Tau Distributions in Patients With Tauopathy Using APN-1607 PET Scan Clinical Trial
Establishing 18F PMPBB3 (APN 1607) PET Imaging, Genetic and Plasma Biomarkers for Risk Identification, Disease Progression and Prognosis of Tauopathy Related Parkinsonism s Yndromes
Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative disorders. The diagnosis of PD is primarily based on clinical presentations while the pathology stage of a-synuclein containing Lewy body deposition has already advanced. In addition to PD, there is another group of patients presenting with parkinsonism features mixed with other neurodegenerative symptoms. Pathologically, patients with these PD-mimicking parkinsonism syndromes, such as progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), corticobasal degeneration disorders (CBGD) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) with/without parkinsonism, have 4 repeat paired helical filament forms of tau protein (4R PHF-tau) aggregations in the neurons. Patients with these tauopathy related parkinsonism-plus syndromes could initially present as PD symptoms but will have a more deliberating disease course and combine with other systems degeneration. These patients are often a substantial diagnostic challenge to clinicians. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop reliable imaging and biofluid biomarkers for differentiating patients with PD and variable parkinsonism-plus syndromes. Recently, new generation of novel radiotracer 18F-PMPBB3 (APN-1607), which can be labeled with 4R PHF-tau without significant off-target binding, has been successfully developed. Therefore, this study will enroll 150 participants, including 30 healthy controls, 30 PD patients, and 60 patients with different parkinsonism-plus syndromes (including 10 patients with multiple system atrophy, 10 patients with progressive supranuclear palsy, 10 patients with cortical basal syndrome and 30 patients with frontotemporal dementia), and 30 patients with mild cognitive decline (MCI) or Alzheimer's disease (AD). All participants will receive complete neurological examination, 18F-PMPBB3 (APN-1607) PET, brain MRI scans, plasma markers for total/phosphorylated tau, a-synuclein and Ab42/Ab40 and genetic markers covering MAPT、SNCA、LRRK2、GBA and APOE genes. We aim to explore: 1. Whether 18F-PMPBB3 (APN-1607) can differentiate patients with tauopathy (PSP, CBGD, FTD, MCI and AD) and synucleinopathy (PD, MSA). 2. Whether the distribution of tau deposition detected by 18F-PMPBB3 (APN-1607) correlate to disease severity, progression, and prognosis in patients with tauopathy. 3. Whether the loading of tau deposition detected by 18F-PMPBB3 (APN-1607) correlate to plasma levels of total/phosphorylated tau. 4. Determine specific genetic susceptibility sub-groups are more vulnerable to tau deposition detected by 18F-PMPBB3 (APN-1607) in patients with tauopathy. The research results will help to understand the potential of 18F-PMPBB3 (APN-1607) as an imaging biomarker for diagnosis, severity and therapeutic assessment tool for patients with tauopathy.
|Source||National Taiwan University Hospital|
|Contact||Chin-Hsien Lin, MD, PhD|
|Start date||January 31, 2022|
|Completion date||December 31, 2023|