There are about 6077 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Brazil. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Preterm newborn sleep deprivation due to medical interventions and environmental characteristics of the Neonatal Intermediate Care Unit (NICU) can increase morbidity and developmental deleterious effects. The aim of this study is to test the effect of earmuffs on sleep pattern of preterm neonates. Prospective, randomized, controlled, crossover study conducted in NICU of two teaching hospitals from São Paulo, Brazil. The effect of earmuffs use was analyzed through polysomnography measurement during four "Quiet times" periods. It was also analyzed sleep related variables during 24 hours of the day. Preterm newborns characteristics and clinical characteristics were also analyzed.
The hospitalization for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) impairs the physical functioning and functional capacity, but aerobic physical training and, more recently, inspiratory muscle training, have shown benefits to patients' health submitted to this intervention. However, is not known the effect of aerobic physical training combined with inspiratory muscle training in hospitalized patients for HSCT. The purpose of the study will be verify the safety, feasibility and effects of the training association.
Objective.To compare different therapies that employ acupuncture needles, silicon pellets and kinesiotherapy in patients with breast cancer submitted to taxane chemotherapy cycles. Methods. study will be carried out at the Oncomastology outpatient clinic of the Discipline of Mastology of the Department of Gynecology of the Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP) - Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM) and the Oncology Clinic Associated Center of Oncology, located at Rua Gabriel Monteiro da Silva, 454. randomized clinical trial will be conducted to define the treatment. Patients will be allocated into three groups (Group A: Stiper, Group B: Acupuncture or Group C: Kinesiotherapy) who will receive treatment once a week for eight consecutive weeks. 93 patients will be randomized in one of the three groups, after having signed the Free and Informed Consent Form and agreed to participate in the project, will respond to the evaluation form and will be submitted to physical examination. will be evaluated in the first and tenth sessions. Keywords: Acupuncture, Breast Neoplasm, Chemotherapy.
This study evaluated the effect of protein intake immediately after resistance exercise on lean mass, strength, and functional capacity gains in postmenopausal women. Participants were randomly assigned to protein-carbohydrate group (PC) (n=17), that ingested 30 g of whey protein immediately after exercise and 30 g of maltodextrin in the afternoon; and to carbohydrate-protein group (CP) (n=17), that ingested 30 g of maltodextrin immediately after exercise and 30 g of whey protein in the afternoon. Both groups performed the same resistance training protocol in the morning.
NTRODUCTION: cardiac surgery can lead to pulmonary complications such as hypoxemia and atelectasis. Noninvasive ventilation has been used to prevent and treat such complications. Electrical impedance tomography has been a useful tool in bedside evaluation of ventilation and pulmonary ventilation. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of non-invasive ventilation with oxygen therapy in cardiac post-operative patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It will be a randomized controlled clinical trial where patients will be divided into two groups: a group that will perform NIV for 1 hour and the group that will only use oxygen therapy. They will be evaluated through Electrical Impedance Tomography and arterial gasometry analysis just before extubation, soon after extubation, during the intervention and after the intervention for a period of 2 hours after extubation. EXPECTED RESULTS: It is expected that the NIV group will present higher pulmonary ventilation and aeration and better gas exchange than the oxygen therapy group, and that the time of therapeutic effect will be higher in the NIV group.
Periodontitis is related to host genetics, constitution of the dental biofilm and environmental factors such as smoking. DNA methylation is a mechanism of genetic expression that can inhibit or silence gene expression. In this way several researchers have been dedicated to study the genetic influence on the susceptibility and / or increased risk to periodontal disease. Studies have reported association between several epigenetic biomarkers with periodontal inflammation. Considering the hypothesis that there is an association between smoking and methylation in genes related to periodontal disease, the objective of this study was to verify the DNA methylation pattern in oral epithelial cells of patients with chronic periodontitis (CP) in the promoter of a specific gene involved in the control of inflammation, as suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) 1 in smokers and nonsmokers patients.
