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Clinical Trial Summary

Breast cancer is the most common cancer amongst women in terms of frequency, with more than 50 000 newly diagnosed cases per year in France. The average 5-year survival rate for women with breast cancer is around 85%. Surgical treatment by total mastectomy concerns around 30% of cases. For patients who have been treated for breast cancer by total mastectomy, secondary breast reconstructions are often carried out via excess abdominal fat flaps of DIEP type. Postoperative partial fat necrosis is a common complication of breast reconstruction. This necrosis is qualified as pathological when it is palpable or when there are symptoms leading to pain, deformation, or leakage. Necrosis occurs in the first 6 months after surgery. Diagnosis is carried out by the detection of a nodule of fat necrosis measuring at least 5 mm on the ultrasound. Partial flat necrosis results from ischemia reperfusion (IR) to the fat tissues during reconstruction. IR leads to inflammatory lesions, edema, capillary occlusion that can lead to tissue necrosis. The deleterious impact of IR has been shown on the organs (liver, kidney) on muscular, cutaneous and adipose tissues in humans and animals. Ischaemic preconditioning is a procedure used in organ transplant surgery, allowing a better tolerance of the graft for ischemia reperfusion, without further complications. It is used in usual practice for kidney or liver transplants; short cycles of ischemia reperfusion are carried out on the organ pedicle before harvesting using cold ischemia (out of the donor's body) pre-transplant. Ischaemic preconditioning before reconstruction has been studied in animal models but not in human reconstruction surgery, although it seems to be beneficial. For patients undergoing total mastectomy after being diagnosed with breast cancer, we hypothesize that ischaemic preconditioning, usually used for organ transplants, could decrease adipose tissue lesions caused by ischemia reperfusion after breast reconstruction with DIEP (deep inferior epigastric perforator) flaps.

Clinical Trial Description

This is a phase 2 monocentric study, following the 2 step Simon Minimax design. We will be carrying out cycles of ischemic preconditioning for 40 minutes, simulating 2 cycles of ischemia-reperfusion (per 10min) prior to flap harvesting and cold ischemia before revascularization. The pre operation visit will occur between M3 and M1 before the scheduled operation date. The visit will be carried out by the surgeon who will inform the patient of the study. The inclusion visit (D0) will be carried out by the investigator the day before surgery (collection of signed consent form). The surgery will be carried out as usual: breast reconstruction with DIEP type flap. Modification of the intervention for the study: preconditioning of the flap (for patients) and 3 biopsies. During post-operative hospitalization, usual visits will be carried out twice a day (not specifically for the study) by an doctor (to check for vascular damage, hematoma, infection, cutaneous necrosis, leakage and scar separation). After postoperative discharge, 4 follow up visits are planned which correspond to 3 postoperative consultations at the hospital (to check for vascular damage, hematoma, infection, cutaneous necrosis, leakage and scar separation) at D21 (+/- 2 days), M1 (+/- 2 days), M3 (+/- 15 days, same assessment plus search for palpable, painful or deforming nodules) and M6 (+/- 15 days, last visit) plus a mammary ultrasound (this is the only supplementary assessment carried out for the study, Tenon hospital). ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05373069
Study type Interventional
Source Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Contact Sarra CRISTOFARI, MD, PhD
Phone +33 6 30 33 39 56
Email [email protected]
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date May 2022
Completion date May 2024

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