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Introduction: The transition to menopause entails several changes in the biopsychosocial sphere of climacteric women. Compared to other therapies, physical exercise has no side effects, is not costly and can have a positive influence on the symptoms reported by women at this stage. The emotional and physical state of climacteric women is affected by the alterations typical of menopause, deteriorating their quality of life. Likewise, physical exercise improves the associated symptomatology. The objective is to know how the study variables (symptomatology, quality of life, emotional state, physical exercise and level of coping) correlate. Material and methods: Cross-sectional descriptive observational design with a study population made up of women in the climacteric stage carried out through an anonymous and voluntary survey.
This study will be carried out to determine the effect of foot massage applied to menopausal women on anxiety, fatigue and sleep levels. This randomized controlled study will be conducted with 70 women (35 experimental, 35 control) residing in a village in northern Turkey. In the study, women in the experimental group will be given foot massage once a day for 7 days. No intervention will be applied to the women in the control group. Research data will be collected using "Personal Information Form", "Fatigue Severity Scale" and "Beck Anxiety Inventory". Descriptive statistics (number, percentage distribution, median and Q1-Q3), chi-square test, Mann Whitney-U test and Wilcoxon test will be used in the analysis of the data.
Menopausal women often complain that it is difficult to fall asleep and easy to wake up at night and early in the morning and it is in the middle of night difficult to fall asleep again. If the above symptoms persist for at least three months and occur at least three times a week, plus the impact on daytime work and rest, and meet the International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD-3) )'S s "Insomnia" diagnostic criteria. According to statistics, 30% to 60% of women face sleep disorders during menopause.
To evaluate the perception of viscosity of a vaginal moisturizer in postmenopausal women
INTRODUCTION Menopause is one more stage in a woman's life. The hormonal change is associated with a series of symptoms that usually manifest around 50 years. Not all women manifest all the symptoms or with the same intensity. The most common symptoms are: hot flushes and night sweats, changes in mood, insomnia or difficulty sleeping, weight gain, vaginal dryness and / or urinary problems; what is detrimental to the well-being of women. At this stage the woman feels more discouraged than usual, and may show moments of anxiety, stress or irritability with the people around her. Sleep disturbances can also cause a state of tiredness and excessive sleepiness during the day, or even persistent headaches that interfere with the daily routine could improve some of these aspects related to sleep disturbances and thus the quality of life of the woman. The objectives of this study are to know the effect of cranial therapeutic massage on insomnia, in order to improve the quality of life and the woman's corporal satisfaction, and to promote a better functioning and performance of the activities of daily life. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this study, the investigators selected women aged between 45 and 60 years, who presented changes and symptoms characteristic of the menopausal period, accompanied by alterations in sleep. In addition, the inclusion criteria require that women have not had a menstrual period for one year. Exclusion criteria are excessive stress, the use of medications to promote sleep and some type of contraindication to receive treatment. Protocol design It consists of a randomized clinical trial, with a total of 50 participants (n = 50), divided into a control group (n = 25) and an experimental group (n = 25). Intervention The experimental group is subjected to 1 session per week of manual cranial therapy consisting of massage and cranial relaxing techniques, with a duration of 30 minutes each session approximately, for 3 weeks and one month follow-up. Manual therapy consists of a prone and supine cranial massage. The control group does not receive treatment, but they will be evaluated the same as the experimental group. Evaluations Clinical interview Includes anthropometric data (age, weight and height). The quality of life questionnaire Sf-36 and the Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) that assesses the state of well-being of the menopausal woman through 11 simple answer questions. The Pittsburg Quality of Sleep Questionnaire (PSQI) takes sleep habits into account during the last month. The PSQI contains a total of 19 questions, grouped into 10 questions. In all cases, a score of 0 would indicate ease of sleeping, while a score of 3 would be a severe difficulty. On the other hand, the Sleep Journal also evaluates sleep habits, characteristics and sleep quality, but unlike the previous one, this questionnaire has to be answered daily by the patients. The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) is composed of 14 questions that relate to the level of stress perceived during the last month; The higher the score of each question, the higher the level of stress the person has. The Body Satisfaction Questionnaire. 10 questions is which must be answered according to the state of health that best describes the person at that time. The Patient Global Impression of Change Scale questionnaire assesses the sensation of change, in terms of quality of life and sleep, functionality and limitation to perform the activities of daily life, which the participant has experienced since the beginning of the treatment of this study. Analysis of data The data obtained will be stored in a database (SPSS), with which the analysis of the data will also be performed.
Traditional Chinese herbal medicine, no matter mono-therapy or poly-pharmacy, is composed of complicated chemical constituents. Many confounding factors influence activity of Chinese herbs, including the origin of the herbs, safety of the products and consistency between batches. Study of the effectiveness and mechanism of Chinese herbs in vivo is much more challengeable due to unresolved problems of product quality control, screen of effective principles, monitor of the marker constituents and the targets for site of action. In this project, we will introduce the concept of metabolomics to detect total metabolites spectra as the biomarkers of Chinese herbs intervention. Correlation will be analyzed between changes in total metabolites and clinical improvements when menopausal women receive Suan Tsao Jen Tang or Jia Wey Shiau Yau San, and postpartum women receive生化湯.
As an ancillary study to the KEEPS study (see ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00154180), the primary purpose is to measure effects of estrogen vs. placebo in menopausal women, on autonomic function and repolarization; both measured non-invasively via holter monitoring.