View clinical trials related to Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.Filter by:
Hypothesis: Medication Review with follow-up can improve clinical, health related quality of life and economic outcomes. To prove this hypothesis a cluster randomized controlled trial will be held in primary care centres of the public health system of Chile. Patients of the cardiovascular disease prevention program, older than 60 years and with poly pharmacy (more than 5 drugs) will be recruited. Control group will receive usual care and the intervention arm will have medication review consultations by a pharmacist every 2 months for one year. Clinical interventions will be made with physician authorisation. Participating pharmacist will be trained in cardiovascular prevention pharmacotherapy in the elderly, interview skills and educational techniques. A practice change facilitator will assist the pharmacist in any matters regarding the methodology and will asses barriers and facilitators to the implementation of the medication review with follow-up service. A personalised plan will be developed for every pharmacist. Clinical outcomes (blood pressure, HbA1c, LDL cholesterol, overall cardiovascular risk, among others), number of medications, adherence rate and health related quality of life will be evaluated. A cost-utility analysis will be made through the health ministry of Chile point of view.
Primary Objective: -To demonstrate that, efpeglenatide doses 1 and 2 is noninferior to placebo on 3-point major adverse cardiac event (MACE) in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients at high cardiovascular (CV) risk. Secondary Objectives: - To demonstrate that efpeglenatide doses 1 and 2 is superior to placebo in T2DM patients with high CV risk on the following parameters: - 3-point MACE. - Expanded CV outcome. - Composite outcome of new or worsening nephropathy. - To assess the safety and tolerability of efpeglenatide doses 1 and 2, both added to standard of care in T2DM patients at high CV risk.
The purpose of the study is to collect data about how well U-100 Regular Human Insulin can be used in the V-Go Insulin Delivery Device compared to U-100 Rapid Acting Insulin in the V-Go Insulin Delivery Device. The data collected will be used to see how much subjects' blood sugar levels change over time after they switch from using U-100 Rapid Acting Insulin to U-100 Regular Human Insulin within their V-Go Insulin Delivery Device.
A 2-period randomized cross-over trial will be conducted to determine the effect of incorporating 1 medium size potato, compared to an isocaloric portion of refined grains, on fasting glucose levels, insulin sensitivity, blood pressure, lipids and lipoproteins, arterial stiffness, body weight, gut microbiome, and dietary intake.
The aim of this study was to compare the heat shock response (HSR) between healthy middle-aged adults, healthy elderly adults and type 2 diabetic elderly people. In addition, considering the effects of strength exercise in promoting health, we aimed to test the effects of strength training over the HSR in diabetic elderly people. Thirty (19 females and 11 males) sedentary non-smoking participants volunteered for this study (11 healthy middle-age adults, 7 healthy old adults and 12 diabetic old subjects, previously diagnosed by their personal physicians). Firstly, venous blood samples were obtained from all participants to test the HSR. They were divided in three groups: healthy middle-age adults (45-59 y.o.), healthy elderly adults and elderly diabetic (> 60 y.o.). As we identify that diabetic people presented a poor HSR, we submit the diabetic group to a twelve-week resistance exercise training to verify if this intervention could improve the HS response. Diabetic subjects were randomly (1:1 block randomization) allocated in one of the two groups: Trained and Control (no training). Strength training was performed three times per week while the control group performed a "placebo" stretching/relaxing session once a week (for adherence purposes). Both interventions had twelve weeks of duration. To avoid any significant adaptation, all stretching exercises (for large muscle groups only) were performed at very low intensity without any significant discomfort. Supervised (by qualified sport and exercise scientists) exercise was performed in a gym on three non-consecutive days of the week. Each session lasted ~60 min and consisted of a warm up, the resistance exercise training and a cool down. The training programme consisted of a combination of upper and lower body exercises using gym equipments, free weights and body weight as the primary resistance. The twelve weeks of strength training were divided into three mesocycles of four weeks each. Exercises included leg press, knee extensions and leg curls, biceps curls, triceps extensions, lat pull-downs, shoulder press, bench press and abdominal crunch. Before the start of the training period, subjects completed a familiarization session to practice the exercises they would further perform during the training sessions, where the exercise load was individually tested. The resistance training was performed using two to three sets per exercise at intensities between 12-15 repetition maximum-RM.
