There are about 55 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Gabon. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Malaria, schistosomiasis and ancylostomiasis are three parasitic diseases which affect hundreds of millions of people and are an important cause of global mortality and morbidity. For the control of these poverty related parasitic diseases, and to complement chemotherapeutic strategies, accurate and accessible diagnostic procedures play a crucial role. In recent years, innovative smart mobile technologies have been applied for detection and identification of cultured parasite species, which is basically based on sample imaging and parasite morphology identification. Promising advances have been made with this technology and coupled with its small size, low cost and easy to manipulate, makes it suitable for point of care diagnostics in low resource setting. The aim of the proposed explorative study is to further validate sensitivity and specificity of each of the developed devices, using besides microscopy a range of more advanced reference tests.
The trial is designed as a phase III, double-blind, multicenter, randomized, single administration, active-controlled, parallel-group design with two groups of newborn infants receiving either VPM1002 or BCG SII (1:1 allocation) to assess the efficacy, safety and immunogenicity of VPM1002 against Mtb infection.
Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) infections are common in subtropics and mostly affect the poorest communities, with an impact on human health in many parts of the world. In 2017, World Health organization (WHO) reports more than 1.5 billion people are infected with soil-transmitted helminths worldwide, including 568 million school-age children who need treatment and preventive interventions. Preventive chemotherapy and periodic mass administration with benzimidazoles (BZ) [albendazole (ABZ) and mebendazole (MBZ)] are used to control these parasites. However, rapid reinfection with Ascaris lumbricoides within six months after a completed treatment has been reported, while the reinfection with hookworms is slow. Similarly, the efficacy of these drugs on Trichuris trichiura cure rate is poor. After many years of use of this drug class, there is an increase possibility that BZ resistance could develop. This resistance may occur due to single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the β-tubulin gene at positions 167, 198 or 200, as has been reported in animals. Little data exist to show whether any of these polymorphisms do influence the BZ efficacy against STH in humans. The present study will develop methods to look for molecular evidence of BZ drug resistance in human population in order to support the investigation of the control and elimination of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) in our communities.
Purpose: To examine whether helminth infection during pregnancy alters Vitamin-D-metabolism and reactivity of the child's immune system Hypothesis: Helminth infection during pregnancy is associated with altered Vitamin D levels and Vitamin D receptor expression in the placenta and modified immune reactivity in the infant.
Open labelled, non randomized study to evaluate the effects of Artemisinin based Combined Therapies(ACTs) on schistosomiasis since Praziquantel (PZQ) which is presently the drug of choice for treating Schistosomiasis (STS), is ineffective on immature stages and there is known parasite resistance. ACTs when combined with PZQ, targeting different stages of the life cycle has shown some effectivity.
It is unclear whether individual treatment of scabies is similarly effective compared to household treatment. This study therefore compares these two treatment strategies with topical benzyl benzoate for treating scabies in Lambaréné and surroundings in Gabon. Subjects presenting with uncomplicated scabies are randomized into either the Individual Treatment group, where only the affected subjects receive treatment, or the Household Treatment group, where all family members are treated in parallel to the affected subjects regardless of signs and symptoms. The primary endpoint is clinical cure after 28 days; the secondary endpoint is the proportion of affected household members per household after 28 days.
Schistosomiasis is one of most important human parasitic diseases worldwide. Pregnant women and their infants are two vulnerable population groups, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, where - amongst other infectious agents - they are heavily exposed to infections with S. haematobium. Adoption of the recommendation and implementation by national disease control programs was however delayed in most African countries, due to the lack of safety data in humans and in the unborn babies. First results from randomized controlled trials with PZQ in pregnant women meanwhile have provided evidence for the safety of PZQ also in newborns. In Gabon, S. haematobium is the primarily prevalent Schistosoma species infection. As it is true for most of observational and interventional studies on schistosomiasis, the power of the study is weakened due to the low sensitivity of reference schistosomiasis diagnosis applied, and one might correctly assume that a considerable proportion of samples were misclassified as negative in the control groups. Therefore, diagnostic tests that are highly sensitive and specific are essential to the detection of Schistosoma infections and are urgently needed for a test-and-treat strategy to control schistosomiasis in pregnancy as well as tools to determine efficacy of new interventions tested in clinical trials. Circulating anodic antigen (CAA) and circulating cathodic antigen (CCA) have levels correlating with the number of worms and have also been shown to clear within a few days or weeks after successful treatment. Assays measuring serum levels of these antigens (POC-CCA, UCP-LF CAA) are therefore deemed to assess drug efficacy. Based on above mentioned tools, we decided to assess the accuracy of CAA measurement to determine the Schistosoma infection in two specific conditions: A) as a diagnostic tool for S. haematobium to prepare for the future implementation of a PZQ test-and-treat strategy and B) as a diagnostic tool to measure efficacy of praziquantel in schistosomiasis and pregnancy intervention trials.
Trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of DHA-PPQ for Intermittent Preventive Treatment (IPTp) in HIV-infected pregnant women receiving cotrimoxazole prophylaxis (CTXp) and antiretroviral (ARV) drugs and using long lasting insecticide treated nets will be conducted in Mozambique and Gabon where malaria and HIV infection are moderate to highly prevalent. In addition, the possibility for a PK interaction between DHA-PPQ and ARV drugs will be assessed in a sub-sample of participants. Women will receive ARV therapy according to national guidelines and their infants will be followed until one year of age to evaluate the impact of DHA-PPQ on MTCT-HIV.
Primary Objective: To show the contribution of artefenomel (OZ439) to the clinical and parasiticidal effect of OZ439/Ferroquine (FQ) combination by analyzing exposure-response of OZ439 measured by Day 28 polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-corrected adequate clinical and parasitological response (ACPR) for the effect and the area under the curve (AUC) of OZ439 as pharmacokinetic (PK) predictor. Secondary Objectives: - To evaluate the exposure-response of OZ439 combined with FQ on crude Day 28 ACPR. - To evaluate the dose response of OZ439 combined with FQ on PCR-corrected and crude Day 28 ACPR. - To evaluate the dose-response of OZ439 combined with FQ on selected secondary endpoints. - To evaluate the safety and tolerability of different dosages of OZ439 in combination with FQ and FQ alone. - To characterize the PK of OZ439 in plasma, and of FQ and its active metabolite SSR97213 in blood.
This study is a single site, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. The trial will assess the safety, tolerability, immunogenicity and vaccine efficacy (VE) of PfSPZ Vaccine in Gabonese children that are naturally exposed to malaria parasites. Healthy children aged 1- 12 years living in the surrounding areas of Lambaréné and/or Fougamou Province in Gabon will be eligible for participation.