Non-Diabetic Disorder of Endocrine Pancreas Clinical Trial
Glucose Tolerance, Meal Timing and MTNR1B in a Mediterranean Population
The purpose of this investigation is to assess in a community-based cohort of late-night eaters the effect of coincident food intake and endogenous melatonin on glycemic control, and the putative interaction effect of melatonin receptor 1B (MTNR1B) genetic variation on this relationship. With the results from this study, the investigators expect to advance in the understanding of the role of endogenous melatonin on glucose metabolism in late night eaters and carriers of the MTNR1B risk allele, with potential implications on the guidelines to mitigate risk of type 2 diabetes in late night eaters and carriers of the MTNR1B risk allele.
Late-night dinner eating is associated with increased risk for type-2-diabetes. The
underlying mechanism is unclear. One explanatory hypothesis is that the concurrence of
elevated circulating melatonin and high glucose concentrations (characterizing late-eating)
leads to impaired glucose-tolerance. However, to date, no study has tested the influence of
physiological melatonin concentrations on glucose tolerance. The discovery of melatonin
receptor MTNR1B as a diabetes risk gene provides evidence for a role of physiological levels
of melatonin in glucose control.
The aim of the current study is to test the hypothesis that the concurrence of meal timing with elevated endogenous melatonin concentrations results in impaired glucose control and that this effect is stronger in homozygous MTNR1B risk carriers than in non-carriers. To do so we will test glucose tolerance using identical mixed meals under two dinner conditions: a) delayed dinner or Late Eating (LE): starting1 hour before usual bed time, b) advanced dinner or Early Eating (EE): starting 4 hours before habitual bed time, in a randomized, cross-over study design.
These findings could support a clinical application for the screening of this single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and the possibility of implementing tailored and cost-effective behavioral interventions to prevent type 2 diabetes in vulnerable populations.
These goals will be achieved through a specific approach:
• Interventional (randomized, cross-over controlled trials) (Aim 1): To study the potential interaction between meal timing (dinner) and genetic variants MTNR1B for glucose tolerance. ;
|Source||Universidad de Murcia|
|Start date||December 2014|
|Completion date||June 2017|