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Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a very heterogeneous disorder with limited empirically validated behavioral and biological interventions. The goal of this pilot investigation is to apply a biologically-based approach to identify predictors of treatment response in children with ASD who are receiving Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT), an evidence-based behavioral intervention. Specifically, the investigators propose to identify neuroimaging biomarkers of treatment response to a PRT program (PRT-P) targeting language deficits in young children with ASD who will be randomized to either PRT-P or to a delayed treatment group (DTG).
The Autism Adaptive Community-based Treatment to Improve Outcomes Using Navigators (ACTION) Network—a new interdisciplinary network of 6 institutions—will blend clinical effectiveness and implementation research designs to study individual and combined effects of 2 evidence-based interventions in real world settings. The first is to engage families to access resources and support when they first learn their child has signs of ASD using an evidence-based intervention that integrates motivational interviewing and problem-solving education (MI+PSE). The second is to coach families to embed evidence-based intervention strategies for toddlers with ASD in everyday activities using the Early Social Interaction (ESI) model. In Phase 1, investigators will compare the effectiveness of adaptive interventions that use MI+PSE with and without ESI on parent and child outcomes in 3 sites in Florida and Massachusetts using a 2-stage Sequential Multiple Assignment Randomized Trial (SMART) design. In Phase 2, investigators will construct an adaptive intervention to optimize the effects and study the feasibility of implementation in new sites in California. This research network can build the capacity of community-based systems to provide earlier and widespread access to cost-efficient, community-viable treatment and be ready for immediate and rapid implementation across the US.
Study personnel will use evidence based behavioral skills training procedures to coach educators to implement modules designed to increase the quality of educational services and access to inclusive settings in elementary school for students with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
The group of patients diagnosed with Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is increasing and so is the need for new and effective treatment methods. ASD is characterized, among other things, by difficulties in social interaction and communication. These difficulties often affects their quality of life and causes a risk of developing social anxiety or other forms of mental illness, which often leads to isolation and may cause difficulties in participating in regular face- to- face psychological treatment. Although research shows that group therapy is favorable for this group of patients, many with ASD refrain from group-treatment due to social anxiety or difficulties with public transport. In order to increase the availability of evidence based psychological treatment for these patients, it seems important to be able to offer a web-based treatment option, with the ability to participate in online group sessions. The aim of the study is to investigate whether Internet-based CBT is an effective method of raising the quality of life and improving the mental health of adults with ASD. A randomized controlled study design will be used. Assessment will be conducted through video interviews, recruiting 84 patients with ASD and normal intellectual abilities. Symptoms of depression and other forms of psychopathology will be assessed through MINI-7 interviews. Primary outcome measures are quality of life and symptoms of depression and anxiety. Participants in the intervention group receives a 37 session blended treatment combining individual ICBT delivered through a treatment platform called Stöd och Behandling (SOB) with the opportunity to participate in regular group discussions delivered through a discussion forum online. Participants in the control groups are offered self-studies through psycho educative books about ASD. Data will be collected at baseline, mid-treatment, post-treatment and after six and 12 months.
The purpose of this research is to study the effects of a novel artificial intelligence (AI) tool for automatic facial expression recognition that runs on Google Glass through an Android app to deliver social emotion cues to children with autism during social interactions. This novel device will use a camera, microphone, head motion tracker to analyze the behavior of the subject during interactions with other people. The system is designed to give participants non-interruptive social cues in real-time and will record social responses that can later be used to help aid behavioral therapy. It is hypothesized that the system's ability to provide continuous behavioral therapy during social interactions will enable faster gains in social skills.
This study will test the efficacy of a nationally recognized employment training and placement program (Project SEARCH) when applied to youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders. It is designed to examine a single overall research question: Research Question: To what extent does a collaborative, employer-based employment training and placement program improve the employment outcomes, need for support, social responsiveness, self-determination, and quality of life of young adults with ASD 18-21 served in public special education programs?
This pilot study examines the impact of the SeRenade Parent-Child Music Class Program, which emphasizes parent training, peer inclusion, and musical play combined with established behavioral techniques, on the development of child social engagement, positive behavior, and parental well-being.
In the proposed pilot study, ASD+ toddlers will undergo Social Value Training (SVT) using a gaze-contingent eye-tracking paradigm in toddlers with elevated symptoms of ASD (ASD+) (n=48). SVT will be administered over a two-day period and the training effects will be assessed by changes in visual attention to high-value (HV) faces as compared to low-value (LV) faces between baseline, post-baseline, and a follow-up assessment using two tasks: a laboratory selective attention (LSA) task and real-world selective attention (RWSA) task. The investigators will also evaluate acceptability and feasibility of the value training and contribution of sex, nonverbal developmental level, and severity of autism symptoms to response to the training.
This study is a 12-week randomized-controlled trial of memantine hydrochloride (Namenda) for the treatment of social impairment in youth with Non-Verbal Learning Disorder, High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder, and related conditions. Eligible participants will be males and females ages 8-18. This study consists of up to 6 visits to Massachusetts General Hospital.
The purpose of this study is to examine how fatty acid supplementation alters biological signatures in children with ASD