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OBJECTIVES: PRIMARY: To analyze the cognitive alterations in children with Obstructive Sleep Apnea OSA in different age groups and changes at 12 months after treatment with a protocol based on usual clinical practice. DESIGN: Observational, longitudinal, prospective, and multicenter study.
Nasotracheal intubation is indicated in patients undergoing oral, maxillofacial, or dental procedures. During nasal intubation with the traditional Macintosh laryngoscope, use of Magill's forceps or external laryngeal manipulation is usually required to facilitate intubation. The prolonged or multiple intubation attempts and, subsequently, may be associated with complications such as oxygen desaturation or airway and dental injuries. The C-MAC videolaryngoscope (Karl Storz, Tuttlingen, Germany) is a videolaryngoscope using a modified Macintosh blade, which may be a useful alternative both for routine and difficult airway management and for educational purposes. In this prospective, randomized, controlled trial, the purpose is to compare C-MAC and DL in terms of intubation times, hemodynamic response and adverse events associated with nasotracheal intubation in children undergoing dental procedures.
The purpose is to found new biomarker that differentiate septic arthritis and Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis in children. Synovial liquid and blood samples with proteomic, MiRNA searching, multiplex cytokine analysis and cellular phenotyping, will be analysed. The results for each data will be compared in function of the disease to search discriminant markers. On behalf with this result specific pathways could be identified .
Moyamoya disease is a common reason of transient ischemic attack (TIA) and stroke in children. Remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) has been shown to prevent recurrent stroke in intracranial arterial stenosis, but it is unclear whether RIC can prevent TIA or stroke in children with moyamoya disease. This study aims to evaluate the effect of RIC on TIA/stroke in children with moyamoya disease.
Specific musculo-tendinous adaptations in children with cerebral palsy (CP) have an influence on muscle strength and consequently on functional behavior and participation. Evidence of strength training programs has been shown on level of body function but transfer to levels of activity and participation is still limited. Lack of transfer is related to lack of specificity of the training and poor overall quality of the interventions (intensity, duration, frequency and/or type). The use of functional strength exercises to assess and train strength of the lower limbs in children with CP is well implemented in the most functional children with CP (GMFCS-level I). To assess isometric strength the hand held dynamometer (HHD) can be used in clinical settings but reliability of this tool is questionable. The aim of this study is to adapt existing functional strength tests for less functional children with CP (focussing on GMFCS level II and III) and to investigate the correlation with isometric strength measurements and other functional parameters.
This study is designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the current treatment option and outcome of pediatric lupus nephritis patients in China. Investigators will perform prospective registration study among at least 35 pediatric nephrology medical centers in China.
Compare the effect of a single exposure to a therapy dog and handler within the pediatric emergency department patient with anxiety by measuring the change in patient perception of anxiety before and after dog exposure using the FACES scale. We will also measure galvanic skin response (resistance to electrical current).
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major risk factor for death in end stage renal diseases (ESRD). Approximately 80% of ESRD patients have some degrees of left ventricular abnormalities at initiation of dialysis. Carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) has been widely accepted as an useful marker to assess CVD in ESRD children. In addition, cardiac mechanics parameters are used to evaluate cardiac function more precisely. However, measuring CIMT and cardiac mechanics parameters are expensive and difficult to perform as a routine method. Mean platelet volume (MPV) is a hematological index which shows the size of platelets. Uremic state causes inflammatory condition that affects MPV. Previous studies on people with normal renal function have shown that this parameter can also have association with CVD. However the data in children with ESRD is scarce. The aim of this study is to find a simple hematologic marker to use regularly in ESRD children finding patients at risk of CVD. Therefore, we will investigate the relationship between mean platelet volume and CIMT and cardiac mechanic parameters in children with ESRD.
Objectives:The aim of this study was to translate the Childhood Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction Questionnaire into Turkish, adapt it for use with parents of 5-12 year old children and determine the reliability and construct validity of the Turkish version. The main hypothesis of our study was that it would be possible to translate and culturally adapt the CBBDQ into a Turkish version, so that Turkish parents could understand it. Additionally, we hypothesized that the Turkish version would provide adequate internal consistency and test-rest reliability and acceptable construct validity. Methods:The Childhood Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction Questionnaire was guideline driven translated into Turkish and administered twice, at 7-day intervals, to parents of children to assess test-retest reliability. Cronbach's α was used for internal consistency and the inter-rater correlation coefficient was used to calculate test-retest reliability. The Dysfunctional Voiding and Incontinence Scoring System (DVISS) and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) in 5-7, 8-12 years old children were used as an external criterion to estimate construct validity.
The purpose of this trial is to investigate the metabolic and cardiovascular health in children aged 6-8 years born after in-vitro fertilization with frozen embryo transfer