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Clinical Trial Summary

The purpose of this study is to better understand cortical contributions of the human temporal lobe to the frequency-following response. Frequency-following responses (FFR) are electrophysiological recordings that reflect phase-locked activity of neural ensembles in the auditory pathway and are used as an indicator of the integrity of supra-threshold speech processing. FFR was first studied in subcortical areas, but recent consensus in the literature supports the notion that it is an integrated response between subcortical and cortical neural populations. The proposed study aims to deconstruct the role of the cortex in generating and modulating the FFR. The research team will build a novel computational model of FFR mechanisms and use EEG recordings from participants who have undergone resection of lesions in Heschl's gyrus to validate model predictions.

Clinical Trial Description

The purpose of this study is to better understand the cortical contribution of the human temporal lobe to the generation and modulation of frequency-following responses (FFR). The specific aims of this study is as follows: 1. To build a novel computational model of cortical feedforward mechanisms involved in FFRs. 2. To test model predictions of cortical removal in human participants who have undergone surgical resection of Heschl's gyrus lesions. The hypothesis to be tested for the previously listed purposes and aims are as follows: 1. When cortical areas involved in generating and modulating the FFR, in this case Heschl's gyrus, are removed or inactivated, the FFR response will be attenuated. The frequency-following response has been used extensively in auditory processing literature as a minimally invasive method of recording the integrity of supra-threshold speech processing. It was once considered to be reflective of only subcortical activity in structures like the brainstem, however a recent consensus has been reached in research on the topic that supports the notion of cortical neural population involvement in FFR as well. The pilot study conducted under the initial parent grant for this study (Online Modulation of Auditory Brainstem Responses to Speech) proposed that subcortical auditory processing is not a hard-wired mechanism in the human brain but is rather continuously fine-tuned to stimuli by top-down expectations. This study further demonstrated that stimulus predictability, attention, and category-relevance have a robust effect on response fidelity and can modulate the FFR. The current study proposes to study the same effects and response patterns in cortical structures. Limited studies to date have investigated the effect of auditory cortex lesions on the FFR and existing studies did not account for the variables investigated in this study that are proposed to have a significant effect on modulation of FFRs. Even though FFR is widely accepted as a metric for measuring the integrity of speech encoding, there remains a poor understanding of the neural generators of this response. A few studies to date have already identified abnormal or dysfunctional FFR in certain clinical populations like ADHD and autism spectrum disorders. The proposed study additionally seeks to identify the potential translational utility of FFR as a biomarker for clinical conditions. This study is innovative as data from this study will allow researchers to build a novel computational model of cortical feedforward and feedback mechanisms, which will be tested in patient participants who have undergone surgical resection of Heschl's gyrus lesions. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05214092
Study type Interventional
Source University of Pittsburgh
Status Enrolling by invitation
Phase N/A
Start date February 14, 2023
Completion date January 1, 2026

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