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Clinical Trial Summary

The main goal of this study is to compare traditional cataract surgery with two new technologies: the femtosecond laser and the new Active Sentry handpiece. The femtosecond laser is used in several fields of ophthalmology and allows to automate multiple key steps of cataract surgery. The new generation of handpiece called Active Sentry has the particularity to detect the pressure inside the eye in real time and to adjust it to avoid large variations. Theses technologies would potentially increase the efficacy and safety of standard cataract surgery. This study therefore aims at evaluating the differences in cumulative dissipated energy and endothelial cell loss between femtosecond laser assisted cataract surgery with the new Active Sentry handpiece compared to standard phaco with new (Active Sentry) or older handpieces (OZil).

Clinical Trial Description

Phacoemulsification (phaco) has been the standard technique for cataract surgery for several decades. It involves the removal of the lens nucleus after ultrasound fragmentation. Recently, Femtosecond Laser Assisted Cataract Surgery (FLACS) has become a new popular method amongst ophthalmologists. The femtosecond laser (LFS) is a new technology that is being used for cataract surgery. The LFS has a femtosecond pulse duration, which reduces damage to collateral tissue and increases the efficacy and safety of the procedure. The LenSx laser (Alcon Laboratories Inc., USA) is one of the most widely used LFS for cataract surgery and is part of the CENTURION Vision system. The LFS automates key steps in the procedure including capsulorhexis, incision making and phaco, limiting human variability and potentially improving the efficiency and safety of the surgery. The Frequency Domain - Optical Coherence Tomography (FD-OCT) optical imaging system provides high-resolution, real-time visualization of ocular structures and their dimensions. The device sends the results to the interface which programs the laser and indicates the exact location, size and depth of the desired incisions. Several handpieces are used to perform phacoemulsification. The traditional handpiece is named OZil and is part of the Infiniti Vision System (Alcon Laboratories Inc.) which was introduced in 2006 and has since revolutionized the phaco technique with its new rotational technology. This handpiece increased phaco efficacy by reducing core fragment repulsion, collateral tissue damage, and the amount of energy required. However, a new generation of handpiece called Active Sentry (Alcon Inc.), which is part of the new Active Fluidics technology, has now the added feature of detecting the pressure inside the eye in real time and adjusting it to avoid significant variations. This handpiece can also decrease the amount of fluid and energy used during the procedure, increasing the efficacy and safety of phacoemulsification. Different methods to quantify the collateral damage caused by cataract surgeries are the count of endothelial cell loss (ECL) as well as the amount of energy required to fragment the lens (CDE: cumulative dissipated energy). FLACS may reduce the CDE required during phaco, thereby reducing the damage to the cornea of the eye (including the loss of endothelial cells of the cornea). Despite a large number of publications on this topic, recent meta-analyses on the effect of FLACS on ECL and CDE were found to be inconsistent. Few studies have demonstrated a decrease in ECL as well as CDE required in patients undergoing FLACS when compared to standard phaco, but long-term results were not conclusive. Given the novelty of the Active Sentry handpiece, little data on this new device exists in the literature. Based on what was found in the literature, this study will be the first to compare the following techniques: FLACS with Active Sentry, traditional phaco with Active Sentry, and traditional phaco with OZil. The investigators hypothesize that the new FLACS technique will reduce the CDE required during phacoemulsification, thereby reducing the damage caused the cornea (i.e. loss of endothelial corneal cells). In addition, the investigators hypothesize that patients undergoing standard phacoemulsification with the Active Sentry handpiece will have less corneal endothelial cell damage and require less CDE than participants undergoing standard phacoemulsification with OZil. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05119270
Study type Interventional
Source Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM)
Contact Marie-Catherine Tessier, MSc
Phone 1-514-890-8000
Email [email protected]
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date December 2021
Completion date December 2023

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