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At the end of most abdominal operations, the fascial layer is closed by stitching edges of the wound together. However, because of logistic and/or technical reasons or the patient's critical condition, the surgeon is forced to leave the abdomen open. The current approach for temporary coverage of abdomen is vacuum assisted techniques (VAT). This technique requires the use of vacuum-assisted drainage to remove blood or watery fluid from a wound or operative site. Although this is the most successful and commonly used procedure, there are some limitations to this method. For example, VAT have little effect on preventing lateral movement of the wound edges. Therefore, VAT it is not the ideal procedure in aiding surgeons to closed the abdomen. The purpose of this study is to compare usual care (vacuum or non-vacuum methods for temporary coverage of the OA) versus usual care plus a novel new abdominal binder device called ABRO™ that may aid in the closure of patients who undergo open abdomen closure procedures.
Increasing radiation exposure by medical examinations is getting more concerns. For optimal medical imaging, reducing radiation exposure with preservation image quality is important. One of the solutions is use of iterative recontruction of CT examination. In this study, the investigators aimed to investigate the clinical feasibility of ultralow dose abdominopelvic CT with iterative reconstruction in patients with intraabdominal abscess. Patients with intrabdominal abscess usually undergo multiple CT examinations to evaluate treatment response. Therefore, ultralow dose CT can reduce unnecessary radiation exposure in these patients.
Intra-abdominal abscesses are pus-filled pouches in the abdominal cavity. Current standard of care includes drain placement in the abscess cavity to reach source control as well as administration of systemic antibiotics. It is common practice to flush the drain on a daily basis to ensure patency. This study aims to analyze the clinical impact of a higher local concentration of antibiotics (rather than normal saline) provided through drain irrigation with an antimicrobial agent (Gentamicin and/or Clindamycin) compare to normal saline.
This study evaluates the intraabdominal abscess rate after laparoscopic appendectomy in complicated acute appendicitis performing irrigation of the abdominal cavity or only suction without lavage.
Introduction: An increasing proportion of childhood appendicitis is treated with laparoscopic appendectomy (LA). The investigators wanted to elucidate the outcome of childhood appendicitis treated primarily by residents in a university hospital. Material and methods: All children (age<16 years) treated surgically with appendectomy in our department between January 2006 and January 2011 were retrospectively identified. Readmission, reoperation or postoperative length of stay (LOS) exceeding five days were considered as non-satisfactory outcomes.
The objective of this study is to evaluate the utility of fibrinolysis when draining an abdominal abscess as defined by length of stay after drainage.
The objective of this study is to establish the efficacy of tPA when used in pediatric intra-abdominal abscesses immediately after percutaneous drainage, irrespective of the ultrasound appearance or consistency of the drained fluid.
The role of complement system in bridging innate and adaptive immunity has been confirmed in various invasive pathogens. The aim of this study is to investigate the alteration of complement C3 in patients with severe abdominal sepsis and evaluate the role of complement C3 depletion in prognosis of such patients. The relationship between complement C3 depletion and adaptive immunity is studied meanwhile.
Despite performing colonic surgery with strict asepsia measures, minimizing the contact of the colon lumen with the peritoneum, some contamination is nearly impossible to avoid. In stapled anastomosis, the hole opened in the colon is minimum, just the necessary for introducing the parts of the mechanical devices. In handsewn anastomosis, the colonic lumen is more exposed to the peritoneum, despite the colonic occlusion with clamps meanwhile the suture is performed. Hypothesis: After stapled anastomoses, the peritoneal contamination should be lower than after handsewn ones.
According to retrospective studies the conservative management of periappendicular abscess is associated with decreased complication and re-operation rate compared with open appendectomy. Large abscesses require percutaneous drainage. Sometimes percutaneous drainage is not possible because of anatomical position of the abscess and surgical treatment is needed. The purpose of this study is evaluate whether laparoscopic appendectomy is suitable for the first-line treatment in patients with periappendicular abscess. The hypothesis of the study is that laparoscopic management of periappendicular abscess is suitable for the first-line treatment and it does not increase time of hospitalization or complication rate compared with conservative management.