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NCT ID: NCT06285110 Recruiting - Hiv Clinical Trials

HIV-1 Subtype-specific Drug Resistance in Patients Failing Dolutegravir (DTG) Based Regimen

DTG-Resist
Start date: June 13, 2022
Phase:
Study type: Observational

This is a prospective observational study enrolling People Living with HIV (PLHIV) who are on a Dolutegravir-based AntiRetroviral Treatment (ART) regimen and experiencing virologic failure. Virologic failure is defined as two consecutive viral load measurements of >1000 copies/mL of blood. The main aim of the study is to identify the drug-resistance mutations in the viral genome that are associated with this failure. To achieve this goal, patients fulfilling the eligibility criteria will be invited for a single study visit for the collection of blood. The extracted HIV virus will be sequenced through whole genome sequencing methods to identify the drug-resistance mutations. The study is conducted in 15-20 countries within six regions of the IeDEA cohort (International epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS).

NCT ID: NCT06278181 Recruiting - Diabetes Mellitus Clinical Trials

Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Risk of Malaria in Cameroon

Start date: September 21, 2023
Phase:
Study type: Observational

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as diabetes are increasing in countries where malaria transmission is common. This study aims to investigate the relationship between NCDs and parasitic infections in Cameroon. The investigators will assess the risk of malaria, as well as other parasitic diseases, in a prospectively followed group of adults with diabetes, compared with those without diabetes. Malaria parasites and intestinal worms will be tested using blood and stool collected at four time points during a one-year follow-up. In addition, this project will investigate how natural protection against malaria is affected by diabetes and other risk factors for heart diseases.

NCT ID: NCT06203132 Not yet recruiting - HIV-1-infection Clinical Trials

DORAvirine Versus DOlutegravir Based Antiretroviral Regimens in Treatment-naïve People Living With HIV-1 Infection

ELDORADO
Start date: April 2024
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

Phase III trial evaluating doravirine as an alternative to dolutegravir in treatment naïve people living with HIV-1 infection.

NCT ID: NCT06166420 Recruiting - Cervical Cancer Clinical Trials

Home-based Cervical Cancer Screening Project

CASAHO
Start date: March 27, 2023
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Cervical cancer is a public health problem in Cameroon.In 2020, the country had a crude incidence of 20.2 per 100 000 women for an incidence to mortality ratio of 0.65. As for now, the country does not have a national screening program to combat the disease. Only 6% of cameroonian women have once been screened for cervical cancer. In order to increase screening uptake so as to reach 70% recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO), a home-based cervical cancer screening approach is proposed. The objective of our study is to compare two recruitment strategies for cervical cancer screening in rural Cameroon.

NCT ID: NCT05889052 Recruiting - Anemia Clinical Trials

Perennial Malaria Chemoprevention (PMC) in Cameroon

Start date: July 19, 2023
Phase:
Study type: Observational

The Plus Project will assess the impact, operational feasibility, efficacy, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of PMC. Specifically, the impact evaluation will involve monitoring a passive cohort of all children in the study area reporting all doses of SP received and the number of confirmed cases of malaria and anaemia, as well as a prospective active cohort of children who will have seven home visits over an 18-month period. The total number of participants is expected to be approximately 2,080 children in the areas served by 35 health centres in Cameroon. The results of this study will allow direct evaluation of the protective efficacy of PMC on malaria incidence, severe anaemia, and malaria mortality.

NCT ID: NCT05685875 Recruiting - Obesity Clinical Trials

Association of Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome With Severe Malaria in Cameroon

Start date: June 7, 2022
Phase:
Study type: Observational

The aim of this study is to investigate if diabetes, obesity and metabolic syndrome affects disease presentation and severity of malaria in adults in a hospital setting in Cameroon.

