy to decrease SCD maternal and perinatal mortality in Ghana. The objectives are to 1) assess the impact of a multidisciplinary SCD-obstetric team for decreasing mortality across three hospital sites in Ghana. 2) assess the implementation fidelity for 2a) preventing and 2b) treating acute chest syndrome in pregnant women with SCD admitted to the hospital. 3) standardize an ultrasound protocol for the prospective monitoring of fetal growth among pregnant women with SCD.
The ongoing Malaria Vaccine Pilot Evaluation (MVPE) is being conducted in Ghana, Malawi and Kenya through community and sentinel hospital surveillance systems and a series of household surveys (to measure vaccine coverage). The Malaria Vaccine Pilot Evaluation-Case Control (MVPE-CC) registered here as observational study is embedded within MVPE comprising case-control studies of clinical and mortality outcomes. Each case will require four controls, and caregiver informed consent will be required prior to study activities. These observational case control studies will measure as complementary information to what is being collected through MVPE: 1. Safety among children who received the malaria vaccine, with focus on cerebral malaria, meningitis and severe malaria 2. The impact of the malaria vaccine on all-cause mortality for boys and girls, AND 3. Promote use of case-control approaches by Expanded Programmes on Immunization (EPI) and malaria control programmes.
The overall aim of the research is to conduct a randomised controlled trial of KOKOPlus in young HIV exposed children attending HIV clinics in Accra, Ghana to test the effectiveness of KOKOPlus over a period of 6 months to improve nutritional status and child development in HIV exposed children 6-18 months of age in Accra