View clinical trials related to Coronary Stenosis.Filter by:
This study evaluates the effectiveness and safety rotational atherectomy in routine clinical practice.
This study evaluates long-term outcome of patients diagnosed as acute myocardial infarction and treated with medication, coronary artery bypass surgery and percutaneous coronary intervention in Asan medical center, Korea.
Recent studies have shown that the systemic inflammation caused by periodontal disease (PD) can determine important changes in the coronary arteries, favoring atherosclerosis progression and development of acute coronary syndromes (ACS). The aim of ATHERODENT study is to assess the interrelation between PD, inflammation and progression of coronary atherosclerosis in patients with ACS. Material and methods: This case-control observational study will enroll 100 patients (group 1 - ACS and associated PD, and group 2 -ACS and no PD), in whom the following data will be collected: (1) demographic and clinical data, (2) cardiovascular risk factors, (3) full characterization of PD markers, (4) systemic inflammatory biomarkers, (5) imaging biomarkers derived from transthoracic echocardiography, computed tomography, coronary angiography, optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound, and (6) assessment of the presence of specific oral bacteria in samples of coronary plaques collected by coronary atherectomy, which will be performed during percutaneous revascularization interventions, when indicated in selected cases, in the atherectomy sub-study. The follow-up will be performed at 1, 3, 6, 12, 15, 18 and 24 months. The primary endpoint of the study will be represented by the rate of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE rates) in PD vs non-PD patients and in correlation with: (1) the level of systemic inflammation triggered by PD and/or by ACS at baseline; (2) the vulnerability degree of atheromatous plaques in the coronary tree (culprit and non-culprit lesions); and (3) the presence and burden of oral bacteria in atheromatous plaques. Secondary endpoints will be represented by: (1) the rate of progression of vulnerability degree of non-culprit coronary plaques; (2) the rate of progression of atheromatous burden and calcium scoring of the coronary tree; and (3) the rate of occurrence of left ventricular remodeling and postinfarction heart failure.
The aim of Multiplaque clinical study is to assess the vulnerability degree of the atheromatous plaques, before and after a myocardial infarction (MI), based on multiomics analysis, associated with invasive and non-invasive data. In this study, a multi-parametric model for risk prediction will be developed, for evaluation of the risk that is associated with the vulnerable coronary plaques in patients that have suffered an acute coronary syndrome. In the study, evaluation of the imaging characteristics of these coronary plaques will be performed with the use of CT, OCT, IVUS and invasive angiography. We will study the correlation between plaque evolution and (1) the degree of vulnerability at baseline, (2) multiomics profile of the patients and (3) clinical evolution during follow-up. Also, new techniques for evaluation of the functional significance of coronary stenoses will be studied and validated, such as calculation of the fractional flow reserve or determination of shear stress in areas that are localized within the near vicinity of the vulnerable coronary plaques.
Cardiovascular diseases are the most common cause of death in the western world. Myocardial infarction pathogenesis usually involves the development of an atherosclerotic plaque and thrombus. Past research has shown a correlation between thrombin generation values and ischemic heart disease, however, to our knowledge no investigation has been done into the correlation of thrombin generation and cardiac catheterization results in ischemic heart disease patients. In the current research the investigator will investigate the correlation of thrombin generation values using calibrated automated thrombogram and cardiac catheterization results in active ischemic heart disease patients.
The objective of this study is to evaluate effectiveness and safety of Firehawk® stent in the "real world" daily practice as compared with other drug-eluting stents.
This is a prospective, non-randomized, open label, multi-center study including 60 patients with symptomatic ischemic heart disease with 70%-100% coronary artery stenoses and occlusions enrolled and treated in this investigational device study.
The aim of this study is to evaluate the analgesic efficacy and safety of wound infiltration with liposomal bupivacaine (LB) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with sternotomy and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and compare it with bupivacaine hydrochloride infiltration
There has recently been renewed interest in the measurement of post percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) Fractional Flow Reserve (FFR). Previous studies have suggested that post PCI FFR values ≥ 0.90 are associated with better clinical outcomes for patients but the available data suggest that despite angiographically satisfactory results, this is actually achieved in less than 40% of cases. The main mechanisms for sub-optimal post PCI FFR measurements have been proposed to be stent underexpansion, unmasking of a second lesion in the target vessel post PCI, residual diffuse disease in the untreated segments and pressure drift (a technical artifact of pressure wire technology). Using post PCI FFR to guide stent optimisation and/or further intervention in the target vessel has been shown to increase the frequency of achieving optimal post PCI FFR results (and therefore presumably better clinical outcomes). However, there are additional costs involved in the routine use of post PCI FFR and it is not clear just how often it is even possible to increase the initial post PCI FFR to ≥ 0.90. This uncertainty means that it is currently difficult to either recommend the routine use of post PCI FFR or justify its cost. The investigators propose a prospective study to assess the feasibility of achieving post PCI FFR ≥ 0.90 during standard PCI procedures in consecutive patients. The study would also attempt to elucidate the mechanisms for sub-optimal FFR results when they occur. The investigators anticipate using the data from this developmental study to support a subsequent funding application for a definitive phase 3 study of the impact of FFR targeted PCI on clinical outcomes.
This study is designed as a prospective observational feasibility study. The investigators will study whether vulnerable plaques on OCT (fibrous cap ≤ 70 μm) show a locally increased uptake of 18F-choline on PET-MRI compared to stable plaques and whether the culprit plaque shows a locally increased uptake of 18F-choline on PET-MRI compared to non-culprit plaques. First, 15 NSTEMI or STEMI patients who underwent urgent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the culprit vessel, who are diagnosed with multivessel coronary disease and are currently scheduled for a second PCI at the VieCuri hospital will be included. These patients will be subjected to an additional 18F-choline PET-MRI examination at the MUMC+ and an additional optical coherence tomography (OCT) examination (during the PCI procedure at the Viecuri hospital). OCT will be performed as a reference standard to validate 18F-choline PET-MRI for detection of vulnerable plaques in the coronary arteries. In addition, 15 NSTEMI patients, who are scheduled for PCI of the culprit lesion at the MUMC+, will be subjected to an additional 18F-choline PET-MRI examination at the MUMC+. Hereby, the culprit coronary vessel and thereby the culprit plaque can be identified by the location of the myocardial infarct, as identified by late enhanced MRI. The investigators will study whether the culprit plaque shows an increased 18F-choline uptake on 18F-choline PET-MRI compared to non-culprit plaques in the other coronary arteries. All patients will receive standard, guideline-based clinical care, while PET-MRI and OCT will be performed as additional measurements. Before the start of the study, 5 stable angina pectoris patients that are scheduled for a PCI procedure at the MUMC+ will be included at the MUMC+ for a single PET-MRI scan to optimize the parameters of the coronary PET-MRI scan.