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Clinical Trial Summary

The investigators hypothesize that CX-01 will disrupt the bone marrow microenvironment and increase the cytotoxic effects of azacitidine on myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) hematopoietic stem cells by disrupting the High-mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1) interaction with toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and receptors for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), the CXC chemokine CXCL12/chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) axis, and by disrupting other leukocyte and vascular adhesion molecules. In addition, CX-01 may also help promote count recovery after treatment given its affinity for platelet factor-4 (PF4).

The selection of CX-01 dose for study in relapsed or refractory MDS and AML has been based upon the dual requirements to have sufficient drug administered to have potential activity but without clinically significant anticoagulation. The study dose chosen (4 mg/kg bolus followed by 0.25 mg/kg/hour) fulfills both of these criteria. In addition, this dose is expected to result in serum levels of CX-01 which are significantly higher than the IC90 identified in preclinical studies for inhibition of HMGB1-RAGE, toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and TLR4 interaction. Therefore, the chosen dose represents a rational balance between effective dosing and safety in thrombocytopenic patients with MDS and AML. This dose was previously established to be safe and tolerable when combined with cytarabine and idarubicin in patients with AML.

Clinical Trial Description


Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT02995655
Study type Interventional
Source Washington University School of Medicine
Status Completed
Phase Phase 1
Start date April 7, 2017
Completion date April 29, 2019

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