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Clinical Trial Summary

Prophylactic use of aromatase inhibitor is effective in decreasing the incidence of Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia (GTN) in patients with complete hydatidiform mole (CHM)


Clinical Trial Description

Management of hydatidiform mole is usually evacuation followed by β-hcg surveillance to early detect cases of GTN . The risk of developing GTN is reported to be 16% to 20% in women with CHM . GTN is a potentially life-threatening malignancy but has an excellent cure rate. Trials were conducted to assess the role of prophylactic chemotherapy to prevent the development of GTN. In addition to their side effects, a meta-analysis concluded that there is insufficient evidence to support the use of prophylactic chemotherapy in clinical practice. Third-generation aromatase inhibitors such as letrozole have been shown to successfully block estrogen production in women of reproductive age. Their safety, high tolerability, low cost, and associated minimal adverse effects have all been established over several decades of clinical use and recently used successfully alone in the medical treatment of ectopic pregnancy making marked degenerative effects on the placenta. The study hypothesizes that by inhibiting the estrogen synthetase (the aromatase enzyme) progesterone would not exert its physiological role in maintaining early pregnancy including complete hydatidiform mole. Thus, using a prophylactic aromatase inhibitor after CHM may have a role in the prevention of GTN and more effective clearance of β-hcg. Rational GTN is a potentially life-threatening malignancy. The risk of progression of CHM to GTN is 20%. Prophylactic use of aromatase inhibitor may decrease the incidence of GTN. Research question: Is prophylactic use of aromatase inhibitor effective in decreasing the incidence of GTN in patients with CHM Hypothesis Prophylactic use of aromatase inhibitor is effective in decreasing the incidence of GTN in patients with CHM Aim of this work The study aims at figuring out whether prophylactic use of aromatase inhibitor is effective in decreasing the incidence of GTN in patients with CHM. OBJECTIVES - To assess the incidence of GTN after the evacuation of CHM without prophylactic use of aromatase inhibitor. - To assess the incidence of GTN after the evacuation of CHM without prophylactic use of aromatase inhibitor. - To assess the side effects of aromatase inhibitor when used as a prophylaxis against GTN development in CHM cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS Technical design: - Setting: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Sample size: 200 patients diagnosed to have CHM by ultrasound and confirmed by histopathological examination. Operational design: - Type of the study: a randomized controlled trial. - Steps of performance and techniques that will be used women included in the study will be subjected to the following Preoperative 1. Complete history taking. 2. General and abdominal examination. 3. Routine preoperative laboratory investigations. 4. Ultrasound to diagnose complete hydatidiform mole. 5. Measurement of β-hcg level. Intraoperative - Evacuation of CHM using Suction curettage. - Tissues obtained during an evacuation will be sent for histological assessment. Post-operative - Women will be randomized classified into two groups - Control group I: Conservative follow up - Prophylactic letrozole group II 5-mg Letrozole will be administered as two 2.5-mg tablets every day for 10 days. - All Patients will receive instruction to return for β-hcg follow up which will be done weekly till complete resolution then monthly for 6 months. - Participants will be advised to receive contraception during the follow-up period. - The patients who will develop GTN in either group will be picked up and the incidence of GTN will be calculated in each group. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms

  • Gestational Trophoblastic Disease

NCT number NCT05203562
Study type Interventional
Source Zagazig University
Contact
Status Active, not recruiting
Phase Phase 2/Phase 3
Start date June 1, 2020
Completion date June 1, 2022

See also
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