View clinical trials related to Knee Osteoarthritis.Filter by:
Rehabilitation after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) should consider control of postoperative pain and swelling, protection of the healing graft, restoration of full range of motion symmetric to the contralateral knee, strengthening of the muscles that stabilize the knee, hip, and trunk, enhancing neuromuscular control, and a gradual progression to functional activities that are required for return to the normal daily life. The effects of concomitant injuries and surgical procedures must also be considered in planning an individualized rehabilitation program. However, it is still unclear regarding the optimal exercise prescription after TKA. In the current study, the investigators plan to develop an exercise protocol and evaluate the result in a multidisciplinary approach, i.e. bone mineral density assessment. The exercise prescription consisted of cyclic exercise, aerobic exercise and resistant training exercise for first, second and third year, respectively. Cyclic exercise is advantaged safety and effectiveness of hydraulic resistance equipment, as well as the exercise can be quantitatively determined. Aerobic exercise is privileged by the cardiopulmonary endurance improvement, along with muscle strengthening in the associated muscle groups. Resistance exercise is specified for the indicated muscle groups, especially knee extensors, flexors, ankle plantar flexor and dorsi flexor in TKA reconstructed patients. The investigators hypothesis that using this cyclic exercise process can improve the body composition, muscle strength, bone mass density, level of oxidative damage indicators, gait performance, quality of life, knee joint range of motion, function of cardiopulmonary and fitness. This project will establish the scientific basis for rehabilitation protocol involving knee surgery.
Study is conducted to evaluate safety and efficacy in patients with osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of chronic degenerative joint disease, as well as the main cause of pain and disability in older persons worldwide. The limited results of physical therapy in OA makes OA patients potential candidates for complementary therapies, such as laying on of hands. The present study aims to investigate the effect of Laying on of Hands on the Pain, Joint Stiffness and Functional Capacity of Elderly Women With Knee Osteoarthritis. This is a randomized controlled trial with three allocation groups: spiritual laying on of hands ("passe espiríta" - Spiritist passe/spiritual healing) (SP), non-spiritual laying on of hands (LH) and Control Group without laying on of hands (CG). All subjects will participate in a 45-minute kinesiotherapy program. After that, groups will be directed to the 5-minute session of laying on of hands according to their groups. During the application of SP, LH and CG, the subjects will remain in a sitting position, blindfolded with dark goggles, and receive the following verbal command: "Relax and calm your mind." The intervention will happen twice a week for eight weeks and a blinded physical therapist will assess the pre and post scores of pain, functionality, joint stiffness (through WOMAC and visual analogic scale), anxiety and depression (HADS), religiosity (DUREL) and spirituality (FACIT Sp12) and quality of life (WHOQOL-Bref), among other secondary outcomes.
The START study will implement osteoarthritis (OA) treatment recommendations to increase the use of recommended treatment modalities and reduce non-desired events (e.g. unnecessary referrals to secondary care, unnecessary use of costly imaging modalities and use of treatment modalities supported by low quality of evidence). The purpose of the STavanger osteoARThritis (START) study is to improve the quality of OA care and increase the collaboration between health care professionals in primary health care and across health care levels.
Estimation of the localization accuracy of the genicular ablation procedure applied for chronic pain suppression
This study is conducted to study the efficacy and safety of Niselat in patients with osteoarthritis.
This study is being done to evaluate the outcomes of patients undergoing total knee replacement with two different methods of local pain control:shots of liposomal bupivacaine, a long acting anesthetic, directly into the knee during surgery or anesthetic delivered continuously to the adductor canal to provide long term pain relief. The goal is to try to find a standard protocol that provides the greatest pain relief for patients undergoing total knee replacement.
Total joint replacement is an efficacious treatment for osteoarthritis of hips and knees. Both total knee replacement (TKR) and total hip replacements (THR) have excellent implant survivorship. However, patients' satisfaction is lower in TKR than THR. A possible cause of the discrepancy is the unnatural knee kinematics after TKR. Various implants designs have been developed to solve the problem. However, most of their designs are based on experimental data and little has been studied about their actual performance in vivo. In this study, the investigators will analyze the in vivo stability of the Global Medacta Knee Sphere (GMK Sphere) implant. Migration of the implants will be monitored with a high precision measuring method called Radiostereometric Analysis (RSA). The investigators assume the investigators study will contribute the development of more satisfying knee implants.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of ReJoinTM for the Knee Osteoarthritis patients with Cartilage Defects comparing to Sodium Hyaluronate Injection.
Whole body vibration (WBV) acutely improves quadriceps strength, and may improve long-term outcomes in individuals with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). However, it is unclear if WBV influences athletic tasks such as running. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the influence of WBV on running biomechanics in individuals with ACLR.