Patients Receiving Hepatectomy Under General Anesthesia Clinical Trial
Analgesic Effect of Intrathecal Morphine Combined With Low Dose Local Anesthetics on Postoperative Analgesia After Liver Resection: A Randomized, Controlled Preliminary Study
Efficient postoperative pain control plays a vital part in the management of patients after surgery. In particular, major surgeries including hepatectomy cause intense postoperative pain that may result in cardiovascular or respiratory complications post-surgery. One of the current methods of postoperative pain control after hepatectomy involves a multimodal approach including intrathecal morphine injection immediately prior to surgery. Because morphine alone is inadequate for immediate postoperative pain control due to a late peak effect time of 6 hours, current literature advocates a combination injection including bupivacaine. However, higher doses of bupivacaine may inadvertently cause motor block or hemodynamic side effects. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness and side effects of intrathecal morphine combined with low dose bupivacaine against intrathecal morphine alone and no intrathecal injection.
All patients enrolled in the current study will receive intrathecal injections immediately prior to general anesthesia. The patient will be on his or her side in the fetal position and after palpating the back to secure the space between the 3rd and 4th lumbar spine, the area will be properly disinfected and draped with a sterile towel. Using a 25G needle, a small volume of 1% lidocaine will be injected at the proposed puncture site. For the control group, 2ml of 1% lidocaine will be injected subcutaneously with the 25G needle used during local anesthetic injection. For the morphine group and the morphine + bupivacaine group, a 25G pencil point spinal needle will be used to advance into the intrathecal space. After confirming intrathecal position of the needle by CSF regurgitation, morphine 400mg or morphine 400mcg+ bupivacaine 5mg each to a total volume of 2ml will be injected. Afterwards, all patients will undergo general anesthesia by the same method. ;
|Start date||November 19, 2018|
|Completion date||April 18, 2020|