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Clinical Trial Summary

The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has particularly impacted Ecuador. By May 31, 2021, 426,000 cases (10% of health professionals) and 20,572 deaths. Care procedures, organization and priorities have been altered, if not broken. The quality and safety of COVID19 and non-COVID19 patients have been compromised. Compassion fatigue, post-traumatic stress and moral damage reactions have been observed among healthcare professionals, considered second victims of SARS-CoV-2. Without professionals who feel supported and morally strong, care will be compromised, leading to greater uncertainty and insecurity in the care of COVID19 and non-COVID19 patients. In coordination with local authorities, this project seeks to strengthen the resilience of public institutions and healthcare professionals to implement. In coordination with local authorities, this project seeks to strengthen the resilience of public institutions and health professionals to implement proven interventions and scale them up to the whole health system to strengthen it after the impact of the COVID19 pandemic. This proposal is aligned with Sustainable Development Goal 3, which includes different targets to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all ages. Health emergencies, such as the one resulting from COVID-19, pose a global risk and have shown that preparedness is vital. Improving the Quality of the National Health Services and strengthening the health system in preparedness and response to health emergencies are the main priority lines of action in this project, thus aligning with SDG target 3.8 concerning strengthening health professional morale since to save lives, countries' public health systems must be strengthened. Previous work with the local partner supports the good performance and development of this proposal, which arose from a need based on the need to This proposal arose from a need based on the lessons learned in Spain.

Clinical Trial Description

The COVID-19 pandemic has been one of the health emergencies with the most significant impact on the world's population as a whole since records have been kept. The number of infected people (more than 234 million cases as of October 5, 2021) and deaths from this cause (4.8 million as of October 5, 2021) had exceeded any initial forecast when the WHO declared a public health emergency of international concern on January 30, 2020, and subsequently reported the COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic on March 11, 2020. In Ecuador, the situation has been equally alarming, with excess mortality of 46,470 people, which proportionally represents an increase of 57.72% compared to 2019 during 2020. As of December 6, 526,000 cases and 33,000 deaths have been confirmed. Health organizations in Ecuador have faced this health crisis by implementing organizational and structural reforms (for example, increasing the number of beds in critical care units to the limit of possibilities and setting up convention centers for the care of COVID patients). No specific measures have been put in place to alleviate pressure and help professionals cope with compassion fatigue or acute stress experienced during the most critical moments of the pandemic. This situation was exacerbated by the scarcity of personal protective equipment, fear, and distress of health professionals as they put their lives and their family members at risk. This study aims to draw lessons learned from these responses that have contributed to dealing with the health emergency, both at the institutional and individual level of health personnel, identifying those actions that have had a positive impact. These lessons can be used in the future in other crises and emergencies to develop measures for the protection and organization of the work of health personnel and to achieve a better response for the benefit of patients. This perspective-shifting approach focuses on the positive things that have helped health professionals cope with the pandemic that has not been sufficiently researched previously. Most studies focus on the negatives and what has gone wrong, but it is time to look back and compile the things that have helped us have valuable tools for future public health emergencies. Methods Mixed study that combines a first phase of qualitative research with a second phase of field study to, through a survey, capture information relevant to the objectives of the study and, finally, to develop a series of recommendations to support Ecuador's health system in the post-pandemic of COVID-19 and increase the resilience of personnel in future health emergencies. First phase The Focus Group technique will be used to capture experiences, experiences and measures taken to cope with the emotional consequences of the pandemic among the staff of the different health centers. We will seek to include primary care and hospital professionals from the city of Guayaquil. Group sessions will be conducted, each with between 8 and 11 participants, and the dynamics will be maintained until information saturation is reached. Recruitment will be carried out using the snowball technique among health professionals (physicians, nurses, support staff, among others). These group sessions will be complemented with a minimum of 5 and a maximum of 10 semi-structured interviews with middle managers of the organization and managers of at the level of the Integral Public Health Network (RSPI), such as the Ecuadorian Institute of Social Security, a health care referent and the North General Hospital of Guayaquil. The latter became a sentinel hospital for the care of most of the cases during this pandemic. For this reason, it has been considered ideal for conducting focus groups and surveys. The discourse will be analyzed and the ideas will be classified into categories. The information obtained will be triangulated and its consistency will be determined. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05198414
Study type Observational
Source Universidad Miguel Hernandez de Elche
Status Completed
Start date September 1, 2021
Completion date May 31, 2022

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