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Regional analgesia, based on its physiological effects and efficacy, is used for optimal perioperative pain relief. However, for acute pain in multiple trauma patients in a critical condition, it has not been prospectively studied. The use of regional anaesthesia in this group of patients extend to the management of trauma patients and of other painful procedures performed at the patient's bed. The use of RA in such patients must be analyzed in the light of associated conditions that can increase the risk of systemic toxicity and complications: coagulopathies, infection, immunosuppressive states, sedation and problems associated with mechanical ventilation. The investigators aim to assess the role of continuous peripheral nerve blocks (CPNB) in multiple trauma patients, in order to show the benefits in terms of opiates consumption decrease, sedation limitation, improvement in ventilator free days and patients outcome
Long bone defect (LBD) is defined as a focalized loss of bone tissue in any long bone of the upper or lower extremity. Long bone defects are a complex problem, that may arise as a complication of many different pathologies, such as trauma, tumors or infection. Whereas post-traumatic defects are the largest group. Reports estimate that there are almost 4 million bone grafting procedures worldwide per year. However, limb reconstruction in the context of a bony defect is challenging and up to date there is little evidence and treatment recommendations. In a multi-national approach, the aim of this project is to set up an international, multicenter registry to gather information and details on prevalence or incidence, current treatments, complications and outcome.
Procedural sedation is an emergency medicine technique that provides a brief, deep sedation in order to perform very painful emergency emergent procedures such as displaced fracture or dislocated joints reduction. Propofol is recommended for this purpose, injected administered in slow IV bolus injections according to the technique known as manual titration. But despite this precaution, temporarily excessive sedation can happen, and a side effect can appear (arterial hypotension or respiratory depression). Target-controlled infusion (TCI) is an anesthesia technique that permits to obtain a precise constant and stable concentration of medication, boluses volumes of injection being calculated and delivered automatically by an electric syringe equipped with a software obedient to existing pharmacokinetic models. In the operating room, Ffor anesthetic induction, maintenance and awakening, respectively, in the operating room, the brain concentrations of propofol range respectively from 2 to 6 μg/mL, 2 to 4 μg/mL, and between 0.8 and 1.2 μg/mL, respectively. Since TCI has never been used in emergency departments (ED), the brain propofol concentrations which are necessary for sedation and awakening of the patient are not known and must be determined experimentally. In this single-center, prospective, interventional study, safety and feasibility of TCI will be studied in one ED with the primary objective of determining the brain propofol concentrations necessary to reach the an optimal sedation in for patients with indications of sustaining very painful orthopedic emergency emergent procedures
Early and appropriate pain management in the emergency department (ED) is an important aspect of child care. Studies in the adult population revealed that ethnicity might be associated with disparities in analgesia and opioid treatment in ED patients suffering from limb fractures. The investigators aim to explore if ethnicity has an influence on analgesic practice in the pediatric ED. The objective of this study is to determine whether minority population Arab children with orthopedic injuries are less likely than Jewish children to receive oxycodone for limb fracture.