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Clinical Trial Summary

This phase II/III trial investigates the difference in rates of infusion hypersensitivity reaction in patients with breast cancer who are receiving paclitaxel alone or in combination with other cancer drugs which require parenteral rescue medication after stopping standard pre-medications (dexamethasone, diphenhydramine, famotidine/cimetidine/ranitidine), compared to continuing premedications. Paclitaxel is a drug used to treat breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and autoimmune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related Kaposi sarcoma. It blocks cell growth by stopping cell division and may kill cancer cells. It is a type of antimitotic agent. However, there are side-effects and toxicities associated with repeat exposure to this pre-medication regimen. With prolonged use of paclitaxel, especially during weekly regimens, patients are exposed to repeat doses of drugs that prevent hypersensitivity reactions. Side effects include, but are not limited to, insomnia, gastritis, fluid retention, weight gain, mood changes and immune suppression. The information gained from this study may positively influence clinical practice and help researchers develop methods to safely stop pre-medications.


Clinical Trial Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: I. To estimate the difference in rates of infusion hypersensitivity reaction (HSR) requiring parenteral rescue medications following the discontinuation of pre-medications after 2 doses of paclitaxel, compared to continuing premedications, in breast cancer patients who have not experienced an infusion HSR with their first 2 paclitaxel doses. OUTLINE: Patients receive paclitaxel per standard of care as a single agent or in combination with dexamethasone intravenously (IV) and/or orally (PO), diphenhydramine IV and/or PO and either famotidine IV and/or PO, ranitidine IV and/or PO or cimetidine IV and/or PO. Patients who don't experience any infusion hypersensitivity reaction after the first 2 doses of paclitaxel are randomized to 1 of 2 arms. ARM I (STANDARD OF CARE): Patients continue on pre-medications (dexamethasone, diphenhydramine, famotidine/ranitidine/cimetidine) with all future doses of paclitaxel. ARM II (EXPERIMENTAL): Patients discontinue premedications (dexamethasone, diphenhydramine, famotidine/ranitidine/cimetidine) with all future doses of paclitaxel, unless patient develops a subsequent infusion HSR. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms

  • Anatomic Stage 0 Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Anatomic Stage I Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Anatomic Stage IA Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Anatomic Stage IB Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Anatomic Stage II Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Anatomic Stage IIA Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Anatomic Stage IIB Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Anatomic Stage III Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Anatomic Stage IIIA Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Anatomic Stage IIIB Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Anatomic Stage IIIC Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Anatomic Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Breast Carcinoma
  • Breast Carcinoma In Situ
  • Breast Neoplasms
  • Prognostic Stage 0 Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Prognostic Stage I Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Prognostic Stage IA Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Prognostic Stage IB Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Prognostic Stage II Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Prognostic Stage IIA Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Prognostic Stage IIB Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Prognostic Stage III Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Prognostic Stage IIIA Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Prognostic Stage IIIB Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Prognostic Stage IIIC Breast Cancer AJCC v8
  • Prognostic Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC v8

NCT number NCT04862585
Study type Interventional
Source Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
Contact
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase Phase 2/Phase 3
Start date June 1, 2021
Completion date December 31, 2024

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