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NCT ID: NCT03195036 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Early Childhood Development in HIV-Exposed Children

Evaluation of an Early Childhood Development Intervention for HIV-Exposed Children in Cameroon

Start date: April 17, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

There is substantial evidence that early childhood development (ECD) programming can improve child health and development outcomes. An important component of ECD programming is supporting positive parenting and early stimulation practices. While many parents could benefit from such programming, mothers that are HIV-infected may particularly benefit given the higher risks of poorer child development among HIV-exposed children. Catholic Relief Services (CRS) in Cameroon is implementing the Key Interventions to Develop Systems and Services (KIDSS) ECD program for HIV-exposed children. The program will include home-, facility-, and community-based components. This impact evaluation will ascertain to what extent the KIDSS home-based component of the ECD model affects attainment of age-appropriate developmental milestones (measured by the Ages and Stages Questionnaire 3 (ASQ-3)) in HIV-exposed children in Cameroon. The study design is a cluster-randomized controlled trial with a cohort of 200 mother/child dyads across 10 study clinics. HIV+ mothers will be recruited during pregnancy and their children will be followed up until 18 months of age. The intervention group will receive regular home-based ECD services focused on positive parenting and early stimulation as well as exposure to facility- and community-based ECD programming. The control group will only have exposure to the facility- and community-based ECD programming. Randomization occurs at the clinic (cluster) level.

NCT ID: NCT03114137 Recruiting - Sickle Cell Disease Clinical Trials

Heart Arteries and Sickle Cell Disease / Coeur Artères DREpanocytose

Start date: March 2012
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational [Patient Registry]

The CADRE study is a multinational observational cohort of patients with sickle-cell disease (SCD) in five west and central sub-Saharan African countries. The aim of this project is to describe the incidence and assess the predictive factors of SCD-related micro- and macro-vascular complications in sub-Saharan Africa.

NCT ID: NCT03044899 Completed - Surgery Clinical Trials

African Surgical Outcomes Study (ASOS)

Start date: February 1, 2016
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational [Patient Registry]

STUDY OBJECTIVE To confirm the incidence of in-hospital postoperative complications in adult surgical patients in Africa. STUDY DESIGN Seven day, African national multi-centre prospective observational cohort study of adult (≥18 years) patients undergoing surgery. Patients will be followed up for a maximum of 30 days. We will follow the original International Surgical Outcomes Study (ISOS) study design. The primary outcome is in-hospital postoperative complications in adult surgical patients in Africa. Secondary outcomes include in-hospital mortality and the relationship between postoperative complications and postoperative mortality. The intention is to present a representative sample of surgical outcomes across all African countries. This study will run between February and March 2016.

NCT ID: NCT03024762 Active, not recruiting - Clinical trials for Pediatric HIV Infection

Active Search for Pediatric HIV/AIDS (ASPA)

Start date: July 2015
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The Active Search for Pediatric HIV/AIDS (ASPA) aims at assessing the acceptability, feasibility and effectiveness of the targeted provider-initiated-testing and counseling (tPITC) in comparison with the blanket provider-initiated-testing and counseling (bPITC) among children and adolescents in Cameroon. The new knowledge generated will inform programming of more suitable strategies to identify HIV-infected children and adolescents and this will contribute to reducing the current global gap in HIV treatment among this subpopulation group.

NCT ID: NCT02974348 Completed - Clinical trials for Drug Resistant Malaria Due to Plasmodium Falciparum

Antimalaria Drugs Susceptibility Testing for an Effective Management of Infected Patients in Sub-Sahara Africa

