There are about 5 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in American Samoa. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
This study, led by the American Samoa Community Cancer Coalition's INdigenous Samoan Partnership to Initiate Research Excellence (INSPIRE) and the UH Cancer Center's project team including Dr. Cassel, will utilize a community-based and culturally relevant process to assess the uptake of fecal occult blood testing (FOBT) using tailored colorectal cancer patient education materials for those with inadequate health literacy. Our primary outcomes include: 1) process to develop "suitable" and "comprehensible" health promotion materials for populations in English and Samoan with various health literacy levels, 2) commitment to use the FOBT Colocare home kit, and 3) use of a FOBT Colocare home kit.
The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of FST-201 compared to Ciprodex in the treatment of acute otitis externa. This study will be conducted at one site, the Lyndon B. Johnson (LBJ) Tropical Medical Center, Department of Otolaryngology, in Pago Pago, American Samoa.
As type 2 diabetes prevalence increases in the United States, the burden of diabetes falls more on groups with greater barriers to care, such as language and cultural differences, and lower economic resources. Healthy People 2010 targeted diabetes as one of six diseases for the elimination of racial and ethnic health disparities. These disparities extend to the US Territory of American Samoa, where the proportion of adults >18 years with diabetes was 19.6% in 2002, compared to 6.4% of US adults. There have been no reported diabetes interventions in Samoans in the US. The overall purpose of this application is to translate recent advances in diabetes care into clinical practice for the American Samoan community by improving methods of health care delivery and methods of diabetes self management. We will conduct a randomized clinical trial to test the effectiveness of a community health worker (CHW) and primary-care coordinated intervention to provide outreach, education and support to 352 type 2 diabetes patients and their families in American Samoa. The CHW intervention will utilize evidence-based algorithms and protocols to prompt risk behavior interventions, communication with health care team, and visit schedule. The individual treatment action plans are also guided by the Precede-Proceed Model. The outcomes at a one-year follow-up will include glycosolated hemoglobin (HbA1c), cardiovascular disease risk factors, diet and exercise behaviors, and adherence to diabetes care guidelines. The study hypothesis is that diabetes patients in the CHW trial arm will have lower HbA1c levels, lower cardiovascular disease risk factor levels, increased exercise behaviors and healthy dietary intakes and greater adherence to diabetes care such as adherence to prescribed medications, keeping medical appointments for diabetes care and specialty referrals. The intervention builds upon best clinical practices for CHWs in diabetes care by translating effective strategies to American Samoans, while also extending prior CHW research, by using a model that is potentially replicable in other ethnic minority populations suffering the burden of diabetes.
The purpose of this study is to collect blood samples from SMART study participants to use in future genetic studies.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether the HIV vaccine MRKAd5 HIV-1 gag/pol/nef followed by treatment interruption can increase immune system function in adults with acute or recent HIV infection who have started taking anti-HIV drugs.