There are about 6340 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Brazil. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Different classes of antihypertensives may have different responses when associated with exercise. Thus, this study aims to compare the responses of the association of 12 weeks of aerobic exercise and weightlifting with different classes of medications in 45 postmenopausal hypertensive women.
Malnutrition is a public health problem that can exert a negative impact on the general and oral health of children. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of chronic malnutrition on the oral health of children aged one to five years. An observational, analytical, cross-sectional study was conducted at the Nutritional Recovery Center and involved 82 children between 12 and 71 months of age. Nutritional status was evaluated using anthropometric indicators and oral health status was measured using the dmft index. Non-stimulated saliva was collected. Flow rate and buffering capacity was then measured with the aid of a pH meter.
Interventions focused on the scapula have been frequently used to treat shoulder pain. However, most studies do not assess the contribution of scapular movement alteration for the symptoms. Objectives: To compare the effects of two interventions for shoulder pain: Scapular Movement Training and General Exercises.
The aim of this study will be to evaluate if subjects submitted to a white diet counseling during home dental bleaching will present better results than subjects that maintained their usual diets. Forty patients will be divided into two groups and randomly allocated to each group: usual diet (control) or white diet, avoiding dye-containing food and beverages. patients will be assessed through a food frequency questionnaire and color measurement using a spectrophotometer at baseline and six months after bleaching.
Importance: Aging is characterized by numerous molecular, physiological, functional, motor and psychological changes, such as loss of postural balance and reduced muscle mass/strength. Such modifications often lead to reduced physical-functional capacity in the elderly and increased risk of falls. Currently, physical exercise is widely used to improve physical performance and reduce, at least in part, postural instabilities and the risk of falls. In this context, the Pilates method may be a good strategy to improve body balance, muscle strength and, potentially, the perception of quality of life in this population, depending how the exercises are performed. This study seeks to assess whether practicing Pilates exercises in orthostatic position results in differential effects on walking mobility and postural balance in healthy elderly women when compared to the standard sequence in the Pilates method, which involves less time performing exercise in the orthostatic position. The study hypothesis is that a higher relative volume of Pilates exercises performed in the orthostatic position can promote greater benefits in terms of walking mobility and postural balance compared to the standard Pilates protocol in the elderly.
The individual adapted sport modalities concentrate most of the technological development for equipment and auxiliary devices, the collective modalities need implements that aid in the development of training and the game.
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is common and largely underdiagnosed disease. The standard method for the diagnosis of OSA is a complete night polysomnography (PSG). Simple methods for OSA diagnosis are necessary. The overnight oximetry with the oxygen desaturation index (ODI) has been largely investigated as a diagnostic test for OSA but its accuracy remains undefined. The aim of our study is to evaluate if an wireless polygraph (Oxistar) is accurate to diagnosis OSA in patients referred to a Sleep Lab.
This study will develop and conduct a trans-specific peer navigation intervention in Brazil, which integrates the I-Care approach developed in South Africa with the Model of Gender Affirmation (GA), developed by the investigators to specifically address HIV prevention and care among trans women.
The present study aims to evaluate the microvascular endothelial function of a single centre cohort of patients with the cardiac form of Chagas disease, and to search for associations with clinical and laboratory variables.
This study will determine the effectiveness of the use of desensitivity gels prior in office bleaching on risk and intensity of tooth sensitivity caused by in-office bleaching using 35% hydrogen peroxide and using different types of potassium nitrate. Materials and Methods: Seventy five patients will be selected for this triple-blind, randomized, cross-over, placebo-controlled clinical trial. 10 minutes prior to bleaching procedure, patients will receive the the potassium nitrate 2% or placebo gel application on vestibular surface and Toothpaste 15 days before start the bleaching procedure (group 1: placebo gel + Colgate toothpaste; Group 2: Placebo gel + Nitrate toothpaste Sensodyne and Group 3: Potassium Nitrate + Colgate toothpaste). The whitening treatment with 35% hydrogen peroxide will be carried out in two sessions with a 7-day interval. Tooth sensitivity will be assessed before, during and 24 hours after the procedure using analog visual and verbal scales. Color alteration will be assessed by a Vita Guide scale at the end of the last session. Relative risk to sensitivity will be calculated and adjusted by session; while comparison of overall risk will performed by McNemar's test. Data on the sensitivity level and color shade will be subjected to the Friedman, Wilcoxon (α = 0.05). If necessary, multiple comparation will be done using Tukey's test.