View clinical trials related to Knee Osteoarthritis.Filter by:
Knee osteoarthritis (KOA), also called degenerative knee disease, is one of the most common bone and joint diseases in clinic. It was estimated to affect more than 9 million individuals in the United States in 2005 and is a leading cause of disability and medical costs. Most elderly people over the age of 65 have radiographic and/or clinical evidence of osteoarthritis. KOA is a lifelong disease which can lead to obvious pain, joint stiffness, limitation of activity and even joint failure or disability. Acupuncture is a popular treatment taken from ancient Chinese medicine, in which fine needles are placed into the body at specific points. Studies have shown that acupuncture can stimulate nerves under the skin, causing the body to produce natural pain-relieving substances (endorphins). However the evidences of acupuncture for KOA are contradictory. According to the review, intensive acupuncture with three sessions a week is more effective for KOA than sparse acupuncture with one session a week. Moreover, the papers published in the past years suggest that manual acupuncture and electro-acupuncture are most commonly used acupuncture therapy for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of intensive electro-acupuncture or manual acupuncture versus sham acupuncture in reducing pain and improving function in patients with KOA.
This study compares two oral medications (tranexamic acid and aminocaproic acid) as hemostatic agent administered in patients undergoing total knee replacement.
This study aims to investigate the effect of Smart Kneebrace use for osteoarthritis patients after total knee arhtroplasty (TKA) on post-operative performance.
This multicenter clinical trial aims to investigate the exact effect of drainage use for osteoarthritis patients in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on post-operative performance.
Previous retrospective database studies suggest that total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery under spinal anesthesia has less complications than when performed under general anesthesia. In general, complications are rare and both anesthesia types are widely accepted. In Finland, total knee arthroplasty has typically been performed under spinal anesthesia. In a recent prospective randomized controlled study, total knee arthroplasty under general anesthesia resulted in less acute postoperative pain (opioid-need measured by patient-controlled anesthesia), less nausea, and faster hospital discharge than that performed under spinal anesthesia. Also the use of surgical tourniquet can affect surgical outcome: it may reduce bleeding and surgery time, but it may also cause weakness of thigh muscles and thus hinder mobilization. In a recent study, both techniques with and without surgical tourniquet appeared equal. The aims of this study are to compare total knee arthroplasty under spinal or general anesthesia, with or without surgical tourniquet, in relation to acute and chronic postoperative pain, nausea, knee function, patient reported quality of life and satisfaction on care, complications, length of stay, and need of surgical unit resources. This randomized controlled study includes 400 patients with informed consent, 18-75-years-of-age, standard primary total knee arthroplasty operation, American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) physical status classification I-III, body mass index under 40, and no contraindications for medications or treatments used. The hypothesis of this study are used to reassess best practices of primary total knee arthroplasty operation to enhance quality of care, patient outcomes and satisfaction, and availability of surgery due to better patient flow at surgical unit.
Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is one of the most common musculoskeletal diseases in clinic. It usually occurs in middle-aged people, especially women. An estimated lifetime risk for KOA is approximately 40% in men and 47% in women. KOA is a chronic disease which can lead to obvious pain, joint stiffness, limitation of activity and even disability, with significant associated costs and effects on society, health systems, and individuals. The use of acupuncture as an approach for the management of chronic pain, is receiving increasing recognition from both the public and professionals. However, there are no universally accepted treatment frequency criteria in previous studies. The number of acupuncture treatments is no more than twice per week in most previous studies, while it is usually 3-5 sessions per week in clinical practice in China. The aim of this study is to compare the effects of different EA sessions (3 sessions per week versus once per week) in a pilot randomized controlled trial of KOA.
This study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) from umbilical cord in the treatment of 7 knee OA patients by assessing unexplained local and systemic symptoms or death before and at 1, 2, 3, 6 months after the injection.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the maximum tolerated dose of Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) from umbilical cord in the treatment of human knee OA
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) from adipose anticular injection in comparison with hyaluronic acid anticular injection in the treatment of human knee osteoarthritis(OA).
The purpose of this study is to learn if using an Interspace between the Popliteal Artery and Capsule of the Knee (iPACK) injection technique (also called a "nerve block") that numbs the nerves going to the back part of the knee to aid in physical therapy after surgery. The iPACK technique uses a numbing solution (local anesthetics) that is injected behind the knee to reduce pain and to help straighten the knee. This block may affect movement in the leg and make the legs weak, but thing is rare. A few institutions use the iPACK block for patients having total knee replacements, with the hope of providing good pain relief combined with improved mobility after surgery.