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The balance between hunger and satiety is imperative for an individual's survival and overall health.). Without this balance, individuals can become morbidly obese or lack adequate nutrition for survival. Craniopharyngioma (CP) is a benign tumour that occurs at the base of the brain in children. Unfortunately, pediatric neurosurgeons sometimes inadvertently destroy a child's satiety centre during CP tumour removal surgery. This leaves the child with a post-operative complication: an insatiable appetite. This form of obesity is called "hypothalamic obesity". This study is designed to investigate Deep Brain Stimulation for hypothalamic obesity in n=6 young adults who have stabilized tumours.
New data suggests that the current treatment for pediatric adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma (CPA) may not be as effective as it could be.
Pediatric craniopharyngioma patients experience significant endocrine and sleep dysregulation difficulties. Sleep is a crucial part of children's healthy development, and sleep difficulties are associated with severe functional morbidity. Insufficient sleep, excessive daytime sleepiness, and poor sleep quality have all been significantly related to academic, behavioral, and emotional functioning in children and adolescents. Ecological momentary assessments (EMA) will be used to collect observational data. EMA data will be collected twice daily for one week. For the morning EMA administration, participants will be asked about their sleep. During the evening administration, participants will be asked about their daytime sleepiness, overall well-being, and family functioning. Covariates also administered during the evening administration include medication administration (Y/N) and total screen time. At the end of the EMA data collection period (on day 7 OR 8), participants will be sent a survey asking them to report - anonymously - their overall experience and satisfaction with the EMA data collection method.
This phase II trial studies how well vemurafenib and cobimetinib work in treating patients with BRAF V600E mutation positive craniopharyngioma. Vemurafenib and cobimetinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
Children with brain tumors who have had radiation therapy are at risk for problems with attention, memory, and problem solving. Such problems may cause difficulty in school and daily life. Memantine, the drug being used for this study, is not yet approved for use in children by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. However, studies have shown some improvements in memory for patients with dementia, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and autism. Scientists have also used this medication for adult cancer patients receiving radiation therapy with results showing less cognitive declines over time compared to patients taking a placebo (inactive pill). These studies have also shown few side effects. This is a pilot/feasibility study and the first known study involving children with a cancer diagnosis or brain tumor. PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: - To estimate the participation rate in a study of memantine used as a neuro-protective agent in children undergoing radiotherapy for localized brain tumors (low grade glioma, craniopharyngioma, ependymoma, or germ cell tumor) - To estimate the rate of memantine medication adherence - To estimate the rate of completion of cognitive assessments SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: - To estimate the effect size of change in neurobehavioral outcomes (cognitive, social, quality of life, neurologic) associated with memantine - To evaluate the frequency and nature of memantine side effects as measured by the Systematic Assessment for Treatment Emergent Events (SAFTEE)
Craniopharyngioma is a rare, benign central nervous system tumor, which may be a source of multiple complications, from endocrinology to vision, neurology and neurocognitive functions. This morbidity can lead to reduced participation in life activities, as described in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). The primary objective of this study is to measure participation in life activities in a population of children affected by childhood craniopharyngioma, using the assessement of life habits questionnaire (LIFE-H questionnaire), validated as a social participation measurement tool in various pediatric disabilities.
This hypothalamic obesity is associated with serious metabolic and psychosocial consequences. The purpose of the study is to compare the change of body weight after 6 months treatment with a lifestyle intervention + exenatide compare to the one after the same lifestyle intervention+ placebo in adults patients suffering from a hypothalamic obesity due to treatment of craniopharyngioma.
This research study will test if oxytocin, delivered by nasal spray, will promote weight loss in children, adolescents, and adults with Hypothalamic Obesity as compared to a placebo. The study is divided into two parts. During the first part, subjects will receive either oxytocin or placebo. In the second part, subjects will "cross-over" to receive the other treatment - either oxytocin or placebo. During study visits participants will do blood tests, physical exams, metabolic testing, a MRI scan, and some surveys and questionnaires.
Prospective, open labelled, phase II, monocenter trial to combine partial surgery resection and protontherapy to management paediatric craniopharyngioma.
Craniopharyngioma is a rare brain tumor that affects both children and adults. It arises in a region of the brain near the pituitary gland, visual pathways, and central blood vessels. Patients often present with headache, loss of vision or delayed growth. In some instances they may present with imbalance of water and salts in the body. The treatment for craniopharyngioma may be radical surgery or a combination of surgery and radiation therapy. In some instances surgery is not required. If the tumor cannot be completely removed, radiation therapy may be required. In this study we will use the most advanced form of proton therapy which is called intensity-modulated proton therapy. This is a newer form of radiation therapy which has a number of advantages over older forms of proton therapy and conventional radiation therapy using x-rays. The main goal of this study is to learn if proton therapy will effectively treat patients with craniopharyngioma brain tumors and reduce side effects compared to more traditional forms of radiation therapy.