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Clinical Trial Summary

Microsatellite instability is more common in colorectal cancer ( CRC) young patient which is associated with good prognosis and is considered as a predictor for good response to preoperative chemoradiotherapy. Counting of ( cluster of differentiation) CD 133 +ve cells ,as a marker for enrichment with colorectal cancer stem cells ,is considered as a prognostic marker for poor survival and predictor for radio-resistance. Correlation between microsatellite status ( MS) and CD133 count has not yet studied especially in young patients with rectosigmoid cancer. So the investigators hypothesize that there is correlation between microsatellite status, CD133+ve cells count , occurrence of CRC in young patients and resistance to standard treatment regimen. Improvement of response to treatment and choice of the best regime to avoid non beneficial treatment modality are the goal of this study.

Clinical Trial Description

The age incidence of colorectal cancer is above fifty years old world wide .But, when comparing the incidence and clinicopathological features of colorectal cancer in western countries and countries with constrained resources as Egypt , there is significant lower median age of incidence. In Egypt reports showed that CRC was detected in 11-15% of patients who underwent colonoscopy and diagnosed in 29-31% of patients aged 40 years or younger . Similar data come from other highly populated resource-constrained countries in Asia . This early onset rectal cancer is mainly poorly differentiated, advanced at prognosis, sporadic with no familial predisposition.Young patients with microsatellite high (MSI-h ) proximal cancer colon are with good prognosis but there is lacking data about the prognostic and predictive role of these genes in young patients with irradiated rectal cancer. As those young aged patients show worse outcome in term of progression free survival and higher rates of metastatic events , we hypothesize that colorectal cancer stem cells (CR-CSC) may have a role in this dismal outcome.CD133 is one of the best-characterized markers of CR-CSCs, many studies have demonstrated that CD133 expression was correlated with survival, recurrence, metastasis and chemotherapy resistance in colorectal cancer.

So the study is trying to establish a correlation between the MS status and enrichment with CR-CSC and if this proposed relationship may have implication of disease outcome and treatment results.

Patients and methods:

The investigators will enroll about 30 patients and will examine the pre- treatment colonoscopic biopsy for

- Type and grade of carcinoma under light microscopy after staining with haematoxylin and eosin.

- Immunocytochemistry performed on 4 µ-thick sections from paraffin blocks using the streptavidin-biotin-peroxidase technique. The sections will be routinely deparaffinized, rehydrated through graded alcohols to distilled water. Deparaffinized sections will be treated with 0.3% hydrogen peroxide for 10 min. Suitable antigen retrieval will be carried out. Blocking serum will be applied for 10 min. The sections will be incubated with antibody raised against

1. MMR proteins : MLH1, MSH2, or MSH6,PMS-2 .

2. CD133. Then the investigators will collect the blocks from the same patients after receiving neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and underwent surgery and examine

1. Under light microscope after staining for :Type and grade of carcinoma Angiovascular invasion Degree of immune response Pattern and depth of invasion Lymph node status.

2. CD 133 positive cell count with the same previously reported technique . The resulting immune complex will be detected by a universal staining kit following the instructions attached with the kit. Slides will be washed several times in phosphate buffer saline and will be placed in it for 5 minutes between each step except after peroxidase reagent the washing will be by distilled water. Negative and positive controls will be included in each staining series. Immunohistochemical evaluation will be done according to Ren F et al and Zhang X et al . Digital images will be obtained with a digital camera system ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT03002727
Study type Observational
Source Assiut University
Contact Ereny S Poles, MsC
Phone 01000470421
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Start date December 2016
Completion date January 2019

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