There are about 28 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in French Guiana. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Research Involving the Non-Interventional Human Subject (RIPH category 3). Non-interventional, cross-sectional, multicentre, descriptive and analytical epidemiological study. A cross-sectional, pseudo-anonymous questionnaire focusing on entry and retention in care will be administered to a sample of PLHIV presenting for consultation in one of the GHT hospitals over a 12-month period. A sample of 300 PHAs is envisaged to have sufficient power to highlight the main factors associated with periods of loss of sight. Main objective: - To identify factors associated with loss of sight for more than 12 months among people living with HIV in Guyana Secondary objectives: - To identify factors associated with a delay in the introduction of ARVs among PLHIV in Guyana - To describe the perception of the quality of the announcement of the diagnosis of HIV - To describe the difficulties encountered by PLHIV during their hospital follow-up in French Guyana - To assess the perceived stigma associated with HIV and its consequences in daily life
French Guiana, a French territory located in South America, faces several social challenges including financial insecurity, unemployment and significant immigration. The degraded living conditions of migrants arriving in the territory are likely to put them in a situation of sexual vulnerability that could increase their risk of acquiring HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). This study proposes to conduct a survey of a group of people living with HIV in French Guiana who were born in Haiti and a group of Haitian people who are not HIV positive. With the help of interviewers who speak Haitian Creole, it will allow us to better understand the life paths of people from Haiti and their periods of vulnerability. Investigators will also focus on the use of testing and retention in care for those living with HIV. The results of this work will allow for the mobilization of resources and better adjustment of social support, prevention and care interventions implemented in French Guiana for migrant populations and/or those in precarious situations.
The main objective of the present study is the genotyping of M. leprae strains found in leprosy patients in French Guiana. The secondary objectives are to investigate the presence of M. lepromatosis in these patients, the molecular research of M. leprae resistance to anti-leprosy antibiotics, the study of risk factors for leprosy in humans in Guyana and in particular direct or indirect contact with armadillos, as well as the determination of phylogenetic links between the M. leprae strains found in French Guiana, and with the regional and world reference strains Epidemiology of leprosy in French Guiana.
It is a randomized, controlled, open-label, parallel group study of 3 arms, among patients followed for chronic HIV infection at Cayenne hospital. The main objective of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of follow-up of these patients by teleconsultation associated or not with health mediation.
Multicenter observational study of diagnostic test validation (Research Involving the Human Person, type 3) In addition to the diagnosis by the reference method (nasopharyngeal swab), the patient will be asked to provide a saliva sample via a salivary spit. The clinical circumstances of the diagnosis, the age of the patient, the associated terrain (diabetes, immunodepression, pregnancy) will be noted. The nasopharyngeal and saliva samples will be analyzed in Cayenne and the remaining samples will be frozen and stored at the CRB before being sent to the University Hospital of Caen for analysis and concordance verification. The expected benefits are: Possibility of repeating tests in the same person more easily due to the absence of pain and thus reduce the barriers to diagnosis and screening. Possibility of self-sampling, which could simply be sent to the laboratory, which would relieve the diagnostic sites that mobilize staff and require a fairly heavy organization. Avoid long waiting lines that can be an obstacle and lead to a renunciation of the diagnosis.
Micronutrient deficiencies are frequent in pregnant women in French Guiana, a French territory in South America. Micronutrient deficiencies are more frequent in precarious women. Obesity is a frequent problem but it is also associated with micronutrient deficiency. Micronutrient deficiencies have largely been overlooked in this outermost European region and should be corrected.
MaHeVi is a multicenter, cross-sectional, population-based study which will include 2500 adults in the health care centers / missions located on the 2 sides of the Maroni River. All major inhabitants of the river border between French Guiana and Suriname may participate, after an extensive communication campaign.The main objective is to estimate the prevalence and status of infection with hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), D (VHD) and HIV in the general adult population of the Maroni River, border between French Guiana and Suriname. After signing the informed consent and pre-test counseling, capillary blood will be collected on blotting paper. Participants will be interviewed on infection risk factors. Positivity for HBsAg, total anti-HBcAb, anti-HCV Ab, total anti-HDV Ab(for HBsAg positive) and HIV p24 Ag or anti-HIV Ab (confirmed by molecular biology for hepatitis and Western Blot for HIV) will inform respectively on the HBV, HCV, HDV and HIV infection status.
Symptomatic dengue virus infection in pregnant women could affect the mother, fetus and the newborn at birth. The risks of postpartum hemorrhage, prematurity and low birth weight are increased in dengue fever. Cases of vertical transmission have been described. This study therefore proposes to quantify these risks in a pregnant woman presenting a clinical picture of dengue fever through a prospective, longitudinal and comparative study.
Scabies is a Neglected Tropical Disease, particularly important in autochthonous populations. Treatment failures could explain the high prevalence of this disease in Amerindian and Maroon populations of French Guiana. Our main objective is to look for specific sociodemographic risk factors for treatment failure of scabies in the remote areas of French Guiana. A secondary objective is to evaluate the prevalence of scabies and its complications.
The objective of this study is to specify the typology of CVA in French Guiana by prospectively comparing consecutive strokes observed at each of the three study sites (Cayenne, Tours, Besançon)