Inter-professional Relations Clinical Trial
Optimizing Medical "Teaming" on Resident Based Teams
The main objective of this study is to evaluate the colocalization of internal medicine residents on one clinical inpatient hospital floor for all general medicine block rotations during the 2019-2020 academic year. Specifically, the aims of the study are to determine if co-localization improves familiarity with nursing staff, which in turn, improves team work, psychological safety, patient care and reduces burnout. The investigators' hypothesis is that co-localization will increase familiarity between residents and nurses and result in improved psychological safety, team work and patient outcomes.
Teamwork is critical in delivering high quality medical care. Failures in team communication and coordination have been cited as significant contributors to medical errors. In large teaching hospitals, patients receive care from transiently formed teams of nurses and residents who may only work together for as little as two weeks, as residents rotate through many clinical floors due to the complexity of resident scheduling. Unlike more established teams that work together over long periods of time, these transient groups are called "teaming;" a process where a group of diverse providers, with different roles, outlooks and levels of professional training transiently come together to carry out complex tasks. (Reference: Dr. Amy Edmondson, Harvard Business School) A key risk in "teaming" is the lack of familiarity of team members as studies suggest familiarity promotes an environment of psychological safety, where team members feel safe speaking up, asking for help and admitting errors. These skills are important for both team work and patient safety. The investigators hypothesize that in large residency programs where resident rotate on multiple floors, it is possible to improve the quality of "teaming" by increasing the frequency with which smaller groups of residents and nurses work together. As a result, the investigators propose a randomized controlled trial on an inpatient general medical floor to study the effect of co-localizing residents with nursing staff. One cohort of residents will be assigned to complete all general medical rotations on a single floor for the academic year. The investigators will assess the impact on psychological safety, team work and patient care. The investigators hypothesize by co-localizing residents with nursing, while these "teaming" are still transient, the slight increase in familiarity will promote a culture of psychological safety and improve team work. If benefits are found, resident scheduling can be adjusted in subsequent years. ;
|Source||Massachusetts General Hospital|
|Start date||June 25, 2019|
|Completion date||December 13, 2021|