There are about 125 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Cameroon. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
This study is a randomized trial in which participants are assigned to one of 2 strategies of information notice administration which include the standard approach versus a video-based cartoon approach. An information notice about the study will be administered to each participant individually. The study involves the integration of tuberculosis screening at all pediatric entry points, and other activities aimed at improving pediatric tuberculosis diagnosis and management. The understanding of participants will be assessed using a test of understanding adapted from the Quality of Informed consent (QIC).
The aim of this study is to assess knowledge, beliefs and attitudes of parents to young girls aged 9 to 14 years about HPV vaccines within some rural communities in the North West Region of Cameroon served by three hospitals in that area. To do this, we will conduct in-depth qualitative interviews with purposively sampled parents of girls aged 9 to 14 years, some of whom received HPV vaccine and some of whom did not. Interviews will continue until thematic saturation is reached (We anticipate a total 40 interviews). Data analysis will be done concurrently with interviews using thematic analysis.
The overall objective of this research is to understand the PHC landscape in conflict-affected settings including choice of PHC delivery models and quality interventions used by humanitarian organisations
A quasi-experimental and comparative study will be conducted in two different geographical areas (Europe-France and Africa-Cameroon) on a period of 18 months. All eligible adults aged 50 years and older presenting to one of the investigative centers (for HIV care) will be included in the study. The patients will be randomized in two parallel groups according to the 1:1 ratio, namely a control group A where patients continue the usual HIV management, and an intervention group B where in addition to the usual HIV management, patients will benefit from an adapted physical activity (APA) program for three months. An evaluation of heart rate variability, response to current treatment, gut microbiota profile and quality of life will be performed at the end of the APA session. Comparison between control group A and intervention group B will be performed. The acceptability of this program will also be evaluated.
This study seeks to determine which Loa loa antigens are released into circulation when infected individuals are treated with ivermectin.
Although Plasmodium vivax (P. vivax), one of the five malaria species causing parasites, has the widest geographical distribution, it is rare in sub-Saharan Africa due to the absence of a red blood cell receptor (Duffy antigen) in black Africans. Duffy-negative individuals are, for the most part, therefore refractory to P. vivax infection and the Duffy-negative phenotype is found at highest frequencies in Africa, whereas it is relatively rare elsewhere. P. vivax has however, been observed as single infections in up to 5% of Duffy-negative febrile patients in one health facility in Dschang, a region of low malaria transmission in Western highlands of Cameroon. Whereas in the littoral South West and Southern forest of Cameroon characterised by high malaria transmission, areas, there are contrasting molecular evidence of human P. vivax infection. While important, the significance is limited from an epidemiological point of view, concerning the source, transmission, distribution range of P. vivax. There is thus a challenge in the true estimation of malaria burden, as well as the attributable parasite species in infections occurring in the low transmission areas of Western Cameroon. As a consequence, our understanding of the local epidemiology of malaria in Western Cameroon warrants formal investigation. The current proposal is a multi-centre observational study. Its purpose is to characterise the malaria species composition and particularly exposure and burden of P. vivax across malaria endemic settings in Cameroon. It will use multiplex serological methods based on quantitative suspension array on finger-stick blood samples collected from febrile patients of ages 1-100 during two malaria transmission seasons in different eco-climatic regions in Cameroon.
Surgical site infections (SSI) constitute an important health concern in low and middle income countries, leading to prolonged hospital stay and increased costs. Previous studies indicate that in Africa up to 1/3 of patients undergoing surgery may be affected by a postoperative infection. The development and implementation of context-specific SSI prevention guidelines is important to reduce this complication. To deploy efficient context-specific measures, data on epidemiology and microbiology of these infections are needed. This means to adapt the prevention measures to the context-specific risk factors for surgical site infections in resource-limited settings, and to give locally adapted recommendations on antimicrobial therapy based on local resistance patterns. However, data in this respect are scarce in low and middle income countries. This present study will contribute to the needed epidemiology and microbiology data on SSI in Cameroon. It will be carried out as a prospective cohort study at the Mbouo Protestant hospital in the West Region of Cameroon. The incidence, microbial spectrum and respective antimicrobial resistance of SSI as well as the risk factors of SSI will be systematically investigated. The study will include 300 patients at the Hôpital Protestant de Mbouo (HPM) who underwent surgery and gave their informed consent for inclusion, the timeframe is 04/2021 - 11/2021. An active SSI surveillance system will be put in place for 30 postoperative days to diagnose SSI. Expected outcomes: The incidence of SSI is likely to be higher than 10%. Concerning risk factors, preoperative bodywashing and perioperative antibioprophylaxis is expected to be protective against SSI. Up to 1/3 of SSI are expected to occur after hospital discharge. For the microbial spectrum, a high proportion of Staphylococcus aureus is likely to be found. For the antimicrobial resistance no estimation can be give as data is non-existent in that region from the literature.
Type 1 diabetes has been poorly characterised, with very sparse information available in the literature about the characteristics of the disease in Africa. Atypical young onset diabetes is often reported by clinicians in sub-Saharan Africa, including patients who have the phenotype of type 1 diabetes but do not appear to have an absolute insulin requirement. The onset of type 1 diabetes in many sub-Saharan African populations seem to occur at later ages (20s to 40s) than what is generally seen in Caucasian populations. The investigators seek to characterise young-onset insulin treated diabetes (clinically diagnosed type 1 diabetes) in sub-Saharan Africa;
Introduction Global surgery is a growing movement worldwide, but its expansion has not been quantified. Google Search is the most popular search engine worldwide, and Google Trends analyzes its queries to determine popularity trends. The investigators used Google Trends to analyze the regional and temporal popularity of global surgery (GS). Furthermore, the investigators compared GS with global health (GH) to understand if the two were correlated. Methods The investigators searched the terms "global surgery" and "global health" on Google Trends (Google Inc., CA, USA) from January 2004 to May 2021. The investigators identified time trends and compared the two search terms using SPSS v26 (IBM, WA, USA) to run summary descriptive analyses and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests.
In this study, the availability of spine neuronavigation in Africa was evaluated. Access to surgical equipment is an important goal of global surgery and global neurosurgery. The study findings show that there are regional differences in access to spine neuronavigation techniques and highlight that the major barriers to increased prevalence are cost and lack of trained personnel.