Diabetes group visits, shared appointments where patients receive self-management education in a group setting and have a medical visit, are a promising way to deliver high quality diabetes care. Group visits can improve glycemic control and decrease healthcare utilization. To date, no studies have systematically implemented a diabetes group visit intervention in a network of U.S. community health centers. The University of Chicago is partnering with Midwest Clinicians' Network (MWCN), a member organization of 130 health centers across ten Midwestern states. Approximately half of all Federally Qualified Health Centers in this region are affiliated with MWCN. The objectives of the study are  providers and staff at 20 health centers will have the requisite knowledge, skills, and motivation to implement a diabetes group visit plus text messaging intervention at their sites;  changes in diabetes processes of care; knowledge, attitudes, and skills for diabetes self-management; clinical outcomes; and health care utilization for patients participating in the diabetes group visit program will be evaluated; and  the diabetes group visit program will be available for dissemination among and use by health centers and healthcare providers at the local, state, regional, and national levels.
Over 3 million in the United Kingdom are now diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, with current estimates suggesting this will rise to over 5 million by 2025. Type 2 diabetes increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, depression, neuropathy and dementia, along with being a leading cause of amputation and adult blindness. Sedentary behaviour, defined as any waking moment spend sitting or reclining with energy expenditure equal to or less than 1.5 METs, has emerged as a risk factor in the development of type 2 diabetes. Recent evidence has shown that breaking up prolonged sitting with regular short bouts of activity or standing lower postprandial glucose and insulin. However, the effectiveness of breaking prolonged sitting on glucose metabolism over a longer period of time is unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate whether the reduction in postprandial plasma glucose in response to breaking prolonged sitting time is maintained following an intervention to reduce and break up prolonged sitting over a four to five week period. The study will be a single group intervention with pre and post randomised measurement conditions (prolonged sitting and light upright breaks) at both time points. A sample of 43 people (34 to complete), aged 50-75, identified as at risk of or with (drug naive) type 2 diabetes will be sought. The intervention will last approximately 5 weeks. Experimental conditions will be conducted before and after the intervention to assess whether reducing and breaking up prolonged sitting in free living effects glucose metabolism.
This is a clinical study to examine rates hypoglycemia (self-report, EHR review, and review of values from a FDA approved continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS)). Subjects will wear either blinded or unblinded CGMS. This is a 1:1 assignment with one group (50%) wearing 1 unblinded/1 blinded CGMS and the other group 50% wearing 2 blinded CGMS. The assignment will be computer based in a random fashion. Participants will continue with their usual diabetes management and glycemic monitoring profile as per usual. Those assigned to an unblinded CGMS can use the CGMS to manage their glucose levels at their own discretion. Individuals recruited will be those Type 2 diabetes who are deemed to be at high risk for hypoglycemia or low risk for hypoglycemia from a point score system established in an affiliated study.
Study objective To evaluate the mechanism behind endothelial dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes in relation to the level of glycaemic control. Primary endpoint: Change in endothelium dependent vasodilatation (EDV).
The BP4DM study was initiated as a prospective randomized controlled trial to investigate the renal protection effect for tight blood pressure control for Taiwanese T2DM patients without previously diagnosed CV events. We set our primary outcome for the prevention of microalbuminuria development. The secondary outcomes include mortality, annual renal function declining rate, and development of cardiovascular events. The recruitment period for the RCT trial is from 2013 Oct to 2019 Dec. In addition, we also intend to continuously follow up all our recruited hypertensive diabetes patients for at least 10 years to observe their clinical outcomes including cardiovascular, renal, retinal outcomes and mortality.