View clinical trials related to Adductor Canal Block.Filter by:
Total knee arthroplasty surgery is associated with severe postoperative pain and adequate pain management is necessary for early postoperative mobilization and rehabilitation. Although good postoperative pain control may be achieved by continuous epidural anesthesia or femoral nerve block, both methods have adverse effects such as muscle weakness, which may delay postoperative mobilization.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether liposomal bupivacaine is superior to normal bupivacaine in terms of providing better pain control postoperatively after total knee arthroplasty.
This study evaluate the efficacy of adding popliteal sciatic nerve block with low concentration bupivacaine and dexamethasone to abductor canal block for total knee arthroplasty in patient with NSAIDs prescribing precaution. Half of participants will receive popliteal sciatic nerve block, abductor canal block and periarticular injection, while the other half will receive a sham block, abductor canal block and periarticular injection.
There has been dispute about the location at which the adductor canal block should be performed (3-6). Two Common approaches have been used for ultrasound guided adductor canal blocks with the 'point of entry' being: 1. Point A: midway point between the ASIS and base of patella 2. Point B: Point which is 2-3 cm proximal to the site where the femoral artery becomes the popliteal artery as it traverses away from the sartorius muscle towards the femur at the adductor hiatus (2) We want to determine ultrasound anatomy in healthy volunteers by: 1. Measuring the distance between Point A and Point B 2. Studying the ultrasound anatomy at Point A and B - Determine their location with respect to the adductor canal and femoral triangle. This will allow us to determine which is the best site for performing an adductor canal block
Patients undergoing Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty will be randomized to receive either multimodal single injection adductor canal block with sham infusion catheter or continuous infusion of local anesthetic (control) for postoperative analgesia. Primary end point is pain scores at 30 hours post performance of block procedure.
The adductor canal block (ACB) is the standard of care for analgesia after Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) repair. ACB is performed by injecting local anesthetic (freezing) in the subsartorial canal in the thigh which is about 7-10cm long. Preliminary evidence suggests that different injection sites within the canal may produce different degrees of analgesia and quadriceps motor block. This trial seeks to determine the effects of various ACB injection sites on postoperative analgesia and motor power following ACL repair.
The blockade of the femoral nerve (FNB) is the most common postoperative pain therapy after total knee replacement. Because of motor-driven weakness of the quadriceps muscle induced by femoral nerve block mobilization of Patients is difficult even dangerous (falls) and hospital stays are extended. An alternative method could be an adductor canal block (ACB). Anatomical studies of the adductor canal demonstrated that the adductor canal contains the saphenous nerve, a pure sensory nerve for medial and anterior aspects of the knee and the tibia without any motor function. This prospective, double-blinded, randomized study investigates the effect of FNB and ACB on quadriceps motor weakness and analgesia determined by Numeric Rating Scale (NRS). We expect the ACB to be superior in muscle strength but equal in pain score. Both groups receive an additional anterior sciatic nerve block for complete sensory block of the operated knee