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Infants with congenital heart disease often require an intervention during their first year of life. Infants are generally admitted to a cardiac intensive care unit and are routinely prescribed stress ulcer prophylaxis to decrease acid release from the stomach to prevent stress ulcer formation. However, these medicines may not be safe and could put infants at increased risk for hospital-acquired infections, necrotizing enterocolitis and alteration to the infant's microbiome. The investigators plan to assess the feasibility of conducting a prospective, blinded randomized control trial to determine the safety of withholding stress ulcer prophylaxis in critically ill infants with congenital heart disease. In addition, the investigators plan to examine the changes to the infant's microbiome through oral, gastric and stool samples and compare hospital-acquired infections.
Studies have shown that the risk of developing heart arrhythmias, is increased in patients receiving medication for Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and depression. The QT-interval on a electrocardiogram (ECG) is often used to assess the patients risk of developing heart arrhythmias. The QT-interval defines the hearts electrical resting period and a long interval is linked to an increased risk of developing heart arrhythmias. In this project the investigators wish to examine possible side-effects in patients receiving medication for ADHD and depression and their dynamic QT-interval changes, by analysing the ECG changes that occur during "Brisk Standing".
The main purpose of this study is to compare myocardial injury of patients undergoing congenital cardiac defects repair surgery (RACHS Risk Score one, two or three) under total intravenous anesthesia compared to inhalation anesthesia with sevoflurane. The primary aim of the study is to evaluate the troponin I levels in patients following congenital heart surgery and elucidate if one of the two anesthetic techniques (TIVA x inhalation anesthesia) is more effective in reducing troponin I levels in the first 72h after surgery.. Sixty six are planned to be included in the study and the follow-up will take approximately 3 days for the primary outcome. As a secondary outcome evaluate the BNP, CPK and CKMB postoperative levels in the same period (72h), also ICU and hospital lengh of stay (LOS), duration of mechanical ventilation, inotropic/vasoactive drugs use and incidence of renal injury (according to pediatric RIFLE score).
The purpose of our multi-center cohort study is to build a large platform to follow up the peri-operative nutrition of children with congenital heart disease. And data will be collected pre and 1, 3, 6, 12 months post surgery including physical, laboratory, imaging examination and questionnaire. The primary outcome is nutrition status (measured as WAZ, WHZ and HAZ) and secondary outcomes were the biochemical index and quality of life.
The erector spinae plane block is a novel regional anesthetic technique that allows for analgesia of the thorax and abdomen with a peripheral nerve block. The goals of this study are to determine if bilateral erector spinae plane blocks (ESPB) after sternotomy for congenital heart repair in high risk children and adults can decrease outcomes such as duration of postoperative mechanical ventilation (MV), perioperative opioid consumption, days in the intensive care unit (ICU) and length of stay (LOS).
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder occurring in adolescent females, characterized by voluntary dietary restriction, intense fear of gaining weight, and disturbed body image perception. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by the potential severity of its prognosis. While complete remission occurs in about 50% of cases, up to 20% of patients will develop a chronic relapsing form that leads to social disintegration. Moreover, anorexia nervosa has the highest mortality rate among psychiatric diseases with a risk of death of up to 10%. 30% of deaths in anorexia nervosa are attributed to cardiac complications remaining insufficiently described, and their screening at a preclinical stage is still poorly codified. Echocardiography findings show reduced left ventricular mass, pericardial effusion or mitral valve prolapse ; in addition, systolic function appears to be preserved whereas a global diastolic dysfunction, estimated with trans-mitral flow and global longitudinal strain. While the interest of cardiac echography has been well established, only one study used MRI as a means of cardiac evaluation in anorexia nervosa: interestingly, local myocardial fibrosis is pointed and could potentially contribute to cardiac rhythm disorders. No study has yet used T1-Mapping MRI to evaluate if diffuse myocardial fibrosis is prevalent in this population group. The investigators conduct a transversal, observational, monocentric study whereby malnourished patients with anorexia nervosa and age- and sex- matched, normal weight, healthy volunteers will undergo a gadolinium-enhanced cardiac MRI. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate and compare the frequency of cardiac fibrosis in those populations. Other cardiac MRI parameters will be described and compared as secondary objectives. Moreover, non-cardiac parameters evaluated by MRI such as adipose tissue distribution in anorexia nervosa patients compared with controls. In addition, patients with anorexia nervosa, a clinical, morphological and biological evaluation, including anthropometric parameters, biphotonic absorptiometry, resting electrocardiogram, cardiac echography and classical biological markers of malnutrition, will be done.
Hypoplastic aortic arch is a congenital heart defect that is prejudicial for the growth of newborns. It is often associated to other heart defects. Different surgical techniques exist to address this defect, but the literature is very poor with regards to the use of an autologous pericardial patch. Most use extensive dissection techniques or synthetic patches. Here investigators report institution's original approach using the newborns own pericardium for what investigators believe to be an optimal correction of the hypoplasia., with preserved growth potential.
This study looks to develop a multi-scale computational model of Pulmonary Hypertension, this clinical model will be calibrated using longitudinal, retrospectively and prospectively acquired human clinical data.
The aim of the study is to evaluate the feasibility and safety and efficacy of collecting and infusing autologous umbilical cord blood (UCB) in newborn infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) and transposition of great arteries (TGA). Rationale: Neonates with HLHS and TGA have significant brain injury as demonstrated by peri-surgical MRI. Moreover, there a substantial tendency to suffer from chronic cardiac condition as low cardiac output state and valvular insufficiency. Treatment of neonates after hypoxic ischemic injury at birth with autologous UCB was shown to safe and improved developmental outcome. The effect of UCB is most likely achieved by reduction of free radicals injury and pro-inflammatory and apoptotic process. Hypothesis: Treatment with UCB immediately after the first cardiac surgey, with in the first week life will reduce the brain injury demonstrated by MRI and reduce the choronic cardiac problems
Conventionnal cadiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is the reference to assess changes in right heart flow and pulmonary artery hemodynamics in patients with repaired Tetralogy of Fallot. 4D Flow CMR Imaging is a new imaging modality able to assess all of these parameters faster (8 min vs 30 min) and more comfortably. The aim of this study is to compare conventionnal CMR and 4D Flow CMR for the assessment of these parameters (ventricular volume, ventricular systolic function, and regurgitation of the pulmonary pathway).