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In this study, the investigators recruited at-risk individuals (n=26) who were overweight (25.0-29.9 kg/m2) and obese (> 30.0 kg/m2) and likely to exhibit one or more conditions associated with Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). In this 12-week placebo-controlled 2 x 2 crossover dietary intervention, the investigators randomized participants to consume 240 mL (8 ounces) daily of either placebo (artificial cherry-flavored, anthocyanin-free beverage) or TCJ for 4 weeks, followed by a 4-week washout period, then consumption of the alternate beverage for 4 weeks. Subsequently, the investigators determined the effect of TCJ in at-risk participants on markers of uricemia, lipidemia, glycemia, and inflammation.
Amla has demonstrated promising effects in the treatment of obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, insulin secretion, among others. The above mentioned findings show that Amla has an excellent potential for the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome.
The prevention of obesity and its main medical complications, such as hypertension, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, have been become a health priority. One of the most frequent metabolic complications in obesity is the insulin resistance and is the most important risk factor for the development of coronary diseases. The weight loss induced by the restriction of dietary energy is the cornerstone of therapy for people with obesity, as it improves or even regularizes insulin sensitivity and related comorbidities. However, weight loss induced by diet also decreases lean tissue mass, which could result in adverse effects on physical function. Although, regularly recommended to increase protein intake during weight loss, there is evidence to suggest that high protein intake could have deleterious metabolic effects. On the other hand, there is an association between the type of protein consumption, mainly the concentration of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) and insulin resistance during the dietary energy restriction in the therapy of obesity. There are multiple factors that influence the concentration of BCAAs and insulin resistance, which can be by phenotypic or genetic modification. The phenotypic modification refers to race, sex and dietary pattern. Meanwhile, the genetic modification refers to the activity of the enzymes responsible for the catabolism of BCAAs and genetic variants, such as the polymorphisms of a single nucleotide of said enzymes. A randomized controlled trial will be conducted with 160 participants (80 women and 80 men) divided by a draw in 4 groups, each for 20 participants. A feeding plan will be assigned according to the distribution of proteins (standard or high) and type of protein (animal or vegetable). The main aim of this study is to evaluate the effect on the amount and type of dietary protein and energy restriction on insulin resistance in subjects with obesity in a period of 1 month, considering the main factors that influence the concentration of BCAAs. In this way, evidence will be provided on what type of dietary intervention is most convenient for weight loss in subjects with insulin resistance and obesity.
The present study examined the effect of Montmorency tart cherry juice on functional and blood-based cardio-metabolic markers in humans with Metabolic Syndrome. Participants consumed Montmorency tart cherry juice or a placebo beverage continuously for 7 days in a randomised, crossover trial. Outcome variables were measured immediately prior to supplementation and post-supplementation. Furthermore, on the 7th day of supplementation outcome variables were measured pre- and up to 5 hours post-bolus. It was hypothesised that Montmorency tart cherry juice would improve cardio-metabolic markers, particularly fasting insulin and systolic blood pressure. Furthermore, the study aimed to identify the mechanism of action for any effects of Montmorency tart cherry juice on blood pressure.
The primary objective of this study is to determine the impact of two interventions against insulin resistance on the composite endpoint of 10% improvement in baseline six minute walk distance or improvement in World Health Organization (WHO) functional class in humans with pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH).
The present study examined the effect of Montmorency tart cherry juice and capsules on functional and blood-based cardio-metabolic markers in humans with Metabolic Syndrome. Participants received a single bolus of Montmorency tart cherry juice, Montmorency tart cherry capsules and placebo in a random, crossover trial. Outcome variables were measured immediately pre- and up to 5 hours post-bolus. It was hypothesised that Montmorency tart cherry juice and capsules would improve cardio-metabolic markers. Furthermore, it was hypothesised that Montmorency tart cherry capsules would be more beneficial than Montmorency tart cherry juice due to increased bioavailability of phytochemicals.
Two important mechanisms play a major role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes: insulin resistance of the target tissues and the impaired insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cells. Postprandial factors (such as insulin) are perceived by the human brain and induce signals that regulate glucose metabolism via the parasympathetic nervous system. Transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (tVNS) can be used on the outer ear to stimulate the auricular branch of the vagus nerve in humans. Heart rate variability (HRV) in healthy people can be significantly increased via tVNS, indicating a shift from sympathetic activity to parasympathetic activity. The hypothesis is that this postprandial shift results in a change in peripheral glucose metabolism. In turn, the increased parasympathetic activity could potentially result in a change in postprandial insulin sensitivity or secretion. To test this hypothesis, this study investigates the effect of vagal stimulation versus sham stimulation on insulin sensitivity, on insulin secretion, glucose tolerance, resting energy expenditure, and on parasympathetic tone (analysis of heart rate variability).
The Metabolic Syndrome (MS) is a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors, which include abdominal obesity, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, and high blood pressure. MS is considered a serious problem to health systems due to a current inability on implementing an effective prevention and treatment program. In Mexico 73% of adult population suffers obesity or overweight, this condition triggers the best studied pathophysiological mechanism; insulin resistance, which in turn precedes the diagnosis of diabetes and cardiovascular disease, that are the main cause of general mortality in Mexico, thus the prevention and timely treatment of this condition are now a priority. Actual pharmacological therapy is designed to control its components individually, however, there are great interest in developing new therapeutic lines that improve more than one component simultaneously and thereby increase the cost-benefit and effectiveness of the therapy. Fucoxanthin is a functional element present in seaweed species. Several studies have offered certain perspectives on its action mechanism and safety. The information available is favorable for weight control in overweight subjects, but its activity in glucose levels, lipid metabolism and blood pressure is inconsistent. It represents a natural option with great interest in this research, since it could be a new, safe and effective therapy in the MS. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of fucoxanthin on the components of the MS, insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion. The investigators hypothesis is that Fucoxanthin modifies the components of the MS, insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the major globally cause of death and morbidity.Chronic hepatitis C is the leading cause of end-stage liver disease, hepatocellular carcinoma and liver-related death in Egypt.It could be considered a special type of metabolic diseases involving insulin resistance (IR) which accelerates fibrosis and modulation of lipid-cholesterol biosynthesis with increased risk for ischemic heart diseases.It could be considered a special type of metabolic diseases involving insulin resistance (IR) which accelerates fibrosis and modulation of lipid-cholesterol biosynthesis with increased risk for ischemic heart diseases .Increased prevalence of IR and type 2 diabetes mellitus extensively reported in HCV infections
Dihydromyricetin has demonstrated promising effects in glycemic control, insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion, that above mentioned findings show that dihydromyricetin has an excellent potential effect in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.