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NCT ID: NCT05387174 Completed - Hypertension Clinical Trials

Nursing Intervention in Two Risk Factors of the Metabolic Syndrome and Quality of Life in the Climacteric Period

Start date: September 4, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The estrogenic deficit characteristic of the climacteric stage is accompanied by a high incidence of health problems, such as the presence of Metabolic Syndrome risk factors that contribute to the increase of cardiovascular diseases. Objective: To determine the effect of a nursing intervention based on self-care aimed at improving the control of two metabolic syndrome risk factors (abdominal obesity and arterial hypertension) and health-related quality of life in climacteric women. Material and methods: Quasi-experimental study, non-equivalent control group design with women between 40 and 59 years old who present two risk factors of the Metabolic Syndrome (abdominal obesity and arterial hypertension) from two type C Health Centers of District 17D03 of Quito, Ecuador. Among one of the conceptual hypotheses, the researchers have Conceptual hypothesis 1: Climacteric women of the experimental group after the intervention of Nursing based on self-care improve two risk factors of MS with respect to those of the comparison group. A sample of 40 women was selected for experimental group and 40 for comparison group. Instruments and measurements: Abdominal Circumference, Blood Pressure, Menopause Rating Scale, International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Women in both groups received the usual care and those in the experimental group received a Nursing Intervention with technological support that included individual face-to-face nursing counseling, group education and physical activity sessions through a virtual platform for 12 weeks. Ethical requirements were considered. Expected results: It is expected that after the Nursing Intervention based on self-care the women of the experimental group will decrease the parameters of abdominal circumference, blood pressure and improve health-related quality of life.

NCT ID: NCT05374122 Active, not recruiting - Neoplasms Clinical Trials

AI Guidance for Biopsy in Suspected Cholangiocarcinoma

Start date: May 1, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Digital single-operator cholangioscopy (DSOC) has emerged as a medical advance with an important role in the evaluation of indeterminate biliary lesions. This technique has demonstrated higher sensitivity in the guidance for tissue acquisition when compared with standard endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). DSOC-guided biopsy is considered technically safe and successful for tissue collection. Hand in hand with the development of more precise diagnostic techniques, comes the implementation of artificial intelligence (AI) for diagnostic assessment. For the past decade, the role of artificial intelligence (AI) has been increasing at a rapid pace. In the biliary tract, different models have been proposed for the characterization of malignant features. Nevertheless, to date, the discrepancy between the visual impression of the operator and the histological results obtained by cholangioscopy still present, affecting the accuracy the diagnosis. Based on the above, the investigators aim to assess the diagnostic accuracy of AI for the guidance of tissue acquisition with DSOC compared to DSOC without AI for suspected cholangiocarcinoma. As a secondary aim, the investigators pursue to compare quality of AI-guided biopsies samples vs. DSOC biopsies without AI.

NCT ID: NCT05373550 Active, not recruiting - Clinical trials for Prevention of Complications Due to Hysterectomy

Effectiveness of a Nursing Intervention on Quality of Life, Sexual Function, and Self-esteem in Hysterectomized Women

Start date: September 13, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Surgical hysterectomy is second only to cesarean section as a surgical procedure in women, causing an impact on sexual function, quality of life, and self-esteem, therefore it is necessary to incorporate a comprehensive care in search of women's welfare. Objectives: To know the meaning of education in the perioperative period, in women submitted to hysterectomy for a benign cause. To determine the efficacy of a nursing educational intervention based on self-care in the improvement of sexual function, health-related quality of life, and self-esteem in women undergoing hysterectomy for benign causes. Subjects and methods: A sequential exploratory mixed-method study. For the qualitative phase, individual interviews will be conducted with women (35 to 65 years old) with the indication of hysterectomy for benign pathology attending the gynecology office, who will be contacted and invited to participate. The interviews will be analyzed using the content analysis technique. The quantitative phase will correspond to a quasi-experimental study design with a non-equivalent control group in women with indications for hysterectomy between 35 and 65 years old in two Obstetric Gynecological Hospitals in Quito. At least 26 women on the waiting list for hysterectomy for the experimental group and 26 for the comparison group will be included. Instruments: Bio-sociodemographic questionnaire, Female Sexual Function Index, SF-36, and Rosenberg Scale. The two groups will receive traditional care and the experimental group will additionally receive face-to-face nursing educational intervention with technological support. Ethical requirements will be considered. Expected results: After the nursing education intervention with technological support, women in the experimental group will improve their sexual function, health-related quality of life, and self-esteem concerning the comparison group

NCT ID: NCT05343741 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Psychological Distress

Practice-Based Evidence in Psychotherapy in Ecuador

Start date: September 2022
Phase:
Study type: Observational

This is a naturalistic study implementing a routine outcome monitoring system to track clients' change and outcomes at the Centro de Psicología Aplicada (CPA) of the Universidad de Las Américas in Quito, Ecuador

NCT ID: NCT05307861 Active, not recruiting - Clinical trials for Biliary Tract Diseases

Plastic vs Biodegradable Pancreatic Stent in Post-ERCP Pancreatitis Prevention

Start date: February 1, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Multiple risk factors have been linked with post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography pancreatitis (PEP); therefore, it is critical to follow strategies to reduce associated risk, morbidity, and mortality. However, there are also factors, such as pancreatic duct stenting, which have shown evidence of PEP prevention. The investigators pursue to compare plastic vs biodegradable pancreatic stents in the prevention of PEP.

