View clinical trials related to Abdominal Injuries.Filter by:
This multicenter study aims to evaluate the accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in diagnosing abdominal solid organ injuries in pediatric patients. Up to 130 subjects will complete the study across approximately 5-10 sites in the US, with up to 30 patients in the training phase (3 per site) and 100 patients in the treatment phase of the study. All subjects will have had a CT scan as part of standard of care, confirming at least one solid organ abdominal injury. The study procedure will occur within 48 hours from time of injury. All subjects will have an abdominal ultrasound without contrast, followed by a contrast-enhanced ultrasound using the contrast agent Lumason. Ultrasound and contrast-enhanced ultrasound results will be compared to the CT scan results. The CT and ultrasound scans will be read locally and will undergo central review.
Exploratory laparotomy has been traditionally used for managing penetrating abdominal trauma (PAT). Currently, minimally invasive surgery (for diagnosis and treatment purposes) is a well-established and rapidly growing modality for dealing with penetrating abdominal trauma in stable children. Herein, we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and outcomes and emphasize the importance of timely intervention by minimally invasive surgery for PAT possessing the potential to violate the peritoneum in stable pediatric victims. This prospective study was carried out on 102 hemodynamically stable pediatric cases with highly suspicious penetrating abdominal trauma (caused by gunshot, stab, & accidental stab), admitted and managed by minimally invasive surgery (laparoscopy & laparoscopic-assisted procedures). Information recorded for analysis included demographic data, anatomical location of injury, organs affected, operative findings, operative time, need for conversion to laparoscopic-assisted approach, length of stay, complications, missed injury, and mortality rate. A total of 102 pediatric cases with highly suspicious penetrating abdominal trauma (PAT) were managed by minimally invasive surgery (MIS). They were 62 males and 40 females with mean age of 7.3±0.6 years (range, 1-14 years). They included 39 cases of gunshot, 30 cases of stab abdomen, and 33 cases of accidental stab. In this study, there was 100% accuracy in defining the injured organs with zero percent missed injuries in addition to effective therapeutic potential as regard the role of minimally invasive surgery in management of penetrating abdominal trauma in children. Type of Study: Prospective cohort study
The purpose of this study is to evaluate outcomes of adult patients hospitalised due to penetrating abdominal trauma at a tertiary trauma hospital in South Africa. Our primary objective is to study the association between waiting time to surgery and outcome (mortality, complications, and length of hospital stay) in normotensive patients treated with laparotomy for penetrating abdominal trauma.
The surgical management of penetrating bowel and intestinal injuries, inflicted via a gunshot or knife stabbing, has long been a topic of debate [1-3]. The surgical management principally consists of: (i) primary repair; (ii) primary diversion or (iii) an initial abbreviated so called "damage control" operation followed by a definitive surgical intervention once the patient is stabilized [4-9] . Different classifications systems have been proposed to help determine the best operative option [2,3,10-14], but intestinal injuries can be difficult to manage and despite improvements in the diagnostics and treatment of penetrating abdominal trauma, high mortality and morbidity rates are prevalent [15,16]. In order to determine the correct surgical option an accurate determination of intestinal viability is essential. But clinically assessing regional perfusion is challenging and surgeons' clinical risk assessment of anastomotic leaks have shown a low predictive value . Hence, there is a need for more precise diagnostic tool helping the surgeon in assessing intestinal viability the extent of intestinal injury. Indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence angiography (ICG-FA) is an applied method for to assessing visceral perfusion worldwide. The obtained fluorescent signal after intravenous injection, is considered proportional to blood flow, thus aiding the surgeon to detect and address inadequate regional perfusion, despite satisfactory macroscopic appearance, intraoperatively [18-21]. Hence, the use of perioperative ICG-FA, has reduced the risk of anastomotic leaks after esophageal and colorectal surgery [22-25] and in the setting of acute mesenteric ischemia, significantly reduced the extent of intestinal resection . In retrospective review of 186 war related trauma cases the use of ICG-FA was deemed useful however only 9 of these cases were truncal/abdomen/gastrointestinal and no objective definition of usability was provided . Hence, data on the usability and feasibility of ICG-FA for in penetrating abdominal trauma is limited and to our knowledge has not been investigate in a civilian population previously. The present study aimed to investigate the usability and feasibility of ICG-FA in patients undergoing open abdominal exploration for penetrating abdominal trauma
Background: The surgeries with upper abdominal wall incisions cause a severe pain and providing an adequate analgesia is an important challenge for the anesthesiologist. The serratus intercostal plane block (SIPB) has been already described as analgesic technique in open cholecystectomy. The aim of this study is to evaluate its analgesic efficacy in pain control, opioids consumption and recovery quality in upper abdominal surgeries. Methods: This blind, randomized controlled study was conducted on 102 patients undergoing open upper abdominal wall surgery under general anesthesia. All patients who received serratus intercostal plane block at the eighth rib as analgesic technique were included in group 0 (SIPB) and in Group 1 (control) those who received continuous intravenous morphine analgesia. In each group was evaluated pain scores in numeric verbal scale (NVS) and opioids consumption at 0,6,12,24 y 48h postoperative time. The quality of the postoperative recovery was evaluated with the modified Postoperative Quality of Recovery Score ( QoR-15 questionnaire) at 24h.
