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Clinical Trial Summary

The use of a home rapid test for the detection of gluten immunogenic peptides (GIP) in urine of treated adolescent patients with celiac disease (CD) could facilitate the adherence to the gluten-free diet (GFD) and contribute to symptoms control and quality of life improvement. This single centre, randomized, unblinded, controlled study consists of 4 run-in weeks period followed by 8-weeks study period in which patients will be randomized to intervention group (home urine GIP testing) or the control group (no home urine GIP testing). The 12-week study will involve surveys, home stool and urine collection, home urine GIP test performance, and two study visits with the gastroenterologists. The main outcome is to determine whether the self-monitoring of the GFD with GIP testing in urine improves adherence to the GFD in treated adolescent patients with CD (measured by CDAT-Celiac Dietary Adherence Test, GFD adherence evaluation by gastroenterologist and rates of gluten exposure in urine and/or stool measured at a central laboratory) and subsequently improves quality of life (CDDUX-Coeliac Disease Dutch Questionnaire) and reduces symptoms (CSI-Celiac Symptoms Index questionnaire).


Clinical Trial Description

Hypothesis: the use of a home rapid test for the detection of gluten immunogenic peptides (GIP) in urine of treated adolescent patients with celiac disease (CD) could facilitate the adherence to the gluten-free diet (GFD) and contribute to symptoms control and quality of life improvement. Objectives: Primary objective: to determine in adolescent patients with CD whether the self-monitoring of the GFD with GIP testing in urine changes treatment adherence (intervention group) in comparison with patients that do not use the test (control group) measured by 1 - CDAT-Celiac Dietary Adherence Test; 2 - GFD adherence evaluation by gastroenterologist; 3- Detection rates of GIP in urine and/or stool (to be measured at a central laboratory); 4- Detection rates of GIP in urine (to be measured by home rapid tests). Secondary objectives: to determine whether the use of the home test for GIP detection in urine samples of treated patients with CD leads to 1 - change of quality of life (CDDUX-Coeliac Disease Dutch Questionnaire); 2- change of symptoms (CSI-Celiac Symptoms Index questionnaire). Study design: Single centre, randomized, unblinded, controlled, study. The study will consist of 4 run-in weeks period followed by 8-weeks study period in which patients will be randomized to intervention (home urine GIP testing) or the control group (no home urine GIP testing). Study participants: adolescent patients with CD, diagnosed by European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) guidelines, that have been following a strict GFD for at least 2 years. Study procedure: 1. Patient enrolment. 2. Run-in period (4 weeks): all participants will: A- complete quality of life questionnaire (CDDUX); B - complete GFD adherence questionnaire (CDAT); C - complete food diary for 4 consecutive days and GFD adherence will be evaluated by gastroenterologist; D - complete symptom questionnaire (CSI); E - be instructed in the use of the tests and sample collection; F - collect at the beginning and end of the period urine and stool samples. 3. Study weeks (8): patients will be randomized to either the control or the study group by block randomization (size 4) using WINPEPI (Programs for epidemiologists for Windows) v11.65 (Abramson, J.H.). The study group will receive home use tests for GFD monitoring to be used at their discretion (but using at least 8 tests during the study period (1/week) so that they may receive immediate qualitative feedback regarding the presence of biomarkers of gluten exposure in their urine and they will have to register the results obtained. The control group will not receive the tests. Additionally, all patients will collect a urine and a stool sample every 4 weeks with the purpose of evaluating their adherence to the GFD. All collected samples will be kept frozen until their analysis and will be brought to the centre by the patients at the end of the study. All samples will be sent to a central laboratory for their analysis (Biomedal S.L., Seville, Spain). 4. At the end of the study, patients will be evaluated as in the run-in period (post-intervention). Number of participants: with an alpha risk of 5%, a beta risk of 20% (80% of statistical power) and an estimated rate reduction of 0.33 the sample size needed was 66 subjects (33 subjects per group). The calculation was made using the tool Calculadora de Grandària Mostral (GRANMO) v7.12 April 2012 (Municipal Institute of Medical Research, Barcelona, Spain). Measurements: 1- Home rapid test (GlutenDetect, Biomedal S.L., Seville, Spain) for GIP determination in urine samples, laboratory rapid test (iVYCHECK GIP Urine, Biomedal S.L., Seville, Spain) for GIP determination in urine samples and ELISA test (iVYLISA GIP Stool, Biomedal S.L., Seville, Spain) for GIP determination in stool samples; 2- CD related symptoms (CSI questionnaire); 3- quality of life questionnaire (CDDUX); 4- GFD adherence questionnaire (CDAT); 5- GFD adherence evaluation by specialist (questionnaire and food diary); 6 - test results for the study group. Samples will be analysed in a central laboratory (Biomedal S.L., Seville, Spain). Statistical analysis: Will be done with IBM SPSS Statistics 25.0 for Windows (IBM Corporation, Armonk, New York, United States). 1- Difference in all parameters between and within the control and the study groups. Results will be compared at baseline, week 4 and week 12. 2- Differences in all parameters between patients with positive GIP testing compared to those with negative GIP testing (both home and laboratory GIP measurements). 3 - number of additional tests used by the patients since they will receive 24 tests and they must perform only 8 tests. They can use the additional test at their discretion. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05119322
Study type Interventional
Source Biomedal S.L.
Contact Laura Coto Alonso
Phone 954081276
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date March 23, 2021
Completion date December 31, 2022

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