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Clinical Trial Summary

Stroke is one of the commonest causes of severe disability in adults. Stroke often results in spasticity and motor impairments in the upper limb. Permanent upper extremity impairments can lead to limitations in activities of daily living, social participation, and quality of life. Spasticity may obscure motor learning ability after stroke. Spasticity control is one of the main aims of most therapists in the rehabilitation process for patients with chronic stroke. Traditional approaches for managing spasticity may not be enough for gaining satisfactory results. Virtual reality-based therapy is one of the most innovative and developments in rehabilitation technology. It could be effective in accelerating motor recovery and modulating spasticity for the involved upper limbs. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of virtual reality-based therapy on upper limb spasticity and motor functions in patients post-stroke.

Clinical Trial Description

Stroke is an acute, medical event, which mainly results in neurological damage leading to disability and mortality. Stroke is a common, serious, and disabling problem. The most widely recognized impairment caused by stroke is motor impairment of one side of the body called hemiplegia, which restricts function in muscle movement or mobility. Following a stroke, many upper limb impairments may influence the patient's ability to perform functional activities. These include spasticity, muscle weakness, restricted and in-coordinated movement. The impact of upper limb dysfunctions on participation in home, work, community life, and daily living activities is great. Upper limb recovery after stroke is unacceptably poor; with only 50% of stroke survivors likely to regain some functional use. In many neurological disabilities associated with spasticity such as hemiplegia post-stroke, the rehabilitation process is of long duration and clinicians face the challenge of identifying a variety of meaningful and motivating intervention tasks that could be effective in controlling spasticity and preventing its negative hazards. Current rehabilitation techniques have focused on teaching and reinforcing different strategies that encourage the use of the non-involved upper extremity to decrease functional limitations. Treatment options for controlling spasticity and enhancing upper limb functions include physical therapy, occupational therapy, neurodevelopmental therapy, peripheral splinting and casting, constrained induced movement therapy, pharmacotherapy (e.g., botulinum toxin type A), and surgery. Till now, there is a lack of strong evidence of successful treatment with any of these approaches. Virtual reality is a relatively recent approach to stroke rehabilitation. It has been shown to be an interactive and enjoyable medium that, with sufficient use, may improve upper limb motor function in adults with stroke. Enhanced feedback provided by a virtual reality system has been shown to promote motor learning in normal subjects. The main advantage of virtual game-based rehabilitation over conventional approaches is the inclusion of an interactive and motivating exercise environment. Until now, there have been limited researches involving the inclusion of virtual reality-based therapy systems in neuro-rehabilitation and spasticity management of the involved upper limb for hemiplegic patients post-stroke. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of virtual reality technology on modulating spasticity and improving the function of the involved upper extremity in patients having a chronic stroke. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05069480
Study type Interventional
Source Umm Al-Qura University
Status Completed
Phase N/A
Start date October 1, 2020
Completion date May 30, 2021

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