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Clinical Trial Summary

Neonatal mortality (defined as death in the first 28 days of life) remains unacceptably high in sub-Sarahan Africa. The concentrated risk of neonatal illness in the first weeks of life and its potential to rapidly deteriorate means that expanding mothers' access to timely information and support during this period is critical to reducing neonatal mortality. This cluster-randomized control trial aims to integrate a 2 way interactive SMS text messaging intervention into existing digital infrastructure supporting Community Health Volunteer (CHV) workflow in Western Kenya (dCHT) to enable remote communication by mothers with CHVs between home visits.

Clinical Trial Description

In Kenya, the neonatal mortality rate is 22.6 per 1000 live births, ranking among the countries with the highest number of neonatal deaths (~40,000 per year). Community health volunteers (CHVs) are a large cadre of lay health workers whose role is to promote access to preventative care and treatment in resource-limited settings. In Kenya, CHVs conduct monthly home visits to pregnant and postpartum women to provide education and screen for complications. Several counties in Kenya have adopted a digital community health toolkit (dCHT) that supports CHV workflow by tracking clients, managing tasks, and guiding home visits. Even so, the concentrated risk of neonatal illness in the first weeks of life and its potential to rapidly deteriorate mean that even monthly home visits leave mothers and neonates in need of on-demand support. Our team developed an interactive SMS text messaging intervention, Mobile WACh Neo (NEO), that connects mothers with healthcare workers remotely in the high-risk period immediately following birth to improve maternal and neonatal health. NEO sends automated, theory-based, actionable daily messages that systematically guide mothers to evaluate neonatal danger signs, and facilitates real-time dialogue with a healthcare worker to triage medical concerns and augment maternal social support. The overarching goal of this project is to integrate NEO interactive SMS into the existing digital infrastructure supporting CHV workflow in Western Kenya (dCHT) to enable remote communication by mothers with CHVs between home visits. This is a cluster-randomized control trial consisting of 20 facility clusters (10 control, 10 intervention) in Western Kenya. AIM 1: Employ a human-centered design approach to develop a NEO interactive SMS module in the dCHT, named CHV-NEO. AIM 2: a) Evaluate CHV-NEO's impact on neonatal mortality, b) clinic visit attendance, and caregiver provision of essential newborn care (cord care, thermal care and initiation of breastfeeding), in a pragmatic cluster-randomized trial. AIM 3: a) Determine the effect of CHV-NEO on CHV and supervisor workflow, and b) evaluate determinants of CHV-NEO's acceptability, adoption and fidelity of use. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05187897
Study type Interventional
Source University of Washington
Contact Lincoln Pothan
Phone +1-206-685-4363
Email [email protected]
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date October 2022
Completion date August 2025

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