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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of asfotase alfa in adult patients with pediatric-onset HPP.
Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is an inherited condition which causes a defect in bone calcification, leading to weak bones. Early childhood forms are severe and easily recognised, and there is now a drug treatment which is very effective in children. Adult forms are milder, often missed by doctors or confused with osteoporosis. This is important because the usual osteoporosis treatments may be harmful in HPP, and increase the risk of broken bones. One of the reasons it is missed is a lack of research describing the typical features of HPP, so doctors don't recognise the signs, and don't know when or how to test for it. The aim of this study is to establish clear criteria (from clinical history, examination and blood tests) to identify people with HPP. The results will also determine if there should be a trial of drug treatment for adults with HPP.
Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a genetic disorder caused by mutation in the tissue-non-specific alkaline phosphatase gene (TNSALP). It causes impaired bone mineralisation, fractures, tooth loss, muscle weakness and possibly other adverse health outcomes. The infantile-onset forms are severe, and were often fatal until the recent availability of a treatment (Asfotase Alfa). The childhood-onset forms are less severe, and the adult-onset form is mild, and often unrecognised or misdiagnosed as osteoporosis. The less severe forms of the disease are not well described, and because there has been no available treatment there has not been much research in adults. However, now that treatment is available there is a possibility of a clinical trial in adults. To know whether there is a need for a trial there is a need to determine if there is a significant personal and economic burden associated with the less severe forms of HPP. The study consists of a clinical interview and notes review of adults and children with confirmed (by biochemical and genetic testing) HPP attending metabolic bone clinics in Sheffield to establish their clinical problems and healthcare use. There are currently about 26 adults and 8 children attending clinics in Sheffield. The information will be used to plan a data search and health economic analysis of the burden of HPP from the UK Clinical Practice Research Database in collaboration with Pharmatelligence (a healthcare data group based within the University of Cardiff).
Development of a new MS-based biomarker for the early and sensitive diagnosis of Hypophosphatasia disease from plasma
This is a multicenter study in Japan. Eleven sites which have already participated in the investigator-initiated clinical study (Early Access Program) will participate in this study.The objective of this study is to gain further information on the safety and efficacy of treatment with asfotase alfa.
This clinical trial is being conducted in Hypophosphatasia, a bone disorder caused by gene mutation(s) resulting in bone defects. These gene mutations cause low levels of an enzyme needed to harden bone. The purpose of this study is to provide access to treatment in a disease where no approved treatment exists. This is an experimental treatment provided under specific treatment guidelines in which safety endpoints will be collected.
The aim of this study is to assess safety and efficacy of Asfotase Alfa (ALXN1215) in patients with hypophosphatasia
To collect and evaluate long-term safety and effectiveness data in HPP patients who have/ are receiving treatment with asfotase alfa.
Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare, inherited metabolic disease caused by inactivating mutations in the Alkaline Phosphatase (ALPL) gene, coding for the Tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP). Penetrance and disease severity is very heterogenous, ranging from stillbirth to adult-onset manifestations. Especially the latter are again characterized by an extremely broad spectrum of symptoms. This scope of variability makes it difficult to attribute individual patients' symptoms to the disease and distinguish them from HPP independent health issues. Especially in adult HPP patients, musculoskeletal problems, including (fragility-) fractures / bone bruise, joint pain, reduced mobility, muscular weakness and pain and reduced muscular endurance appear to reflect the prevailing burden of disease, especially with respect these patients dis-abilities of daily life. To expand current knowledge of the natural history of the disease as well as on disease specific musculoskeletal deficits in HPP, all adult patients with established Diagnosis of HPP known at the Orthopedic Institute, University of Würzburg, will be offered to participate in a single, multimodal assessment of their disease history, current symptoms and disabilities, lab evaluations and clinical and technical analysis of their musculoskeletal status and capabilities. Patients will be invited to a day long visit to the clinic in order to perform the following assessments: A) Epidemiologic / anamnestic information B) Physical examination C) Structured questionnaires D) Laboratory examinations E) Clinical functional testing F) Technical Examinations
Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare inherited metabolic disorder characterized by defective bone and teeth mineralization caused by mutations of the ALPL gene, which encodes for the tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP) isozyme, resulting in decreased serum and bone alkaline phosphatase levels. To date, over 250 different mutations in the gene encoding TNSALP have been associated with HPP. Clinically, the loss of TNSALP function results in progressive skeletal impact as well as progressive impact on all other major organ systems. It clinically manifests as rickets in infants and children and osteomalacia at all ages. The severe form of the disease has been estimated to have a prevalence of about 1 in every 100,000 live births.