Morbid Obesity D009765 Clinical Trial
Impact of Preoperative 4-week Supplementation With Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids on Liver Volume and Steatosis to Facilitate Bariatric Surgery in Morbdly Obese Patients : the " Omegaobese Study ".
Hepatomegaly is common in the morbidly obese patients and it may hamper the access to the
hiatal region during bariatric surgery. The doctors made a preliminary prospective study that
showed that a preoperative 4-week course of 1.500 Mg/ day without caloric restriction
resulted in a 20 % reduction in the volume of the left liver lobe (segment 2 and 3) on
The aim of this study is to determine whether a 4-week preoperative course with omega-3 without caloric restriction (1650 mg of omega-3 / day for 4 weeks) may reduce liver volume and its fat content, rendering thus surgery easier.
The primary end point is the reduction of the volume of the left liver lobe as measured by magnetic resonance imaging.
Secondary end points are: the reduction of the whole liver volume, liver steatosis, liver injuries during surgery, and duration of surgery, the evolution of liver tests as well as the correlation between preoperative MRI data and intraoperative liver biopsy for the quantification of liver steatosis.
Study design: This is an interventional, prospective, multicentric, randomized, double blinded clinical trial. Morbidly obese patients with metabolic syndrome candidate to bariatric surgery fulfilling criteria for bariatric surgery as established by the Haute Autorité de Santé are elegible for the study. Number of subjects to be enrolled: 44 patients in 12 months.
Study time schedule: At the time of the enrollment visit two visits are scheduled, the first before the beginning of the study and the last at the end. Surgery is scheduled no more than 7 days after the end of the treatment. At time of these two visits a clinical examination is performed avec calculation of the BMI, blood tests (ASAT, ALAT; GGT, total, HDL and LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, glycemia, C-peptide, HbA1c, insulin, HOMA-IR, C reactive protein) and a MRI to evaluate the volume and the fat content of the liver. At time of surgery duration of surgery and any eventual liver injury are recorded and a liver biopsy is performed.
The hypothesis is that, as shown by the preliminary study, the omega-3, will result in a reduction in the volume of the left liver lobe of 20 %.
Conclusion: If a 4-week preoperative course of omega-3 without caloric restriction results in a significant reduction of liver volume and steatosis before bariatric surgery, it may be recommended as a systematic preoperative treatment.