Start date: January 2013
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The antimalarial drugs efficacy and safety study will be conducted in the Clinics and hospital of the Cameroon Development Corporation (CDC) Estates, Tiko Health District, located in a typical forest and rainfall area in the South West Region Cameroon. In this study, 350 children aged 6 months to 5 years who are found to have uncomplicated symptomatic malaria will be enrolled between October 2012 and March 2013. Participants will be randomized to receive one of the following medications. (i) DHA+PQ : dihydroartemisinin, 2.5 mg per kg, plus piperaquine phosphate, 20mg per kg daily for 3 days; (ii) ART LUM : Artemether, 2mg per kg, plus lumefantrine 10mg, twice daily for 3 days; (iii) AS+MQ: artesunate, 4 mg/kg/day, with mefloquine, 8 mg/kg/day orally once a day for 3 days. All study medications will be administered orally The Primary objective of this study are to compare the efficacy, safety and tolerability of orally administered artemether plus lumefantrine (ART+LUM), artesunate plus mefloquine (AS+MQ) and dihydroartemisinin plus piperaquine (DHA+PQ) combinations in the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Cameroon in order to provide evidence that can be used to determining the optimum antimalaria treatment policy in Cameroon. The secondary objectives are as follows (i) To valuate the efficacy and safety of artemether plus lumefantrine (ART + LUM) and artesunate plus mefloquine (AS + MQ) versus dihydroartemisinin plus piperaquine (DHA + PQ) combination (ii) To compare the clearance of asexual parasites and gametocytes in each treatment arm (iii) To assess the clearance of fever (iv) Assess effect of each treatment arm on anemia This study is a randomized, double blinded clinical trial. After enrollment, participant will be randomized to one of the three treatment regimen. The treatment outcome will be assessed through a 42-day efficacy study. Participants who will exhibit early or late treatment failure and those with adequate clinical response and parasitological failure on day 14, 28 or 42 will be treated with quinine (25mg base per kg body weight per day in three divided doses for five days). In addition to antimalarial drugs oral paracetamol (50mg/kg body weight per day in three divided doses) will be administered for fever exceeding 37.5%. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) -corrected 28 day and 42 day efficacy will be evaluated for each treatment episode.

NCT ID: NCT02945111 Completed - Anxiety Clinical Trials

Watching Live VIA/VILI Examinations on a Digital Screen May Reduce Patients' Anxiety

Start date: September 2016
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to assess whether the degree of anxiety experienced by women undergoing visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) and Lugol's iodine (VILI) can be reduced by watching the procedure in real-time on a digital screen.

NCT ID: NCT02834715 Completed - Diabetes Mellitus Clinical Trials

Metabolic Effects of Stevia in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Start date: March 2016
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The main aim of the study is to assess the short term and 1-month metabolic effects of Stevia rebaudiana bertoni in patients with type 2 diabetes.

NCT ID: NCT02832999 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Short Term Effect of Liraglutide Versus Vildagliptine on Insulin Secretion and Insulin Sensitivity in Type 2 Diabetes

Start date: January 2016
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

This is a single blind randomised controlled clinical trial in uncontrolled type 2 Diabetes mellitus patients on oral glucose lowering agents, and naive to incretinomimetic. Participants will be randomised in two Arms : arm 1 receiving Liraglutide at 1,2 mg/day and arm 2 Vildagliptine at 100mg/day over 14 days. The two arms will be compared for 14-day changes in insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity.

NCT ID: NCT02777229 Recruiting - HIV-1 Infection Clinical Trials

Efficacy and Safety of a Dolutegravir-based Regimen for the Initial Management of HIV Infected Adults in Resource-limited Settings

Start date: July 2016
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

Several reports indicate that treatment failure due to HIV resistance or to adverse event-related discontinuation could compromise the effectiveness of scaling-up antiretroviral treatment (ART), especially when lack of access to viral load is a concern. Combined with other nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, Dolutegravir (DTG) is a very promising alternative to the current first-line non nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-based regimens. Initial evaluations of DTG conducted in high income countries showed excellent efficacy and safety and indicated high genetic barrier thus preserving second line treatment. As a consequence, DTG-based regimens have been recently included in the first-line options in the national guidelines for ART of several high-income countries. However, the clinical trials evaluating DTG-based regimens have been conducted in highly controlled conditions, including baseline resistance testing and regular viral load monitoring. Moreover, these trials included a high proportion of men with rare co-morbidities. There is need to evaluate how a DTG-based regimen will perform in real-world conditions within resources-constrained settings, where viral load monitoring is limited, and where the majority of HIV patients are women with important family planning consideration and NAMSAL trial is a randomized clinical trial which aims to evaluate efficacy and safety over 48 weeks of DTG + tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/lamivudine versus Efavirenz (EFV) + tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/lamivudine in 606 ART-naïve HIV-1-infected adults in Cameroon. A set of efficacy and safety endpoints will be compared over 48 weeks between the two arms including the proportion of patients with viral load <50 copies/mL and incidence of severe adverse events.

NCT ID: NCT02766933 Recruiting - Hepatitis B Clinical Trials

Cameroon Baptist Convention Health Board Chronic Hepatitis B Cohort Study

Start date: May 2016
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational [Patient Registry]

The natural history and response to therapy of chronic hepatitis B infection in West Africa are currently poorly understood. In this study, employees of the Cameroon Baptist Convention Health Board (CBCHB) and spouses who are found to be hepatitis B positive on screening will be offered enrollment. Disease monitoring and treatment will be provided following current WHO guidelines. Clinical data will be prospectively recorded for 5 years, and bio-specimens will be frozen for future analysis.