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Clinical Trial Summary

INVICTUS PED primary objective is to show the non-inferiority of an empirical antibiotic therapeutic management guided by the early detection of integrons in the urine, compared to a usual empirical antibiotic treatment, for the recovery of children admitted to the pediatric emergency department (ED) with a non-severe urinary tract infection (UTI) with fever

Clinical Trial Description

Urinary tract infections with fever are common in children and require primary health care management. Because of the risk of immediate evolution to a systemic infection with long-term renal scars, empirical antibiotic treatment is recommended. The French Group for Pediatric Infectious Diseases (GPIP) recommends the use of third-generation cephalosporins (3GC) targeting enterobacteria, which are mainly involved in UTI and increasingly resistant to antibiotics through the production of extended-spectrum β-lactamases. However, use of 3GC is a well-known risk factor for resistant germs selection and one of the main guideline to fight antibiotic resistance, which is an important public health issue, is to reduce their use. Integrons are genetic elements involved in the spread of antibiotic resistance in enterobacteria. Preliminary studies showed that integron search using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) directly on urine samples had a great NPV (>98%) for trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (SXT). The hypothesis is that, in children presenting to the pediatric ED with non-severe UTI with fever, absence of integron in their urine could allow prescribing an empirical antibiotic treatment with SXT without decreasing the chance of recovery, thus decreasing the use of 3GC. Two strategies is compare: i) In the control group: empirical antibiotic treatment according to the usual practice of each center, in line with the GPIP guidelines, ii) in the experimental group: empirical antibiotic treatment chosen depending on the results of the integron search with PCR. When PCR is positive, treatment according to usual practice; when PCR is negative, treatment with SXT. Two follow-up visits, by phone, will be planned: at H48 (+ 24h), when the empirical antibiotic treatment is assessed based on the urine culture and antimicrobial susceptibility test (AST) results, and on D30 (+/- 2 days) at the end of the follow-up. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05066854
Study type Interventional
Source University Hospital, Limoges
Contact Christine LAGUILLE, MD
Phone 0555058664
Email [email protected]
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date March 1, 2022
Completion date April 1, 2025

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