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NCT ID: NCT03870438 Not yet recruiting - HIV-1 Clinical Trials

Prevention of Mother-to-child Transmission of HIV-1 Using a Rescue Intervention

PROMISE-EPI
Start date: May 2019
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The second visit of the Expanded Programme of Immunization when the child is 2 months old (EPI-2) represents a unique opportunity to link the EPI and PMTCT programmes and to introduce preventive and therapeutic rescue interventions in order to: 1) Assess the efficacy of the PMTCT cascade up to 2 months postpartum; 2) Allow at least 80% of HIV-1-infected infants identified at the second EPI visit who were not involved in HIV care to initiate ARVs at the earliest, but no later than 2 months after confirmation of HIV diagnosis; 3) Reduce HIV-1 transmission to less than 3% between 2 and 12 months among exposed children who completed the second EPI visit

NCT ID: NCT03869944 Not yet recruiting - HIV-1 Clinical Trials

Preventing Childhood HIV: Rescue Intervention. ANRS 12388 PREVENIR-PEV

PREVENIR-PEV
Start date: May 2019
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

The second visit of the Expanded Programme of Immunization when the child is 2 months old (EPI-2) represents a unique opportunity to link the EPI and PMTCT programmes and to introduce preventive and therapeutic rescue interventions in order to 1) Assess the efficacy of the PMTCT cascade up to 2 months postpartum; 2) Allow at least 80% of HIV-1-infected infants identified at the second EPI visit who were not involved in HIV care to initiate ARVs at the earliest, but no later than 2 months after confirmation of HIV diagnosis; 3) Reduce HIV-1 transmission to less than 3% between 2 and 12 months among exposed children who completed the second EPI visit

NCT ID: NCT03705624 Recruiting - Malaria Clinical Trials

P. Falciparum Infection Dynamics and Transmission to Inform Elimination (INDIE-1a)

Start date: August 6, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

In the current randomized trial, the investigators will test the ability of two experimental approaches to malaria infection management to reduce malaria transmission potential. Compounds in Saponé, Burkina Faso, will be randomized to 1 of 3 study arms: arm 1 - current standard of care with passively monitored malaria infections; arm 2 - standard of care plus enhanced community case management (CCM), comprising active weekly screening for fever, and detection and treatment of infections in fever positive individuals using conventional rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs); or arm 3 - standard of care and enhanced CCM, plus monthly screening and treatment (MSAT) using RDTs. The study will be conducted over approximately 18 months covering two high transmission seasons and the intervening dry season

NCT ID: NCT03682653 Recruiting - Childhood Mortality Clinical Trials

Neonates and Azithromycin, an Innovation in the Treatment of Children in Burkina Faso

NAITRE
Start date: April 11, 2019
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

Although under-5 mortality rates are declining globally, neonatal mortality remains persistently high in many regions of sub-Saharan Africa. Mass azithromycin distribution to children aged 1-59 months has been shown to reduce childhood mortality in Niger, Tanzania, and Malawi. This study did not evaluate the effect of azithromycin administered during the neonatal period. Observational evidence from high income countries has suggested that macrolides, including erythromycin and azithromycin, may be associated with increased risk of development of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS). However, these studies are limited by confounding by indication, as infants only receive antibiotics when they are ill. The investigators proposed an individually randomized trial of azithromycin versus placebo to establish the efficacy and safety of administration of a dose of azithromycin during the neonatal period. The long-term goal is generate evidence that can be used by neonatal and child survival programs related to the use of azithromycin in the youngest children who have the highest risk of mortality. The investigators hypothesize that a single dose of azithromycin administered in the neonatal period will lead to significantly reduced risk of mortality and that this dose will be safe. Objectives 1. Establish the efficacy of a single dose of azithromycin administered during the neonatal period compared to placebo in infants 8 to 27 days of life for reduction in all-cause mortality. 2. Establish the safety of a single dose of azithromycin administered during the neonatal period. This study will be conducted in several regions of Burkina Faso, including peri-urban areas of Ouagadougou and Nouna town, and rural areas that are within 4 hours' drive of a pediatric facility with capacity for performing pyloromyotomy

NCT ID: NCT03660839 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Plasmodium Falciparum Infection

Study to Investigate the Clinical and Parasiticidal Activity and Pharmacokinetics of Different Doses of Artefenomel and Ferroquine in Patients With Uncomplicated Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria

Start date: September 5, 2018
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

Primary Objective: To show the contribution of OZ439 to the clinical and parasiticidal effect of OZ439/FQ combination by analyzing exposure-response of OZ439 measured by Day 28 polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-corrected adequate clinical and parasitological response (ACPR) for the effect and the AUC of OZ439 as PK predictor. Secondary Objective(s): - To evaluate the dose response of OZ439 combined with FQ on PCR-corrected ACPR and crude Day 28 ACPR, and on other secondary endpoints. - To evaluate the safety and tolerability of different dosages of OZ439 in combination with FQ and FQ alone. - To characterize the PK of OZ439 in plasma, and of FQ and its active metabolite SSR97213 in blood.