NCT ID: NCT05684887 Completed - COVID-19 Clinical Trials

Digital Tools to Expand COVID-19 Testing in Exposed Individuals in Cameroon

DTECT
Start date: October 18, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

According to the WHO, contact tracing - along with robust testing, isolation, and care of cases is a key strategy for interrupting chains of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and reducing mortality associated with COVID-19. Contact tracing, however, has a number of challenges. These include incomplete identification of contacts, inefficiencies in paper-based reporting systems, complex data management requirements, and delays in the identification of contacts and testing of contacts. In many settings, contact tracing has proven to be too resource-intensive to implement at scale, especially with higher levels of community transmission, highlighting the need for more efficient contact tracing approaches. Digital tools afford the possibility of strengthening contact tracing for COVID-19, in a more efficient way. However, there is limited evidence of the effectiveness and impact of these tools in the COVID-19 response, including contact tracing. This study proposes to compare the cascade of care between two strategies for COVID-19 contact tracing of SARS-CoV-2 infected index patients in Cameroon. In one strategy (intervention), the health facilities and health district testing units will implement contact tracing using a digital tool developed to support the tracing and testing of contacts (addition of a digital contact tracing module to the main platform for COVID-19 testing in Cameroon (Mamal Pro app)). This strategy will be compared to the standard contact tracing process (control), based on the current routine approach (use of the Mamal Pro application without the digital contact tracing module).

NCT ID: NCT05498727 Completed - COVID-19 Clinical Trials

Evaluation of the Integration of Ag-RDTs for COVID-19 in MNCH, HIV and TB Services in Cameroon and Kenya

Start date: May 2, 2022
Phase:
Study type: Observational [Patient Registry]

In many national Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) response plans, including in Kenya and Cameroon, antigen detection tests are being used to improve access for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) testing. Targeting the populations most at risk for COVID-19 disease, including pregnant women, people living with HIV, and patients with tuberculosis (TB), and those who are the most vulnerable to transmission to other populations, can reduce the negative impact of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Catalyzing COVID-19 Action (CCA) aims to strengthen detection by screening and diagnosing cases of SARS-CoV-2 in MNCH clinics, HIV clinics, and TB clinics and enhancing the management of COVID-positive cases. The main goal of the CCA project is to reduce deaths and severe illnesses caused by COVID-19 through early access to reliable diagnosis and effective treatment through innovative models of care. Both countries will conduct a pre- and post-implementation evaluation to compare screening, testing, care, and treatment of patients undergoing COVID-19 screening, testing, and treatment before and after the integration of facilities taking part in the CCA project.

NCT ID: NCT05385406 Recruiting - Cervical Cancer Clinical Trials

HPV Screening With Triage by HPV Genotyping Versus Visual Inspection With Acetic Acid

Start date: December 6, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women in sub-Saharan Africa, despite the existence of effective prevention and screening methods. Because vaccination rates against human papillomavirus (causing nearly all cervical cancers) are still insufficient in some low-resource countries, early detection and treatment of cervical lesions at risk of progressing to cancer are crucial components of cervical cancer control. Therefore, it is essential to find the most reliable and appropriate screening strategy in the context of low-resource countries in order to identify women in need of treatment and thus prevent the development of cervical cancer. The objective of our study is to compare two different methods of cervical cancer screening adapted to low-resource settings, in two study centers in Cameroon.

NCT ID: NCT05382130 Completed - COVID-19 Clinical Trials

INTEGrating Ag-RDTs for COVID-19 in MNCH,HIV and TB Services in Cameroon and Kenya

INTEGRATE
Start date: May 17, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Integration of antigen-detecting rapid diagnostic tests (Ag-RDT) for COVID-19 into services that provide care for vulnerable populations such as pregnant women, children, people with HIV infection, and patients with tuberculosis (TB) will identify more people with Coronavirus infection. This will allow for earlier treatment and tracing of contacts to decrease the spread of the coronavirus. This study is looking at two models for providing the testing in Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (MNCH), Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV clinics in Cameroon and Kenya. In some clinics, attendees with be screened for Coronavirus symptoms and history of exposure and if positive they will receive the rapid coronavirus test right in the clinic. In other facilities, all people attending the clinic with be provided with the coronavirus testing even if they screen negative to see how many people are infected but do not show any symptoms. Hospitalized and non-hospitalized patients with the coronavirus infection will be followed to document their illness and health outcomes. We will also ask health care workers about how well the testing in these clinics is working and what are some of their challenges, and collect information about the costs associated with both the models of testing.