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Knee injuries, especially those to the ACL, are common among physically active people. These injuries are frequently treated with surgical reconstruction (ACL reconstruction; ACLR). While ACLR restores stability it does not protect against future injury, long-term pain, disability, and arthritis associated with these injuries. Our study is going to examine new ways to provide feedback about the way people move to determine if these are better at modifying movement patterns that are known risk factors of posttraumatic osteoarthritis development than current standard treatments. If you participate, you will be asked to undergo a movement analysis in a research laboratory while you perform tasks such as walking and hopping. After this initial assessment, you will be randomly allocated to one of 2 treatment groups. Each treatment group will perform 4 weeks (3x/week) of exercises to change the way people walk. Participants will then report for follow-up movement analysis testing 1- and 4-weeks after completing the intervention.
This study is a prospective randomized controlled clinical study. After the Achilles tendon rupture repaired , patients were randomly divided into 2 groups, and the rehabilitation protocol was traditional rehabilitation protocol and accelerated rehabilitation protocol under ultrasonic monitoring , respectively, to study the difference in efficacy between the groups.
The objective of the registry is to evaluate the effectiveness and performance of the Solitaire Neurovascular Remodeling Device when used with embolic coils in the treatment of intracranial aneurysms.
Open Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) repair is a high-risk surgical procedure accompanied by intense endocrine and metabolic responses to surgical stress, with subsequent activation of the inflammatory cascade, cytokine and acute-phase protein release, and bone marrow activation. There is a proven correlation of surgical stress, which patients undergoing open AAA repair are subjected to, with patient outcome, morbidity/mortality, intensive care unit stay and overall length of stay. Modern general anesthetic techniques have been revised and rely on perioperative multimodal anesthetic and analgesic strategies for improved overall patient outcome. Based on this context of a multimodal anesthetic technique and having taken into consideration the international "opioid-crisis" epidemic, an Opioid Free Anesthesia-Analgesia (OFA-A) strategy started to emerge. It is based on the administration of a variety of anesthetic/analgesic agents with different mechanisms of action, including immunomodulating and anti-inflammatory effects. Our basic hypothesis is that the implementation of a perioperative multimodal OFA-A strategy, involving the administration of pregabalin, ketamine, dexmedetomidine, lidocaine, dexamethasone, dexketoprofen, paracetamol and magnesium sulphate, will lead to attenuation of surgical stress response compared to a conventional Opioid-Based Anesthesia-Analgesia (OBA-A) strategy. Furthermore, the anticipated attenuation of the inflammatory response, is pressumed to be associated with equal or improved analgesia, compared to a perioperative OBA-A technique.
Ambispective, multi-surgeon, single site, consecutive case series to determine the safety, performance, and benefits of the Grappler(R) Interference Screw.
Transplantation of Allogenic Adipose Mesenchimal Stem cell in hypoxic cultur condition with Ligament- derived conitioned medium can enhance regeneration of posterior cruciate ligament rupture
Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament is a serious and common injury. In young athletes, surgical reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament by autograft with hamstrings or patellar ligament is widely used. Despite relatively standardized medical, surgical, and paramedical management, the results after ACL ligamentoplasty are not entirely satisfactory in term of return to sport. Recovery of the quadriceps strength is recognized as one of the decision-making criteria allowing the return to sport; however, significant muscle deficits are frequent at the time of return to sport. If the postoperative management is well codified, focused on muscle strengthening and neuromuscular retraining, some studies have addressed the value of preoperative rehabilitation, and recommend a good preoperative muscular recovery of knee extensors and flexors, to obtain better postoperative results at the stage of the return to sports. These results suggest that preoperative quadriceps strength should be considered as a predictor of the athletes' ability to return to sport activities. It is estimated that around 10 to 30% of patients with preoperative deficits and could benefit from additional rehabilitation. It can then be assumed that if the preoperative deficit is smaller, the postoperative deficit will also be smaller. This is the challenge of preoperative rehabilitation. There are a few studies on preoperative rehabilitation which allow a gain in strength of knee extensors and flexors. However, the rehabilitation protocols applied to patients highly varied and there is no consensus on one protocol. The potential improvement is in the range of 10 to 20%. The hypothesis of the study is that an optimal recovery of the strength of the preoperative knee extensors and flexors would reduce the postoperative deficit, thus improving the return to sport. In the absence of reliable information on the frequency of muscle weakness in preoperative patients, we will conduct a preliminary study to obtain these data as well as the potential gain in strength with our preoperative rehabilitation protocol.
Preterm birth (less than 37 weeks) affect approximately 8% of babies in the UK and is the worldwide leading cause of death in children under the age of 5. Subclinical infection affects approximately 50% of women giving birth before 32 weeks. Infection contributes to significant neonatal morbidity and mortality. Antibiotics such as erythromycin is currently used to treat women who present with preterm rupture of membranes. While this has shown short-term improvement in neonatal morbidity, it has not had any impact in reducing the perinatal mortality and also little effect on the health of the children at age seven. Some antibiotics such as co-amoxiclav has not shown to be effective in delaying delivery and some studies have shown that antibiotics increases rather than reduces the risk of cerebral palsy. Many women do not display signs of infection and the underlying bacteria is multifactorial (bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, gonorrhoea, Chlamydia, ureaplasma, Group B streptococcal and E. Coli) and remains a diagnostic challenge. The only available clinical approach is to test the sample of amniotic fluid for bacteria and small case series have shown prolongation of pregnancy when accurately targeted antibiotic treatment is used. This research aims to prove that targeted antibiotic therapy results in a greater prolongation of pregnancy than standard management for women with preterm prelabour rupture of membranes (PPROM) and/or threatened preterm labour (tPTL). Women will be randomised to standard care versus BioFire directed antibiotic treatment in addition to standard care. Investigators will use the BioFire point of care testing to identify the presence of infection and identify with anti-microbial resistance genes the bacteria possess to guide the antibiotic treatment. To be certain that the presence of infection is detected the investigators will use PCR to test the amniotic fluid for IL-6 and white cell count.
This study is to evaluate functional outcomes of a new, intraoperative lateral positioning of the anchors on the tuber ischiadicum, in comparison to regular anatomical anchoring direct on top of the tuber ischiadicumafter hamstring muscle repair. This study is to quantify at least 2 years postoperative functional, biomechanical and clinical outcomes including side-to-side differences in muscle strength, unipedal balance, gait, jumping and squatting function, muscle activity, in patients treated by hamstring muscle repair.
Atherosclerosis is a progressive inflammatory disease of the large and medium sized arteries, which is characterized by the formation of plaques in the vessel wall. The morphology and composition of the plaque play a major role in its stability during the development of the disease. The CTS system allows to deliver coronary cryotherapy intended for stabilization of vulnerable plaque with non-significant stenosis. Vulnerable plaque at high risk of rupture will be assessed by NIRS-IVUS imaging modality in patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). The ICEBERG study is an early feasibility single arm study enrolling a maximum of 45 patients. After enrolment of the first 5 patients in the First-in-Man safety cohort, the trial will enroll and randomize 40 eligible lesions in the randomized cohort of which 20 will be treated with cryotherapy.