NCT ID: NCT05295641 Recruiting - Heart Failure Clinical Trials

American Registry of Ambulatory or Acute Decompensated Heart Failure

AMERICCAASS
Start date: April 1, 2022
Phase:
Study type: Observational [Patient Registry]

The purpose of this study is to better characterize and understand the population of patients with ambulatory or acutely decompensated heart failure in the American continent, getting to know their sociodemographic, clinical and paraclinical characteristics

NCT ID: NCT05242224 Recruiting - Stunting Clinical Trials

Evolutionary Nutrition Pilot: Enhancing Fetal Growth and Brain Development

Start date: January 5, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Globally, 250 million children do not reach their developmental potential and 155 million are stunted, yet few population-based studies have examined the direct effects of nutrient deficiencies on early brain development. This study will examine an evolutionary nutrition intervention during pregnancy derived from diets consumed for 99.9% of hominin history when bodies and brains were healthier. A pilot clinical trial will be conducted in the central highlands of Ecuador to compare fetal and newborn outcomes among women randomized to: 1) evolutionary nutrition package (high quality diet plus nutrition messaging); and 2) control (standard-of care supplements). Ultrasound brain measures, nutrition and morbidity data, and blood metabolomics will be assessed at 21 weeks gestational age, 37 weeks gestational stage, and postpartum. This pilot study uniquely combines the expertise of multiple disciplines - public health nutrition, radiology, neuroscience, and metabolomics - to examine the potential for improved nutrition on early growth and brain development with vital public health implications.

NCT ID: NCT05198414 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Stress, Physiological

SER+ Against COVID-19 - Interventions to Strengthen the Resilience of HCWs in Ecuador

Start date: September 1, 2021
Phase:
Study type: Observational

The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has particularly impacted Ecuador. By May 31, 2021, 426,000 cases (10% of health professionals) and 20,572 deaths. Care procedures, organization and priorities have been altered, if not broken. The quality and safety of COVID19 and non-COVID19 patients have been compromised. Compassion fatigue, post-traumatic stress and moral damage reactions have been observed among healthcare professionals, considered second victims of SARS-CoV-2. Without professionals who feel supported and morally strong, care will be compromised, leading to greater uncertainty and insecurity in the care of COVID19 and non-COVID19 patients. In coordination with local authorities, this project seeks to strengthen the resilience of public institutions and healthcare professionals to implement. In coordination with local authorities, this project seeks to strengthen the resilience of public institutions and health professionals to implement proven interventions and scale them up to the whole health system to strengthen it after the impact of the COVID19 pandemic. This proposal is aligned with Sustainable Development Goal 3, which includes different targets to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all ages. Health emergencies, such as the one resulting from COVID-19, pose a global risk and have shown that preparedness is vital. Improving the Quality of the National Health Services and strengthening the health system in preparedness and response to health emergencies are the main priority lines of action in this project, thus aligning with SDG target 3.8 concerning strengthening health professional morale since to save lives, countries' public health systems must be strengthened. Previous work with the local partner supports the good performance and development of this proposal, which arose from a need based on the need to This proposal arose from a need based on the lessons learned in Spain.

NCT ID: NCT05177445 Not yet recruiting - Smell Disorders Clinical Trials

Efficacy and Safety of Phototherapy in the Treatment of Loss of Smell Post Acute Infection of Coronavirus 19

Start date: April 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The aim of this study is to assess whether the use of a therapy combining olfactory training, corticoids, and phototherapy improves the PROMS compared to the use of olfactory training and corticosteroids only. To accomplish this goal the study will consist of 40 participants. The participants must present olfactory dysfunction for at least 4 weeks after a coronavirus-19 infection. Furthermore, to be eligible each participant will need a polymerase chain reaction test with positive results for coronavirus-19.

NCT ID: NCT05175287 Completed - Clinical trials for Sleep Apnea, Obstructive

OSA (oRisk of Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Traffic Accidents Among Bus Drivers in Ecuador: is There a Significant Association

Start date: September 1, 2019
Phase:
Study type: Observational [Patient Registry]

Our study aims to determine the frequency of individuals at high risk of obstructive sleep apnea, and excessive daytime sleepiness, as well as any potential association between these conditions and traffic accidents among a sample of Ecuadorian bus drivers.