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Clinical Trial Summary

Background: Hypertension is a risk factor for heart disease. Low-sodium diets rich in fruits, vegetables, and other healthy foods are a good way to reduce blood pressure in people with hypertension. Researchers want to learn more about why African Americans seem to have the greatest benefit from certain dietary interventions. Objective: To better understand the body s response to adding more salt to the diet. Eligibility: U.S.-born African American adults ages 21 to 65 who are in good general health and took part in the GENE-FORECAST. Design: Participants will be screened with a medical history and physical exam. If needed, they will take a pregnancy test. These tests will be repeated during the study. Each day for 2 weeks, participants will take 3 capsules that contain either placebo or salt. Then they will take no pills for 3 weeks. Then they will take placebo or salt capsules for 2 more weeks. Participants will talk about the foods and drinks they have consumed over the past 24 hours. They will take a survey about their physical activity and sleep. Participants will complete taste tasks to obtain their responses to sweetness or saltiness. Sucrose and salt detection thresholds and preferences will be assessed. Participants will give blood and urine samples. Saliva samples will be collected from their mouth by passive drool or by spitting into a sterile tube. Skin samples will be collected from behind their ears and the inner part of their elbow, using sterile swabs. Participants will get kits to collect stool samples at home. Participants will have 4 study visits over 7 weeks.

Clinical Trial Description

The objective of this study is to implement a sodium intervention investigation to assess the effect of increased dietary sodium intake on changes in blood pressure, vascular function, microbiome, whole blood epigenome, whole blood and urine transcriptome as outcome measures. The study design will include a double-blind, cross-over treatment/placebo trial among 40 former African Americans GENE-FORECAST participants with normal blood pressure and will last 7weeks. It is hypothesized that exposure to increased dietary sodium will affect blood pressure, whole blood epigenome, whole blood and urine transcriptome, vascular function, microbiome and blood pressure. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT04717336
Study type Interventional
Source National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Contact Nicole Plass-Hermitt, R.N.
Phone (301) 451-3911
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Phase Early Phase 1
Start date January 22, 2021
Completion date July 3, 2023

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