This study aimed to measure the effects of SIH and DH on the mortality outcomes of the adult patients with moderate to severe thoracoabdominal injury
Pelvic fractures are severe injuries which require advanced orthopedic surgical skills to treat. On the other hand, abdominal injuries are severe injuries, which might require quick general surgical treatment. The combination of both injuries is a challenge for orthopedic surgeons, as the abdominal injury might lead to a delayed surgical treatment of the pelvic fracture. Whether an associated abdominal injury influences the quality of care of pelvic fractures, is aim of this registry study.
Evaluate the efficacy and safety of laparoscopy and it's role with blunt abdominal trauma
ERAS IN TRAUMA Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) or enhanced recovery protocols (ERP) is a concept first described by Kehlet in the early 1990s .Since its introduction, ERAS protocols have been successfully used in elective gastrointestinal surgery (colorectal, hepatobiliary and gastric), and there has been widespread acceptance and implementation in other surgical disciplines including urology, vascular , thoracic surgery and orthopaedics. The approach employs a multimodal perioperative care pathway designed to attenuate the surgical stress response and accelerate postoperative recovery . These benefits should be easily transferrable to the trauma patient population, if not greater, since trauma patients are generally younger, fitter and metabolically stable. Trauma centres in developing countries constantly battle with reduced bed availability and restricted health care budgets. Optimization of health care practice is therefore urgent, particularly in trauma surgery. Penetrating abdominal trauma is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in large urban trauma centres. It accounts for a significant number of hospital admissions and consumes a large portion of the health care budget. In the trauma patient, the aim is to maintain the 'pre- injury' physiological status. Improving patient outcomes with reduced morbidity and early hospital discharge reduces the cost of treating these patients . The small pilot study by Moydien et al., showed that ERPS can be successfully implemented with significant shorter hospital stays without any increase in postoperative complications in a select group of trauma patients undergoing emergency laparotomy for isolated penetrating abdominal trauma. Furthermore, the study showed that ERPS can also be applied to patients undergoing emergency surgery. Given the fact that penetrating abdominal trauma remains a substantial burden of disease, especially in developing countries such as South Africa, this proven approach to patient care in elective surgery can now be safely employed in the trauma and emergency setting. Penetrating abdominal trauma remains a substantial burden of disease, especially in developing countries such as South Africa, and especially the Western Cape, where we have seen an increase in the number of trauma patients being treated for penetrating injuries at our level 1 centre. This has in turn led to severe constraints on the available resources, with the trauma ward often at maximum capacity with delayed discharges due to poor ambulation, post operative complications, and delay in return to enteral feeding. Currently there is no randomized controlled study in the trauma literature, evaluating enhanced recovery after trauma procedures .It is our hypothesis to that implementing an "ERATS" protocol , will lead to a reduction in morbidity, reduction in hospital stay , with a subsequent decrease in costs. This will allow us to implement this as a new standard protocol , and thus change the current practice in stable penetrating trauma patients undergoing explorative laparotomy in our unit, nationally and worldwide.
At the end of most abdominal operations, the fascial layer is closed by stitching edges of the wound together. However, because of logistic and/or technical reasons or the patient's critical condition, the surgeon is forced to leave the abdomen open. The current approach for temporary coverage of abdomen is vacuum assisted techniques (VAT). This technique requires the use of vacuum-assisted drainage to remove blood or watery fluid from a wound or operative site. Although this is the most successful and commonly used procedure, there are some limitations to this method. For example, VAT have little effect on preventing lateral movement of the wound edges. Therefore, VAT it is not the ideal procedure in aiding surgeons to closed the abdomen. The purpose of this study is to compare usual care (vacuum or non-vacuum methods for temporary coverage of the OA) versus usual care plus a novel new abdominal binder device called ABRO™ that may aid in the closure of patients who undergo open abdomen closure procedures.