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Clinical Trial Summary

Sepsis is the leading cause of death in intensive care units and a major public health concern in the world. Heparin, a widely used anticoagulant medicine to prevent or treat thrombotic disorders, has been demonstrated to prevent organ damage and lethality in experimental sepsis models. However, the efficacy of heparin in the treatment of clinical sepsis is not consistent. Caspase-11, a cytosolic receptor of LPS, triggers lethal immune responses in sepsis. Recently, we have revealed that heparin prevents cytosolic delivery of LPS and caspase-11 activation in sepsis through inhibiting the heparanase-mediated glycocalyx degradation and the HMGB1- LPS interaction, which is independent of its anticoagulant properties. In our study, it is found that heparin treatment could prevent lethal responses in endotoxemia or Gram-negative sepsis, while caspase-11 deficiency or heparin treatment failed to confer protection against sepsis caused by Staphylococcus aureus, a type of Gram-positive bacterium. It is probably that other pathogens such as Gram-positive bacteria might cause death through mechanisms distinct from that of Gram-negative bacteria. Peptidoglycan, a cell-wall component of Gram-positive bacteria, can cause DIC and impair survival in primates by activating both extrinsic and intrinsic coagulation pathways, which might not be targeted by heparin. We speculate that the discrepancy between the previous clinical trials of heparin might be due to the difference in infected pathogens. Thus, stratification of patients based on the type of invading pathogens might improve the therapeutic efficiency of heparin in sepsis, and this merits future investigations.

Clinical Trial Description

In clinical patients, the major pathogens of sepsis caused by abdominal infection are mostly Gram-negative bacterium. Therefore, aim of this study is to determine effects of low dose unfractionated heparin for treatment of sepsis caused by abdominal infection. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT04861922
Study type Interventional
Source The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University
Contact Zhijun Huang, MD
Phone 0086-13908472564
Email [email protected]
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase Phase 3
Start date April 20, 2021
Completion date July 30, 2023

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