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Clinical Trial Summary

Patients with the Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) syndrome are genetically predisposed for developping multiple pancreatic neuro-endocrine tumours (pNET). The management of small (pNET) in both MEN1 and sporadic cases, pose a major clinical challenge. At present, pancreatic surgery is the only curative treatment but it is associated with high morbidity. To reduce the morbidity ascosiated with surgery and thereby potentially improve quality of life for MEN1 patients introduction of less invasive techniques for treatment of pNET is important. High-dose-high precision MR-guided radiotherapy (MRgRT) holds promise as a new less invasive treatment option for pNET. The aim of this study is to assess efficiacy and safety of MRgRT for treatment of pNET in MEN1 patients.


Clinical Trial Description

Background Patients with the Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) syndrome are genetically predisposed for developping multiple pancreatic neuro-endocrine tumours (pNET), with a cumulative pNET incidence of over 80% at an age of 80 years. In MEN1 patients, metastatic pNET is the primary cause of premature death. The management of small (pNET) in both MEN1 and sporadic cases, pose a major clinical challenge. At present, pancreatic surgery is the only curative treatment. Since surgery is associated with significant short- and long-term morbidity the management of small pNET depends on carefully outweighing the risk of liver metastasis leading to premature death and the morbidity of pancreatic surgery. Guidelines advocate that for tumours smaller than 2 cm an intensive watchful waiting strategy seems to be safe. However, although most pNETs remain indolent for years, many lesions eventually progress and metastasize. To prevent the development of metastases for growing tumours or tumours above 2 cm a surgical resection is advised. Due to the high incidence of pNET in the MEN1 population many MEN1 patients receive surgery for pNET in their lifespan and cope with the morbidity of pancreatic surgery. To reduce the morbidity ascosiated with surgery and thereby potentially improve quality of life for MEN1 patients introduction of less invasive techniques for treatment of pNET is important. High-dose-high precision MR-guided radiotherapy (MRgRT) holds promise as a new less invasive treatment option for pNET. With MRgRT accurate and precise delivery of high irradiation dose levels to the pNET is possible, while monitoring the tumor with MR imaging. The UMC Utrecht has pioneered the development of this technology, and gained experience with MRgRT treatments for patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma and other upper abdominal malignancies. Aim Aim of this project is to assess the safety and efficacy of high-dose-high precision MRgRT for pNET in a cohort of MEN1 patients that will require surgery in the near future. Methods Efficacy and safety of MRgRT will be explored in a prospective cohort study of MEN1 patients with pNET, the Precision Radiotherapy using MRLInac for Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumours in MEN1 patients (PRIME)study. The PRIME study is a single arm interventional cohort study, recruiting 20 MEN1 patients enrolled in the Dutch MEN1 Study Groups (DMSG) longitudinal cohort. Eligible patients are patients with pNET surpassing 2.0 cm, and patients with a growing pNET measuring between 1.0- 2.0 cm. Patients who give informed consent will receive MRgRT with a minimum dose to the tumour bed of 40 Gy in 5 fractions delivered within 2 weeks. The primary outcome will be the change in maximum diameter of pNET at follow-up MRI scan at 12 months after diagnosis. Secondary outcome parameters include incidence of surgical resection following MRgRT, toxicity of radiotherapy, quality of life, endocrine and exocrine pancreatic functioning, metastases free survival, overall survival and tumour characteristics on follow-up MRI. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05037461
Study type Interventional
Source UMC Utrecht
Contact Joanne M de Laat, Md, PhD
Phone +31302507397
Email [email protected]
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date January 1, 2022
Completion date January 1, 2025

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