Objective: To investigate the acute effect of mirror therapy (MT) on motor control, manual dexterity and spasticity of the paretic upper extremity (UE) of individuals with chronic hemiparesis after stroke, during reaching task. Design: Randomized cross-over single-blinded trial. Subjects: Thirty-three patients post chronic stroke were recruited of the study. Intervention: Patients who first participated in the MT intervention performed a single session of MT, whereas in the control intervention a single session composed of the same exercises was performed, but without the mirror. After a month washout, the patients switched groups. Main measure: The primary outcome measure was motor control. The secondary outcome measure was manual dexterity and UE spasticity. The data will be expressed as mean and 95% confidence interval (continuous variable) and absolute frequency (categorical variables). To compare the outcomes of the different experimental sessions and at the different moments (pre and post session), the Generalized Estimating Equations with post hoc LSD (Least Significant Difference) methods will be used. For all analysis the significance level was set at α = 0.05 and statistical software SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences for Mac, version 22.0, IBM, USA) will be used. Key words: Stroke, mirror therapy, upper extremity, kinematic analysis
This clinical trial is being conducted to learn more about a potential treatment (valoctocogene roxaparvovec) for people with severe hemophilia A. This research study will test and confirm the safety and effectiveness of the 6E13 vg/kg dose of the study drug (valoctocogene roxaparvovec) that contains the correct gene to make Factor VIII so that the body can make its own Factor VIII that functions properly. Only one dose of valoctocogene roxaparvovec is being given in this study, and this dose has been previously studied in another clinical trial in patients with hemophilia A. This is a phase 3 study which is meant to show that the study drug is safe and works to help treat hemophilia A. The study will see if liver cells are able to make Factor VIII that functions properly after receiving this study drug. The study will also examine the effects that the study drug has on how much Factor VIII concentrates patients have to inject into their veins and on their bleeding episodes after the study drug has been administered. Finally, the study will see if and how the body responds to the study drug - for example, whether liver cells become inflamed or whether the body makes antibodies (something the immune system makes to protect itself against things like bacteria and viruses) against the vector or the new Factor VIII gene.
Parkinson's disease (PD), characterized as progressive and neurodegenerative, is one of the most frequent neurological diseases of the present time. Patients with PD present motor impairment, such as muscle stiffness, rest tremor, slow movements, postural instability, and gait and balance alterations; And non-motor factors, such as cognitive and neuropsychiatric disorders, depressive symptoms, and a consequent decrease in quality of life (QL). Dance can be an important tool for the complementary treatment of these patients, when added to traditional drug therapies and physiotherapies. Thus, the present study aims to verify the effects of a program of dance and walking in gait and QL of 38 adults with PD, divided in two groups, and to compare the aspects of functionality, dynamic stability, kinematics and QL. The data collection instruments will be a personal data sheet of the patients, the Hoehn and Yahr Scale (H&Y), the Rehabilitation Index (RI), the motor part of the Unified PD Rating Scale (UPDRS III), the Timed Up ang Go test (TUG), the kinematic analysis of walking and the Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39). Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software version 20.0 will be used to analyze the data, using the Wilcoxon test for non-parametric data and the paired t-test for parametric data, in order to compare pre and post intervention data. The significance level adopted for both tests will be p <0.05. It is expected that a program of 24 sessions of dance classes will be as or more effective than a program of 24 walking sessions for the gait quality and QL for the participants of the study.
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder, characterized by hyperglycemia and metabolic disorders, resulting in changes in insulin secretion and / or action. Physical function is critical for functional independence, and chronic diseases such as diabetes can lead to functional decline, and diabetes mellitus is a major contributor to the progression of sarcopenia and physical disability. DM is also known to have a strong associated with the development of peripheral arterial disease. Peripheral arterial disease is characterized by obstruction of the arteries of the lower limbs, leading to a low oxygenation of the muscles of the lower extremities. Among the physiotherapeutic resources that can be used, phototherapy involves the use of light for the treatment of muscular injuries, by modulating the physiological processes associated with the repair process. Clinical trials show that LED is a technique that interferes with muscle strength, generating an increase in maximal voluntary contraction and peak torque. It is hypothesized that the LED application is capable of improving the muscular strength, fatigue, functional performance and blood flow capabilities in individuals with diabetes. It is also expected that the results of this study may contribute to and increase the resources used by physiotherapists within the clinical scope, contributing to the care of diabetic patients.