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Clinical Trial Summary

Today, the increasing aesthetic expectations of the patients, showing its effect in the field of orthodontics, leads to the orientation towards aesthetic materials. The Invisalign system is also polyurethane for aesthetic purposes. It is a series of transparent plaques personalized to the patient's problems. However, the transparent structure of the plaque increases the importance of its cleanliness. There are many studies evaluating the removal of bacterial biofilm from plaques. However There are minimal studies evaluating the effect of the materials used for cleaning on the light transmittance, which has a significant effect on the aesthetics of the plaques. The aim of this study is to compare 5 different agents' effects on colour change. The work created will be divided into 5 groups according to the cleaning materials used. One of the cleaning agents will be assigned by lot and will be used while the treatment processes are continuing. The colour measurement will be carried out using the VITA Easyshade Compact spectrophotometer (VITA Zahnfabrik DEASYC220, Bad Sackingen, Germany). To prevent external light interference and keep the measurement head in a fixed position for each measurement, a special cubic box with a 3 mm radius entrance was created. The head of the device was firmly attached to the box lid with black tape to increase light-tightness. The colour measurement will be performed from the occlusal region of the second premolar tooth on the aligners, which will be placed on a standard white background. The colour measurement will be carried out as received and after the aligners were used in the patient's mouth for 2 weeks. Prior to measurements, the spectrophotometer will be calibrated according to the manufacturer's instructions. Each measurement will be repeated three times, and the average value will be determined. The Commision de l'Eclairage (CIE) Lab* system will be used for colour measurements. This system uses three parameters to define colour. The L* coordinate is a brightness measure that ranges from 0 (black) to 100 (white); the a* coordinate is horizontal and shows chromatic coordinates between red (+) and green (-), and the b* coordinate is also horizontal and extends in the direction of yellow (b+) and blue (b-). To determine the colour difference, a formula (Formula 1) will be used. ∆L, ∆a, and ∆b values will be calculated by subtracting the starting measurements (L0, a0, b0) from the final measurements (L1, a1, b1). The ∆E value will be calculated using these values, and the colour difference between groups will be compared. ∆E2-1 = [(∆L)2 + (+ (∆a)2 + (∆b)2]1/2= [(L1-L0)2 + (a1-a0)2 + (b1-b0)2]1/2 The formula proposed by Filho and da Silva will be used to convert ΔE values to National Bureau of Standards (NBS) values. NBS unit = ΔE* × 0.92. The ΔE values will be converted to their clinical significance using the NBS system. According to the results of the research, the colour change of the agents used to clean Invisalign aligners will be determined. The use of agents that have a minor effect on aesthetics can be considered ideal according to the results of the study

Clinical Trial Description

In recent years, following the developments in the field of orthodontics, the participation and expectations of patients in treatment have also changed. Conventional orthodontic brackets may cause aesthetic concerns in patients. The use of aesthetic materials and techniques aimed at overcoming such limitations has increased. An orthodontic treatment system made with a material made of polyurethane was introduced for the first time in 1998 as an alternative to conventional brackets. This system uses CAD/CAM technology to produce serial plates personalized to the treatment process. It is very important to clean these appliances for aesthetic reasons and to prevent bacteria from accumulating and becoming a focus of infection for the oral cavity. If plaques are not cleaned regularly, they can act as a reservoir for bacteria, leading to periodontal diseases, cavities and bad breath. In the treatment of clear plaque, the patient is asked not to eat or drink anything other than water while the plaques are in the mouth. However, despite all the recommendations, patients sometimes do not comply with these and may consume coloring drinks while the plaques are in their mouths. This situation causes changes in the polymer of the material and adversely affects the aesthetics, which is the main advantage of clear aligner treatment. Color stability of clear aligners remain critical considerations for both patients and clinicians. Despite the increasing cost, patients' desire for transparent aligners is due to the fact that these plates have almost no transparency in the mouth, so maintaining the original colour of the aligners is an important issue. Although there are many studies in the literature evaluating the removal of bacterial biofilm after cleaning of clear plaques, there are very limited studies evaluating the Colour change of plaques. In the light of this information, the aim of this research is to evaluate the colour change of transparent plaques, which is a polyurethane material, using 5 different cleaning methods. The cleaning methods to be used for this; toothpaste, whitening toothpaste, Corega Pro Guard & Retainer cleaning tablet, Efferdent antibacterial cleaning tablet and liquid soap. ;

Study Design

NCT number NCT05213650
Study type Interventional
Source Bezmialem Vakif University
Status Completed
Phase N/A
Start date October 18, 2021
Completion date December 1, 2022