NCT ID: NCT03614533 Active, not recruiting - Typhoid Clinical Trials

Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine Trial Among Children Younger Than 2 Years in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Start date: December 3, 2018
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

Typhoid fever is an illness that may cause mild effects in children, such as fever and feeling tired, or it may cause serious effects-- even death. A new typhoid vaccine has recently been recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) to prevent typhoid in children. But this new typhoid vaccine has not been tested with all of the vaccines given to children in Burkina Faso. The investigators want to look at this new vaccine, and study how safe it is in children in Burkina Faso and how their immune systems respond to the vaccine when given with other vaccines, such as yellow fever and meningitis A vaccines. The investigators plan to vaccinate 100 children between the ages of 9-11 months, and 150 children between the ages of 15 months and 2 years, in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, with either the typhoid vaccine or a vaccine against another illness called polio. Children will have follow-up visits on days 3, 7, 28 and 180. One teaspoon of blood will be collected on days 0 and 28.

NCT ID: NCT03533712 Not yet recruiting - Prematurity Clinical Trials

Effect of a Fortified Balanced Energy-Protein Supplement on Birth Outcome in Houndé District, Burkina Faso.

MISAME-3
Start date: May 2018
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

The 2016 WHO antenatal care guidelines stated that pregnant women in undernourished populations should receive fortified balanced energy-protein (BEP) supplements to reduce the risk of stillbirth and small-for-gestational-age birth. However, acceptable supplements and delivery channels must be determined for different contexts. The present proposal therefore will 1) perform a formative study to identify the most suitable (acceptability and utilization) BEP supplement for pregnant women in rural Burkina Faso (phase 1 and 2) and 2) evaluate the efficacy of this supplement to improve birth weight, fetal and infant growth (phase 3). The nutritional composition of the BEP supplement was established during an expert convening at the BMGF in September 2016. Private sector partners will prepare the supplements in the selected forms with the recommended nutrient composition.

NCT ID: NCT03519503 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Growth and Development

Infant Peri-Exposure Prophylaxis to Prevent HIV-1 Transmission by Breastfeeding: Mechanisms & Safety

Start date: February 27, 2017
Phase:
Study type: Observational

General objective - To assess the long-term safety and efficacy of one-year infant prophylaxis using lamivudine (3TC) or lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) to prevent post-natal transmission through breastfeeding. - To investigate the biological mechanisms involved in postnatal HIV transmission. Specific objectives - To compare the long-term safety of infant prophylaxis using either 3TC versus LPV/r on child development (growth, somatic and mental health), mortality, adrenal function, liver function, full blood count and mitochondrial toxicity. - To estimate the final efficacy data of 50 weeks of infant prophylaxis using either LPV/r or 3TC, since some mothers may have resumed breastfeeding after the trial. - To profile miRNA in breast milk according to maternal HIV status and HIV transmission. - To determine the influence of maternal milk on infant gut inflammation in an in vitro 3D-intestinal model (CACO-2 cells). The study population will comprise all ANRS 12174 PROMISE-PEP trial participants who completed the 50 week follow-up and are not HIV infected. An estimate of 881 mother-child pairs from the ANRS 12174 PROMISE- PEP will be recruited. This study is structured in two parts. The 'clinical & biological safety' component involves a cross sectional survey. A clinical and neuropsychological examination of participants will be conducted. In addition one venous blood sample will be collected to evaluate children HIV status, full blood count, liver & adrenal function and mitochondrial toxicity. Capillary hair follicles will be collected from 100 children in Zambia to study their genome integrity. The 'mechanisms' component includes biological assays to be conducted on breast milk samples previously collected from HIV infected, transmitting or non-infected mothers enrolled at ANRS 12174 PROMISE-PEP trial. Primary endpoint: Long term survival, mortality rate, measurements of infant growth (length and weight), somatic and neuropsychological development of the 5 year old children enrolled in the ANRS 12174 PROMISE- PEP trial. Secondary endpoints: HIV seroconversion since last PROMISE PEP trial visit, full blood count, liver function, adrenal function, serum lactate. Number of mitochondrial DNA copies per cell & percentage of mitochondrial DNA deletion for mitochondrial toxicity. Number of micronuclei & number of Ɣ-tubulin spot per cell to study genomic toxicity.

NCT ID: NCT03482869 Not yet recruiting - Diabetes Clinical Trials

Evaluation of Self-reported Walking Impairment in Predominantly Illiterate Patients

WELSH
Start date: March 30, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to test the routine feasibility of an image tool adapted from the WELCH questionnaire ( Walking estimated limitation calculated by history) to estimate walking impairment (The WELSH questionnaire: Walking estimated limitation stated by history) in patients investigated for walking impairment. Secondary aims correlation with the maximal walking distance.

NCT ID: NCT03459157 Recruiting - HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials

Access to PrEP for MSM: Acceptability and Feasibility in Community-based Clinics in West Africa (CohMSM-PrEP)

CohMSM-PrEP
Start date: November 20, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This demonstration project will assess the acceptability and feasibility of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for men who have sex with men (MSM) as part of a comprehensive HIV prevention package in community-based clinics in West Africa. An interventional, open label, multidisciplinary and multicentre cohort study will be performed in Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, and Togo. All MSM enrolled will benefit from a comprehensive HIV prevention package including quarterly clinical examinations, screening and treatment of STIs, screening of HIV, PrEP (daily or on-demand, according the participant's choice), immunisation against hepatitis B, individualised peer-led support (for adherence and prevention), group discussions, condoms, and lubricants.